Robert A. Brady (economist)
Robert Alexander Brady (1901 – 1963) was an American economist who analyzed the dynamics of technological change and the structure of business enterprise. Brady developed a potent analysis of fascism and other emerging authoritarian economic and cultural practices. His essential work is “about power and the organization of power around the logic of technology as operated under capitalism”, yielding insights and understanding of modern society’s careening path between enhancing or destroying “life and culture”.
In The Spirit and Structure of German Fascism (1937) and Business as a System of Power (1943), important works in historical and comparative economics, Brady traced the rise of bureaucratic centralism in Germany, France, Italy, Japan and the United States; and the emergence of an authoritarian model of economic growth and development.
Education and academia
Brady worked his way into and through college, doing undergraduate studies in history, philosophy, and mathematics at Reed College, where he graduated in 1923. He became an Instructor in European History upon his graduation. He began his graduate work at Cornell and went on to Columbia, where he completed his Ph.D. in 1929. He had been exposed to Veblen's thought all along the way, most systematically at Columbia, where he worked closely with John Maurice Clark. Brady took Veblen’s work as the point of departure for his own professional work. During his years of graduate study, he taught at Cornell, Hunter College, Cooper Union, and New York University. In 1929, Brady joined the faculty at the University of California at Berkeley.
Brady served as Chief of the Standards Division, Consumers Advisory Board, National Recovery Administration and on the staff of the National Resources Planning Board during the New Deal. He was one of the founders of Consumers Union, its vice president during its formative period, and head of Western Consumers Union.
In 1935 Robert Brady met the woman who took his name as Mildred Edie Brady and whom he married in 1956. They did not marry sooner because his wife would not grant him a divorce. Brady suffered a stroke in 1952 and was an invalid until his death in 1963.
- “Industrial Standardization.” Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1929
- The Rationalization Movement in German Industry. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1933
- The Spirit and Structure of German Fascism. New York: Viking, 1937; Lyle Stuart (1971) ISBN 0806502398
- Business as a System of Power. New York: Columbia University Press, 1943; Transaction Publishers (2001) ISBN 0765806827; Kessinger (2007), ISBN 0548110964
- “The Economic Impact of Imperial Germany: Industrial Policy.” In The Tasks of Economic History (Supplement No. 3 to the Journal of Economic History) (December 1943)
- Planning and Technology. Mimeo, University of California at Berkeley Library, 1950
- Crisis in Britain. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1950
- The Citizen's Stake in Price Control. Paterson, N.J., Littlefield Adams, 1952.
- Organization, Automation, and Society: The Scientific Revolution in Industry. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1961.
- Dan Schiller, "The Legacy of Robert A. Brady: Antifascist Origins of the Political Economy of Communications" Journal of Media Economics, vol. 12, No. 2, Pages 89-101 (1999)
- Robert S. Lynd, “Foreword” to Business as a System of Power, p. viii
- Doug Dowd, "Against Decadence: The Work of Robert A. Brady (1901–63)", Journal of Economic Issues vol. XXVIII No. 4, Dec. 1994.
- M. M. Davisson, E. T. Grether and C. A. Gulick , “Robert Alexander Brady, Economics: Berkeley”, Calisphere
- Warne, Colston (1993). Barbara Sicherman, ed. Notable American women : the modern period ; a biographical dictionary (6th pring. ed.). Cambridge, Mass [u.a.]: Belknap Press of Harvard Univ. Press. pp. 101–102. ISBN 9780674627338.