Robert A. McClure

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Robert Alexis McClure
Robert A McClure.jpg
McClure as a Brigadier General
Born (1897-03-04)March 4, 1897
Mattoon, Illinois
Died January 1, 1957(1957-01-01) (aged 59)
Fort Huachuca, Arizona
Allegiance  United States of America
Service/branch United States Army seal United States Army
Years of service 1917-1956
Rank US-O8 insignia.svg Major General
Unit John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School Office of Psychological Warfare
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Cold War
Awards Distinguished Service Medal (2)
Legion of Merit (2)
Bronze Star Medal

Robert Alexis McClure (March 4, 1897 – January 1, 1957) was an American general and psychological warfare specialist, who is considered as a Father of U.S. Army Special Warfare.

Biography[edit]

Born in Mattoon, Illinois, he graduated from the Kentucky Military Institute in 1915. He initially joined the Philippine Constabulary before joining the regular army in 1917.

In 1941 he served as military attaché to the American Embassy in London before being appointed by general Dwight D. Eisenhower to chief of intelligence for the European theater of operation in 1942. Eisenhower next placed him in charge of the Allied Forces Information and Censorship Section which was responsible for the operation of twelve radio stations as well as the censorship of troop mails and cables.

McClure was appointed director of the newly created Psychological Warfare Division of SHAEF in 1944. With the end of the war in Europe he was responsible for the Information Control Division which controlled broadcasting and newspapers in Germany during the early stage of the occupation.

After the invasion of Korea in 1950, beginning the Korean War, the Office of the Chief of Psychological Warfare was formed in Washington, D.C., headed by McClure. During his tenure, the Psychological Warfare Center was established at Fort Bragg, North Carolina which centralized the newly formed Psychological Warfare School and 10th Special Forces Group at a single location.

In 1953, McClure was assigned to Iran as chief of the U.S. Military Mission where he formed a close relationship with the Shah.

He retired from the Army in 1957 and died of a heart attack soon after at Fort Huachuca, Arizona.

Decorations[edit]

During his 39 years of the military career, Major general McClure received a lot of military awards, including a some foreign decorations.

Here is his ribbon bar:

Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
1st Row Army Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster Legion of Merit with Oak Leaf Cluster Bronze Star Medal
2nd Row World War I Victory Medal American Defense Service Medal with Foreign Service Clasp American Campaign Medal European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with 3 Service Stars
3rd Row World War II Victory Medal Army of Occupation Medal with Germany Clasp National Defense Service Medal Order of the British Empire, Commander
4th Row Legion of Honor, Officer (France) Croix de guerre 1939–1945 with Palm (France) Order of the Crown, Officer (Belgium) Order of the Crown of Italy, Grand Officer

External links[edit]