Robert A. Scalapino

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Robert A. Scalapino
Born (1919-10-19)October 19, 1919
Died November 1, 2011(2011-11-01) (aged 92)
Alma mater Harvard University
Thesis An Analysis of Political Party Failure in Japan (1948)
Doctoral students Richard Baum

Robert Anthony "Bob" Scalapino (19 October 1919 – 1 November 2011) (Chinese name: 施伯樂) was an American political scientist particularly involved in East Asian studies. He was one of the founders and first chairman of the National Committee on United States – China Relations. Together with his co-author Chong-Sik Lee, he won the 1974 Woodrow Wilson Foundation Award for the best book on government, politics, or international affairs as awarded by the American Political Science Association. Scalapino's daughters include the renowned artist Diane Sophia and the poet Leslie Scalapino (1944–2010).[1]

Scalapino was born to Anthony and Beulah Stephenson Scalapino in Leavenworth, Kansas. In 1940, he completed his bachelor's degree at Santa Barbara College (now the University of California, Santa Barbara) where he was student body president in his last year.[2] He married Ida Mae Jessen, the next year on 23 August 1941. Over time they had three children: Leslie, Diane, and Lynne.[1] Scalapino received his master's degree in 1943 and his doctorate in 1948, both from Harvard. During World War II he served in U.S. Naval Intelligence from 1943 to 1946, where he studied Japanese.[2][3] He reached the rank of lieutenant junior grade.

After graduating from Harvard, Scalapino remained there for a year teaching as an instructor, and then went to the University of California at Berkeley as an assistant professor in 1949. He achieved full professor status in 1956, and took emeritus status in 1990. He was chair of Department of Political Science from 1962 to 1965. He founded and was the first director of the Institute of East Asian Studies, from 1978 to 1990. He sat on the board of directors of the Council on Foreign Relations and was a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He was editor of the scholarly journal, Asian Survey, from 1962 to January 1996. Scalapino remained active into his late 80s, serving as a government consultant and testifying at Congressional hearings.

In 2010, The National Bureau of Asian Research and the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, as part of the National Asia Research Program (NARP), created the Scalapino Prize in honor of Scalapino and his contributions to the field of Asian studies.[4] The prize would be awarded to an outstanding scholar in the field of Asian studies every two years. The inaugural Scalapino Prize was awarded to David M. Lampton in June 2010 at the 2010 Asia Policy Assembly.[5]

He died of complications from a respiratory infection on 1 November 2011, at the age of 92.[6]

Awards[edit]

Selected publications[edit]

Scalapino published 540 articles and 39 books or monographs on Asian politics and United States–Asian policy,[8] which include:

  • 1953 Democracy and the Party Movement in Pre-War Japan[9]
  • 1961 with George T. Yu The Chinese Anarchist Movement[10]
  • 1962 with Junnosuke Masumi Parties and Politics in Contemporary Japan[11]
  • 1967 The Japanese Communist Movement, 1920-1966[12]
  • 1972 with Chong-Sik Lee Communism in Korea[13]
  • 1972 Elites in the People's Republic of China[14]
  • 1975 Asia and the Road Ahead[15]
  • 1979 The United States and Korea: Looking Ahead[16]
  • 1983 The Early Japanese Labor Movement[17]
  • 1989 The Politics of Development: Perspectives on Twentieth Century Asia[18]
  • 1992 The Last Leninists: The Uncertain Future of Asia's Communist States[19]
  • 1997 North Korea at a Crossroads[20]
  • 2008 From Leavenworth to Lhasa: living in a revolutionary era[21]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b EPC Obituary notice: Leslie Scalapino 1944-2010
  2. ^ a b "The US Navy Japanese/Oriental Language School Archival Project: Robert Scalapino Honored" The Interpreter (University of Colorado) Number 141, 1 November 2009, pp. 3-4, page 4, accessed 17 February 2010
  3. ^ "Forgotten WWII Patriots, Instrumental in Pacific Victory, to be Honored by U.S. Navy" AScribe Newswire 22 October 2002, accessed 15 February 2010 via Lexis/Nexis subscription service
  4. ^ NBR and Wilson Center Partner to Honor Scalapino http://www.nbr.org/research/activity.aspx?id=24
  5. ^ Dr. David M. Lampton Awarded the Inaugural Scalapino Prize http://www.nbr.org/research/activity.aspx?id=91
  6. ^ In Memoriam Robert Scalapino http://ieas.berkeley.edu/news/scalapino_in_memoriam.html
  7. ^ American Political Science Association "Woodrow Wilson Foundation Awards"
  8. ^ "Symposium: Fiftith anniversary of the establishment of The Asia Foyndation", page 3, The Asia Foundation, 14 December 2004, accessed 17 February 2010.
  9. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (1953) Democracy and the Party Movement in Pre-War Japan: the failure of the first attempt University of California Press, Berkeley, California, OCLC 152565297
  10. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. and Yu, George T. (1961) The Chinese Anarchist Movement Institute of International Studies, University of California Press, Berkeley, California, OCLC 3803036
  11. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. and Junnosuke Masumi, Junnosuke (1962) Parties and Politics in Contemporary Japan University of California, Berkeley, California, OCLC 502721
  12. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (1967) The Japanese Communist Movement, 1920-1966 University of California Press, Berkeley, California, OCLC 369027
  13. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. and Lee, Chong-Sik (1972) Communism in Korea University of California Press, Berkeley, California, ISBN 0-520-02080-4
  14. ^ Scalapino, Robert A., ed. (1972) Elites in the People's Republic of China, University of Washington Press, Seattle & London, ISBN 0-295-95230-X
  15. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (1975) Asia and the Road Ahead: issues for the major powers University of California Press, Berkeley, California, ISBN 0-520-03066-4
  16. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (1979) The United States and Korea: Looking Ahead Center for Strategic and International Studies, Georgetown University, by Sage Publications, Beverly Hills, California, ISBN 0-8039-1374-5
  17. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (1983) The Early Japanese Labor Movement: labor and politics in a developing society Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, California, ISBN 0-912966-65-3
  18. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (1989) The Politics of Development: Perspectives on Twentieth Century Asia Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, ISBN 0-674-68757-4
  19. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (1992) The Last Leninists: The Uncertain Future of Asia's Communist States Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, DC, ISBN 0-89206-191-X
  20. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (1997) North Korea at a Crossroads Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace, Stanford University Press, Stanford, California, ISBN 0-8179-5782-0
  21. ^ Scalapino, Robert A. (2008) From Leavenworth to Lhasa: living in a revolutionary era Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, California, ISBN 1-55729-092-X

Further reading[edit]

  • Scalapino, Robert A. (2008) From Leavenworth to Lhasa: living in a revolutionary era Institute of East Asian Studies, University of California, Berkeley, California, ISBN 1-55729-092-X

External links[edit]