Robert Augustus Sweeney

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Robert Augustus Sweeney
Born (1853-02-20)February 20, 1853
Montreal, Canada
Died December 19, 1890(1890-12-19) (aged 37)
Place of burial Calvary Cemetery, New York City
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1881 - 1884
Rank Ordinary Seaman
Unit USS Kearsarge, USS Jamestown
Awards Medal of Honor (2)

Robert Augustus Sweeney (February 20, 1853 – December 19, 1890) was a sailor in the United States Navy and is one of only nineteen servicemen, and the only African American, to receive the Medal of Honor twice, both for peace-time actions.

Biography[edit]

Born on February 20, 1853, in Montreal, Canada, Sweeney immigrated to the United States and joined the Navy from New Jersey.[1][2] By October 26, 1881, he was serving as an ordinary seaman on the USS Kearsarge. While Kearsarge was anchored in Hampton Roads on that day, Seaman E.M. Christoverson fell from a Jacob's ladder attached to the ship's lower boom and landed in the water. Christoverson's inability to swim, combined with a strong tidal current and rough seas, led to him quickly beginning to sink. Seeing this, Sweeney jumped overboard without hesitation and went to his aid. In his panic, Christoverson latched onto Sweeney and dragged him under the water. Sweeney was able to break free, but was grabbed and dragged under a second time. One of Kearsarge's officers, Cadet Midshipman John B. Bernadon, then dove into the water and swam to help the men. Together, Sweeney and Bernadon were able to keep Christoverson afloat and, once their shipmates had thrown them a rope, pulled him back aboard ship. For this action, Sweeney was awarded his first Medal of Honor six days later, on November 1.[3]

On December 20, 1883, while serving on the USS Jamestown at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, he and a shipmate, Landsman J. W. Norris, jumped into the water and rescued A.A. George, who had fallen overboard. Both Sweeney and Norris were awarded the Medal of Honor the next year, on October 18, 1884, for this act.[1]

Sweeney's gravestone

Sweeney died on December 19, 1890, at age 37 and was buried at Calvary Cemetery in Queens, New York.[2]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Sweeney's first citation reads:

Serving on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge, at Hampton Roads, Va., 26 October 1881, Sweeney jumped overboard and assisted in saving from drowning a shipmate who had fallen overboard into a strongly running tide.[1]

His second citation:

Serving on board the U.S.S. Jamestown, at the Navy Yard New York, 20 December 1883, Sweeney rescued from drowning A. A. George, who had fallen overboard from that vessel.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Medal of Honor recipients - Interim Awards, 1871–1898". Medal of Honor citations. United States Army Center of Military History. August 5, 2010. Retrieved September 10, 2010. 
  2. ^ a b "Robert Augustus Sweeney". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. October 19, 2003. Retrieved September 10, 2010. 
  3. ^ Hunt, William H.; George B. White (November 1, 1881). "General Order, No. 276". General orders and circulars issued by the Navy Department (Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office) (1863–1887): 202–3. Retrieved September 10, 2010.