Robert Baldock

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For other people named Robert Baldock, see Robert Baldock (disambiguation).
Robert Baldock
D.C.L.
Lord Chancellor of England
In office
1323–1326
Monarch Edward II
Preceded by John Salmon
Succeeded by John Hotham
Lord Privy Seal of England
In office
1320–1323
Monarch Edward II
Preceded by Thomas Charlton
Succeeded by Robert Wodehouse
Archdeacon of Middlesex
In office
1315–1326
Monarch Edward II
Preceded by Richard Newport
Succeeded by Roger de Hales
Personal details
Died 28 May 1327
Newgate Prison
Nationality English
Religion Roman Catholic

Robert Baldock (or de Baldock; died 28 May 1327) was the Lord Privy Seal and Lord Chancellor of England, during the reign of King Edward II of England.

Career[edit]

He was archdeacon of Middlesex when he was named Lord Privy Seal on 27 January 1320; retaining the latter office until 8 July 1323.[1] Afterwards, he was named Lord Chancellor of England on 20 August 1323.[2]

He was elected Bishop of Norwich on 23 July 1325[3] but before consecration resigned the office on 3 September 1325 to avoid a collision between the pope and the king.[4]

In October 1326, Baldock was one of the small number of supporters who fled London with King Edward when Queen Isabella and Roger Mortimer invaded. He remained with the king and the Despensers, the king's particular favorites, in their flight across England to the Despensers' lands in Wales and was one of the last handful who attempted to cross to Ireland and failed.[5] He and the king remained fugitives until their hiding place was revealed. Baldock lost his offices and was imprisoned in November 1326.

Death[edit]

Unlike the Despensers, who suffered quick trials and executions, Baldock was a clergyman and so in February 1327 was sent to London for trial by fellow clergy.[4] He was placed under house arrest at Hereford Palace (the Bishop of Hereford's London residence).[6] But a mob broke into the house, severely beat him, and threw him into Newgate Prison, where he was murdered by some of the inmates.[7]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 93.
  2. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 86.
  3. ^ Fryde et al. 1986, p. 261.
  4. ^ a b Foss 1870, p. 51.
  5. ^ Mortimer 2010, p. 157.
  6. ^ Campbell 1870, p. 206.
  7. ^ Mortimer 2010, p. 162.

References[edit]


Political offices
Preceded by
Thomas Charlton
Lord Privy Seal of England
1320–1323
Succeeded by
Robert Wodehouse
Preceded by
John Salmon
Lord Chancellor of England
1323–1326
Succeeded by
John Hotham
Religious titles
Preceded by
Richard Newport
Archdeacon of Middlesex
1315–1326
Succeeded by
Roger de Hales
Preceded by
John Salmon
as Bishop of Norwich
Bishop-elect of Norwich
1325
Succeeded by
William Ayermin
as Bishop of Norwich