Robert Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury

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Robert Bruce
Earl of Ailesbury
Robert Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury by Henri Gascars.jpg
Reign 18 March 1664 - 20 October 1685
Spouse Diana Grey

Issue

  • Hon. Edward Bruce (1644/5 - 1662)
  • Thomas Bruce, 2nd Earl of Ailesbury
  • Hon. Henry Bruce (b. 1656?, d. young).
  • Lady Diana Bruce (d. 15 July 1672)
  • Mary Bruce (born 31 December 1657, buried 15 May 1711)
  • Lady Christian (or Christiana) Bruce (born 1658)
  • Lady Anne Bruce (1st Anne, b. ca. 1660, d. before 1717)
  • Hon. Robert Bruce (1st Robert?, d. 1652).
  • Hon. Charles Bruce (d. 1661).
  • Hon. Bernard (or Barnard) Bruce (b. 1666, d. 1669).
  • Arabella Bruce (d. young).
  • Anne Charlotte Bruce (2nd Anne, bur. 13 March 1713)
  • Henrietta Bruce; married Thomas Ogle.
  • Hon. Robert Bruce (2nd Robert?, d. 1728).
  • Hon. James Bruce (d. 1738).
  • Christian Bruce (1st Christian?, d. young).
  • Elizabeth Bruce (d. young).
Father Thomas Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin
Born ca. March 1626
Died 20 October 1685
Houghton House, Bedfordshire,

Robert Bruce, 1st Earl of Ailesbury and 2nd Earl of Elgin, PC, FRS (ca. March 1626 – 20 October 1685) was a British politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1660 to 1663 when he inherited his father's title as Earl of Elgin.

Life[edit]

Bruce was the son of Thomas Bruce, 1st Earl of Elgin. During his father's lifetime, Lord Bruce, as he was styled, was Member of Parliament for Bedfordshire in the Convention Parliament in 1660 and the Cavalier Parliament in 1661, until he succeeded to his father's titles in 1663.[1] The following year (18 March 1664) he was created Earl of Ailesbury, Viscount Bruce of Ampthill and Baron Bruce of Skelton for his services in procuring the English Restoration. He was Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire from 1660 with the Earl of Cleveland and solely from 1667 to his death.[2]

In October 1678, Lord Ailesbury was invested as a Privy Counsellor (PC) and a Gentleman of the Bedchamber. He was Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire and Hampshire from 1681 to his death. In 1685, he was invested as a Fellow of the Royal Society and Lord Chamberlain on 30 July 1685.[2]

Lord Ailesbury died in 1685, aged 58 at Houghton House, just north of Ampthill, Bedfordshire, and was buried on 26 October of that year, at Maulden. [2] His widow built Ampthill House nearby in 1686, originally as a dower house.

Marriage & progeny[edit]

Diana, Countess of Ailesbury, by Henri Gascar

Lord Bruce married Lady Diana Grey, daughter of Henry Grey, 1st Earl of Stamford, on 16 February 1645. They had seventeen children, nine of which seem to have survived to adulthood:

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

 Henderson, Thomas Finlayson (1886). "Bruce, Robert (d.1685)". In Stephen, Leslie. Dictionary of National Biography 7. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of England
Preceded by
Unknown
Member of Parliament for Bedfordshire
1660–1663
With: Samuel Browne 1660–1661
Sir Humphrey Winch, 1st Baronet 1661–1663
Succeeded by
Sir Humphrey Winch, 1st Baronet
Sir John Napier
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Earl of Bolingbroke
Custos Rotulorum of Bedfordshire
jointly with The Earl of Bolingbroke 1671–1681

1671–1685
Succeeded by
The Earl of Ailesbury
Preceded by
The Earl of Cleveland
Lord Lieutenant of Bedfordshire
jointly with The Earl of Cleveland 1660–1667

1660–1685
Preceded by
The Earl of Manchester
Lord Lieutenant of Huntingdonshire
(in the absence of The Earl of Sandwich)
1681–1685
Preceded by
The Lord Alington
Lord Lieutenant of Cambridgeshire
(in the absence of The Earl of Sandwich)
1685
Vacant
Title next held by
The Lord Dover
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Arlington
Lord Chamberlain
1685
Succeeded by
The Earl of Mulgrave
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by
Thomas Bruce
Earl of Elgin
1663–1685
Succeeded by
Thomas Bruce
Peerage of England
New title Earl of Ailesbury
1664–1685
Succeeded by
Thomas Bruce