Robert Cockburn

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Robert Cockburn
Bishop of Dunkeld
Church Roman Catholic Church
See Diocese of Dunkeld
In office 1524–1526
Predecessor Gavin Douglas
Successor George Crichton
Orders
Consecration Translated from Ross
27 April 1514
Personal details
Born 1400s
Died Dunkeld (?), 1526
Previous post Bishop of Ross (1507–1524)
Parson of Dunbar

Robert Cockburn (died 1526) was a 16th-century Scottish diplomat and cleric.

Robert Cockburn was the third son of William Cockburn of Skirling and Cessford and Marion daughter of Lord Crichton of Sanquhar.[1]

Cockburn was a university graduate, and appears for the first time in 1501 when he was presented to James IV of Scotland for the position of parson of Dunbar, being styled "Master Robert Cockburn, dean of Rouen".[2] Cockburn was later praised for his skill in the Latin language.[3]

He became Bishop of Ross in 1507, by which time he was holding the position of Chancellor of the diocese of Dunkeld.[4] He had received crown nomination to the bishopric on either March or May, and was provided to the see on 9 July.[5] Cockburn was a chaplain to Louis XII of France and acted as a diplomat for James IV of Scotland. On 10 July 1507, Louis asked Cockburn to request 4,000 Scottish troops to assist in the defence of the French possession, the Duchy of Milan. In October James replied that he would send military support if warned in advance, and Cockburn was instructed to discuss another project. This was probably the Scottish king's plans for a crusade. Cockburn carried similar messages in 1512, in the crisis that culminated for Scotland in the Battle of Flodden[6]

Robert spent most of 1515 in France as an ambassador for the government of King James V of Scotland (still a minor).[2] In May 1517 he was sent to France with Patrick Paniter to re-negotiate the Auld Alliance. This negotiation lead to Treaty of Rouen.[7] In 1524, he was in England as one of three ambassadors sent by the Scottish government to agree a truce.[3] It was in that year, on 27 April, that Robert was translated to the bishopric of Dunkeld.[8]

Robert became friends with Cardinal Wolsey, and wrote to him in February 1525 describing the political situation in Scotland. Regent Albany, having left Scotland for France, was still influential and his Dunbar Castle strongly fortified, while Cockburn's ride to England had brought him enemies. In May he addressed a short note to the English ambassador Dr Thomas Magnus, as "my hertly gud frend and broder."[9]

He was Bishop of Dunkeld for only two years, dying on 12 April 1526.[10] He was buried in the choir of Dunkeld Cathedral.[3]

Platonic circle[edit]

A letter by Robert, as Bishop of Ross, in recommendation of Symphorien Champier, a doctor of medicine at Lyon and the personal physician of Antoine, Duke of Lorraine, was published in the compendium Que in hoc opusculo habentur: Duellum Epistolare, et, Item Complures Illustrium Virorum Epistolae ad Symphorianum Camperium, Venice/Lyons (1519). The book discusses the French rights to the Duchy of Milan, the object of the requests for military aid carried by Cockburn.[11] Symphorien also printed a catalogue of his humanist friends across Europe including John Liddel a Scottish philosopher, Patrick the Scottish physician of Anne of France, and the printer Jodocus Badius who would publish Hector Boece's History of the Scottish People.[12]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Cockburn-Hood, Thomas H., The House of Cockburn of that Ilk, Edinburgh (1888), p.228
  2. ^ a b Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, p. 224.
  3. ^ a b c Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, p. 86.
  4. ^ Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, pp. 112, 269
  5. ^ Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, p. 224; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 269
  6. ^ The Letters of James IV, SHS (1953), xliii-xliv, no. 140
  7. ^ Wood, Marguerite, ed., Flodden Papers, SHS (1933), pp.123-140.
  8. ^ Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, pp. 99, 269.
  9. ^ Letters & Papers Henry VIII, vol.4 (1875), no.1129, 1313
  10. ^ Dowden, Bishops of Scotland, p. 224; Watt, Fasti Ecclesiae, p. 99
  11. ^ Que in hoc opusculo habentur: Duellum Epistolare, et, Item Complures Illustrium Virorum Epistolae ad Symphorianum Camperium, Venice/Lyons (1519)
  12. ^ Broadie, Alexander, in The Renaissance in Scotland, Brill (1994) p.82, citing Durkan, John, 'Robert Cockburn, bishop of Ross and French humanism', Innes Review, iv, (1953), 121-2.

References[edit]

  • Dowden, John, The Bishops of Scotland, ed. J. Maitland Thomson, (Glasgow, 1912)
  • Watt, D.E.R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969)
Religious titles
Preceded by
John Fraser
Bishop of Ross
1507–1524
Succeeded by
James Hay
Preceded by
Gavin Douglas
Bishop of Dunkeld
1524–1526
Succeeded by
George Crichton