Robert Cohen (acting theorist)
Robert Cohen (born 1938) is an American university professor, theatre director, playwright, and drama critic. He has written many books on theatre, two dramatic anthologies and many plays, among other works. Cohen has conducted advanced teaching residencies in numerous countries and much of the United States. He has been a professor of Drama at the University of California, Irvine since 1965 and now holds the position of Claire Trevor Professor of Drama at that institution. He has been called a Master Teacher by the Voice and Speech Trainers Association, has been praised as a "walking theatre directory and encyclopedia" by fellow teachers, The Association for Theatre in Higher Education awarded Cohen the Career Achievement Award in 1999.
Robert Cohen was born in 1938 in Washington, D.C. His theatrical education began as an undergraduate student at Dartmouth College and UC Berkeley. He earned his doctorate in fine arts in 1965 at the Yale School of Drama. Soon after, Cohen joined the charter faculty of the new campus at the University of California, Irvine, where he served as the campus's founding departmental chair of drama for twenty-five years, and is now a Bren Fellow and the Claire Trevor Professor of Drama. Cohen is an accomplished director, scholar, drama critic, and theorist, and his approach to stage acting, which employs a system he refers to as "GOTE," has been acknowledged as one of the most widely used approaches to stage acting in use today. Cohen resides in Laguna Beach, California with his wife Lorna. They have two children, Michael and Whitney.
Cohen has directed twelve classical productions at the Utah and Colorado Shakespeare Festivals and over ninety stage productions at his Irvine campus and other theatres; his work includes classics like "King Lear," "Macbeth," and "Twelfth Night"; his own translations of "Tibi’s Law," "The Misanthrope," "Carmen," "The Magic Flute," and "Pedro Gynt"; and a variety of American musicals including "My Fair Lady," "Oklahoma!," "Sweeney Todd," and "Kiss Me, Kate."
In 2006, Cohen directed the premiere of his play Machiavelli: The Art of Terror at the Hayworth Theatre in Los Angeles (photo, left).
Five of Cohen's productions have been seen abroad, in Australia, Romania, Poland and the Czech Republic; two of these, written by Bryan Reynolds, have been with the Transversal Theater Company, a Dutch-American experimental theatre group:
"Railroad" at the Sibiu International Theatre Festival, Romania and The National Theatre, Cluj, Romania, May–June 2006;
"Blue Shade" at Teatr Lalek, Wrocław, Poland; Teatr Modjeska, Legnica, Poland; Teatr 77, Łódź, Poland; Divadlo DISK, Academy of Performing Arts (DAMU), Prague, Czech Republic, May–June 2007; Teatrul Mic, 17th Annual National Theatre Festival, Bucharest, Romania, November 2007.
As a writer, Cohen published the leading theatre texts, Acting One, Acting Two and Acting Power, Acting Professionally: Raw Facts about Careers in Acting, which are used in colleges, universities, and conservatories around the world and have been translated into Hungarian, Romanian, Finnish Estonian, Chinese and Korean. His texts explain and demonstrate a system of acting and theatre analysis called GOTE, as well as presenting a series of theatre exercises ranging from beginner to advanced. Cohen's Theatre, now in its tenth edition, has become one of the leading texts on the history of world theatre. Reviewing this book, the "Revue d'histoire du theatre" noted that: "[The Theatre] was written in a very clear fashion and an elegant and compelling style,… makes for a document that should be found in every library."
Cohen's other books include Jean Giraudoux: Three Faces of Destiny, a study of the French playwright; Working Together in Theatre: Collaboration and Leadership, More Power To You; Theatre, and more than two dozen journal articles and two hundred play reviews. Most of his reviews are in the London-published Plays International, while his essays have appeared in Theatre Journal, Theatre Topics, Theatre Forum, Theatre Survey, Modern Drama, Theater der Zeit, Essays in Theatre, On Stage Studies, "The Drama Review, "Contemporary Literature, "Contemporary Literary Criticism, "Slavic and East European Performance, Experiment and Innovation, Dramatics, Alternatives Théâtrales, and Dramatic Theory and Criticism.
Cohen's play, "Machiavelli: the art of terror" (formerly The Prince), published by Dramatic Publishing Company and in Romania and the U.K., has been professionally produced in Long Beach, Pittsburgh, the Madach Theatre in Budapest and the National Romanian Theatre in Cluj, and in staged readings in New York and Los Angeles; his "The Moebius Strip" premiered at the National Romanian Theatre in Cluj in 2013. His dramatic translations (The Bourgeois Gentleman, The Misanthrope, Clizia, Tibi's Law) and opera translations (The Magic Flute," "Carmen) have been both produced and published widely.
International Reputation as Lecturer
Internationally, Cohen has lectured and/or conducted multi-day “Acting Power” residencies at the Theatre Academy of Bucharest (Romania), the Korean National University for the Arts (Seoul), the Shanghai Theatre Academy (China), the University of Ghana (Legon), the National Theatre of Ghana (Accra), the Hungarian National Theatre and Film Academy (Budapest), the Hong Kong Academy for the Performing Arts, the Hong Kong Repertory Theatre, the Queensland Institute of Technology (Brisbane, Australia), the Sibiu International Theatre Festival (Romania), the Estonian Theatre Union (Tallinn), Teatterikorkeakoulu (the Finnish National Theatre Academy, Helsinki), the University of Jyvaskala (Finland), the University of Tampere (Finland), the University of Costa Rica (San Jose), the Pécs National Theatre (Hungary), the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (Pécs), the International Amateur Theatre Association (headquartered in Copenhagen, event took place in Tampere, Finland), the Association of British Columbia Drama Educators (Vancouver), the National Theatre of Cluj (Romania), the Babes-Bolyai University (Romania), the International Stanislavskij Symposium (Stockholm), and the Royal Dramatic Theatre (Stockholm).
In the United States, Cohen has given keynote speeches at six national and regional acting conferences, and conducted invited multi-day acting residencies at the Actors’ Center (New York City), the Alliance Theatre Conservatory (Atlanta), the Coconut Grove Playhouse (Miami), the Royal Shakespeare Company festival at Davison College (North Carolina), plus national conferences of the Association for Theatre in Higher Education and the American Alliance for Theatre in Education and regional conferences of the Northwest, Southwest, New England, Texas, South Carolina, and Georgia theatre conferences – along with more than two dozen colleges and universities.
The methods that Cohen developed in his ground-breaking approach to the training of the actor are represented by the word "GOTE." Cohen's GOTE Sheet consists of four elements of acting, each represented by a letter in the acronym "GOTE":
- Goal (of the character)
- Other - other people (that stand in the way of the character's goal)
- Tactics (that the character employs)
- Expectations (that the character has)
Robert Cohen’s unique approach to stage acting has become one of the most widely used in America today.
- Abraham and Isaac in Jerusalem (2010)
- Machiavelli: the art of terror (formerly The Prince) (2004)
- The Moebius Strip (2013)
- Tibi's Law
- The Misanthrope
- Pedro Gynt
- The Bourgeois Gentleman
- The Plaie Called Corpus Christi: The Beginnings
- The Magic Flute
Cohen has published scholarly articles in the following:
- Theatre Journal
- Theatre Topics
- Theatre Forum
- Theatre Survey
- Alternative Théâtrales
- Contemporary Literary Criticism
- Modern Drama
- Theater der Zeit
- Essays in Theatre
- On Stage Studies
- The Drama Review
- Contemporary Literature
- Slavic and East European Performance
- Experiment and Innovation
- Journal of Dramatic Theory and Criticism
- Acting Professionally: Raw Facts about Careers in Acting
- Acting One
- Acting Two (formerly Advanced Acting)
- Acting Power
- Acting Power: the 21st Century Edition
- Acting in Shakespeare
- More Power to You
- Dramatic Anthologies
- Creative Play Direction
- Giraudoux: Three Faces of Destiny
- Working Together in Theatre: Collaboration and Leadership
- Voice and Speech Trainers Association Newsletter, Spring, 2000.
- John Jamiel, Associate Professor, Wagner College and winner of an Acting Fellowship from the Kennedy Center American College Theatre Festival, 2001, quoted at http://www.kennedy-center.org/education/actf/actfjohn.html.
- Los Angeles Times, June 4, 1994, page 1.
- Revue d'histoire du theatre, March, 2002.
- Robert Cohen : Teaching Philosophy
- Los Angeles Times, June 4, 1994, p. 1
- Robert Cohen Drama
- Guide to the Robert Cohen Papers. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California.
- Guide to the Robert Cohen Collection on Jerzy Grotowski. Special Collections and Archives, The UC Irvine Libraries, Irvine, California.