||This biographical article needs additional citations for verification. (January 2011)|
Robert Lawson Craft (born October 20, 1923) is an American conductor and writer. He is best known for his intimate working friendship with Igor Stravinsky, a relationship which resulted in numerous recordings and books.
Craft was born in Kingston, New York to Raymond and Arpha Craft and studied music at the Juilliard School. He became particularly interested in early music and the music of Claudio Monteverdi, Don Carlo Gesulado, and Heinrich Schütz, and in contemporary music by the composers of the Second Viennese School and others.
Craft met Stravinsky in 1948, and from then until the composer's death in 1971, Craft continued to work alongside Stravinsky in a variety of roles. A relationship that started out with Craft in a rather modest role eventually evolved into a full artistic partnership. Craft compiled the libretti for Stravinsky's The Flood and A Sermon, a Narrative and a Prayer, and lived with Igor and Vera Stravinsky in Hollywood and later in New York City. Craft remained close to the composer's widow until her death in 1982.
After Stravinsky’s death, Craft continued to concertize and to write. His 2002 book, An Improbable Life, details his life before, during, and after his friendship with Stravinsky. The memoir elaborates on the impact that Igor Stravinsky had on his life.
Craft married Stravinsky's longtime nurse, Rita Christiansen, and is the father of one son, Robert Alexander Craft, who lives in Copenhagen. Late in life he made a second marriage, to Alva Rodriquez Minoff (a real estate salesperson).
Craft collaborated with Stravinsky on a series of books that covered various musical and non-musical subjects: Conversations with Igor Stravinsky (N.Y., 1959); Memories and Commentaries (N.Y., 1960); Expositions and Developments (N.Y., 1962); Dialogues and a Diary (N.Y., 1963); Themes and Episodes (N.Y., 1967); Retrospectives and Conclusions (N.Y., 1969). They include transcribed conversations between the two men, interviews culled from various published sources, essays, diary entries, and the like, all with the professed aim of presenting Stravinsky's views on music and culture. There has been a great deal of controversy as to whether or not the books actually reflect Stravinsky's ideas; many feel that Craft's influence on the material is so strong as to make it impossible to determine how much of the material truly represents Stravinsky's views.
Craft is an award-winning conductor who has led most of the major orchestras in the United States: (New York, Philadelphia, Chicago, Cleveland, San Francisco, Los Angeles, St. Louis, and Minneapolis), as well as international engagements in Canada, Europe, Russia, Japan, Korea, Mexico, South America, Australia, and New Zealand. He is the first American to have conducted Alban Berg's Wozzeck and Lulu. Craft also led the world premieres of Stravinsky's later masterpieces; Vom Himmel hoch, Agon, The Flood, Abraham and Isaac, Variations, Introitus, and Requiem Canticles.
Besides recording virtually all of Stravinsky's music, Craft has conducted pioneering recordings of Schoenberg, Varèse, Webern and other works of then contemporary composers. While not a flamboyant conductor, Craft is known for his technically and musically precise interpretations. Robert Craft is a two-time recipient of the Grand Prix du Disque, as well as the Edison Prize for his recordings of music by Varèse and Stravinsky. His recordings of the music of Stravinsky with the Orchestra of St. Luke's were originally available on eleven now out-of-print releases from MusicMasters and seven volumes from Koch. Since early 2005, these recordings have been gradually re-released by Naxos Records.
Craft has his own legacy. He has remained in a vanguard position in relation to 20th-century art music throughout his life as a conductor and musicologist. Besides working closely with one of the greats from the 20th century, Craft has produced volumes of academic and personal writings on Stravinsky and on other composers.
In 2002, Robert Craft was awarded the International Prix du Disque at the Cannes Music Festival.
Robert Craft’s publications include:
- Prejudices in Disguise (N.Y., 1974)
- Stravinsky in Pictures and Documents (with Vera Stravinsky; N.Y., 1978)
- Current Convictions: Views and Reviews (N. Y., 1977)
- Present Perspectives (N.Y., 1984)
- Stravinsky: Glimpses of a Life (N.Y., 1992)
- Stravinsky: Chronicle of a Friendship (Nashville, 1994)
- Down a Path of Wonder (Norfolk, UK, 2006)
He also translated and edited Stravinsky, Selected Correspondence (3 vols., N.Y., 1982, 1984, 1985).
- Craft, Robert. 2002. An Improbable Life: Memoirs. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press. ISBN 0-8265-1381-6.
- Craft, Robert. 2013. Stravinsky: Discoveries and Memories. Naxos Books. ISBN 978-1-843797-53-1