Robert Darnton

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Robert Darnton
RobertDarnton.jpg
Robert Darnton in 2006
Born (1939-05-10) May 10, 1939 (age 75)
New York City
Occupation Historian, Librarian
Subjects Cultural History, 18th Century France, History of the Book
Notable work(s) The Great Cat Massacre
Relative(s) Byron Darnton
John Darnton

Robert Darnton (born May 10, 1939) is an American cultural historian and academic librarian who specialized in 18th-century France.

Life[edit]

He graduated from Harvard University in 1960, attended Oxford University on a Rhodes scholarship, and earned a Ph.D. (D. Phil.) in history from Oxford in 1964, where he studied with Richard Cobb, among others. He worked as reporter at The New York Times from 1964 to 1965. Joining the Princeton University faculty in 1968, he was appointed Shelby Cullom Davis Professor of European History and was awarded a MacArthur Fellowship in 1982. He served as President of the American Historical Association in 1999.[1]

On July 1, 2007, he transferred to emeritus status at Princeton, and was appointed Carl H. Pforzheimer University Professor and director of the Harvard University Library, succeeding Sidney Verba.[2]

In 1983 he delivered the Huizinga Lecture in Leiden, the Netherlands, under the title The Meaning of Mother Goose.

Darnton is a pioneer in the field of the history of the book. He is writing about electronic publishing. He is founder of the Gutenberg-e program, sponsored by Mellon Foundation.

Darnton is a trustee of the New York Public Library.[3]

Awards and honors[edit]

His first major prize was the Leo Gershoy Award for The Business of Enlightenment in 1979. He has also received the National Book Critics Circle Award for criticism for The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Pre-Revolutionary France (New York: W.W. Norton, 1996).

In 1999 he was named a Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur, an award given by the French government, in recognition of his work. In 2004 he was awarded the Gutenberg prize by the International Gutenberg Society.

In 2005 he received an award for distinguished achievement from the American Printing History Association.[4]

On 13 February 2012 he was awarded the National Humanities Medal 2011 by President Barack Obama, for his determination to make knowledge accessible to everyone.

In 2013 he was awarded the Prix mondial Cino Del Duca lifetime achievement award.[5]

Family[edit]

His brother is the retired New York Times editor and author John Darnton, and his father was the war correspondent Byron Darnton.

Works[edit]

  • Mesmerism and the End of the Enlightenment in France. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1995 [1968]. ISBN 0-674-56950-4. 
  • "In Search of the Enlightenment: Recent Attempts to Create a Social History of Ideas," The Journal of Modern History Vol. 43, No. 1, March 1971
  • The Business of Enlightenment: A Publishing History of the Encyclopédie, 1775-1800. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press. 1987 [1979]. ISBN 0-674-08786-0. 
  • The Literary Underground of the Old Regime. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 1982. ISBN 0-674-53656-8. 
  • The Great Cat Massacre and Other Episodes in French Cultural History. New York: Basic Books. 1984. ISBN 0-465-02700-8. 
  • Coauthored with Daniel Roche: Revolution in Print: the Press in France 1775-1800. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1989. ISBN 0-520-06430-5. 
  • The Kiss of Lamourette: Reflections in Cultural History. New York, NY: W. W. Norton. 1990. ISBN 0-393-02753-8. 
  • Edition et sédition. L'univers de la littérature clandestine au XVIIIe siècle (in French). Paris: Gallimard. 1991. ISBN 2-07-072212-0. 
  • Berlin Journal, 1989-1990. New York, NY: W. W. Norton. 1993 [1991]. ISBN 978-0-393-31018-4. 
  • Coauthored with Marie-Alyx Revellat: Gens de lettres, gens du livre (in French). Paris: O. Jacob. 1992. ISBN 2-7381-0162-3. 
  • The Forbidden Best-Sellers of Prerevolutionary France. New York: Norton. 1996. ISBN 0-393-31442-1. 
  • The Corpus of Clandestine Literature in France, 1769-1789. New York, NY: W. W. Norton. 1995. ISBN 0-393-03745-2. 
  • George Washington's False Teeth: An Unconventional Guide to the Eighteenth Century. New York, NY: W. W. Norton. 2003. ISBN 0-393-05760-7. 
  • The Case for Books: Past, Present, and Future. New York: NY Public Affairs. 2009. ISBN 978-1-58648-826-0. 
  • The Devil in the Holy Water, or the Art of Slander from Louis XIV to Napoleon. Philadelphia, PA: Univ. of Pennsylvania Press. 2009. ISBN 978-0-8122-4183-9. 
  • Poetry and the Police: Communication Networks in Eighteenth-Century Paris. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press. 2010. ISBN 978-0-674-05715-9. 
  • Censors at Work: How States Shaped Literature. New York, NY: W. W. Norton. 2014. ISBN 978-0-393-24229-4. 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Darnton; Liz Townsend; Robert Townsend (2000). "AHA Presidential Addresses: Robert Darnton, 1999". American Historical ASsociation. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  2. ^ Princeton's Robert Darnton To Succeed Verba as Harvard Library Director - 5/25/2007 - Library Journal
  3. ^ Taylor, Kate. "Amherst President is Expected to Be Named Chief of the New York Public Library," New York Times. October 6, 2010.
  4. ^ Books reveal volumes about times past, Jennifer Greenstein Altmann, Princeton Weekly Bulletin, 28 March 2005.
  5. ^ "Robert Darnton Awarded Prix Mondial Cino Del Duca". Lib.harvard.edu. Harvard University Library. 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 

External links[edit]