Robert Duff (politician)

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The Right Honourable
Sir Robert Duff
GCMG, PC
Governor Duff.jpg
18th Governor of New South Wales
In office
29 May 1893 – 15 March 1895
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by The Earl of Jersey
Succeeded by The Viscount Hampden
Personal details
Born 8 May 1835 (1835-05-08)
Fetteresso Castle, Stonehaven, Kincardineshire
Died 15 Mar 1895 (1895-03-16)
Nationality British

Sir Robert William Duff, GCMG, PC (8 May 1835 – 15 March 1895) was a Scottish Liberal Party politician who sat in the House of Commons from 1861 to 1893 and was Governor of New South Wales from 1893 to 1895.

Early life[edit]

Duff was born at Fetteresso Castle, Stonehaven, Kincardineshire, son of Arthur Duff (grandson of Robert Duff) and his wife Elizabeth Innes, daughter of John Innes of Kincardine. He was educated at Blackheath School, London. He entered the Royal Navy in 1848, and was made a commander in 1865. He was a Deputy Lieutenant and J.P. for Banffshire (from April 1894[1]) and Kincardineshire.[2] In 1871, he married Louisa Scott and they had seven children: Helen, Robert W., Arthur, Heather, Isabel, Dorothy and Patrick.[3][4]

Political career[edit]

Duff served as Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Banffshire from 1861–93.[5] He joined Robert Lowe as one of the Adullamites opposing the parliamentary Reform Bill of 1866, which led to the Reform Act 1867. He was a junior Lord of the Treasury and Liberal whip from 1882–5, and Civil Lord of the Admiralty in 1886. He was appointed a Privy Counsellor in 1892.[3]

Governor of New South Wales[edit]

Arrival of Governor Sir Robert Duff, Circular Quay, Sydney, June 1893

Duff was appointed Governor of New South Wales in March 1893 and was subsequently awarded the GCMG. He reached Sydney to take up his duties on 29 May 1893.

His term of office was chiefly marked by his permitting the premier, Sir George Dibbs, to obtain the prorogation of parliament on 8 December 1893, after that minister had incurred a vote of censure. In July 1894, after his ministry had failed to carry the general election, Dibbs desired Duff to nominate several persons to the legislative council on his recommendation. Duff declined to accede to his wish on the ground that the ministry had been condemned by the colony, and in consequence Dibbs and his colleagues resigned.[6]

In February 1895, he became ill while visiting Hobart and returned to Government House in Sydney, where he died of multiple hepatic abscesses and septicaemia on 15 March. He was interred in Waverley Cemetery. He is the only NSW Governor to have died in Office.[3]

Freemasonry[edit]

He was a freemason. During his term as Governor (1893-1895), he was also Grand Master of the Grand Lodge of New South Wales.[7]

Family[edit]

On 21 February 1871, Duff married Louisa, youngest daughter of Sir William Scott, ninth bart. of Ancrum in Roxburghshire. By her he had three sons, the eldest Robert William, and four daughters.[6]

References[edit]

Attribution

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainCarlyle, Edward Irving (1901). "Duff, Robert William". In Sidney Lee. Dictionary of National Biography, 1901 supplement​. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Lachlan Duff Gordon-Duff
Member of Parliament for Banffshire
1861–1893
Succeeded by
Sir William Wedderburn
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Jersey
Governor of New South Wales
1893–1895
Succeeded by
The Viscount Hampden