Robert Elliott Speer
He was born at Huntingdon, Pa., graduated from Phillips Academy in 1886 and from Princeton in 1889, and studied at Princeton Theological Seminary in 1890-91. In 1891 he was appointed secretary of the American Presbyterian Mission. He visited missions in Persia, India, China, Korea, and Japan in 1896-97, and in South America in 1909 and later made similar tours. In Princeton he was greatly influenced by Arthur Tappan Pierson. Under his leadership the foreign missions of the Presbyterian church became remarkably successful. Although he published two articles in the The Fundamentals, he is often considered a liberal because he sided with the Presbyterian Church (USA) and opposed John Gresham Machen during the anti-liberal/modernist controversies of the 1930s.
Including some of his inspirational books, he published:
- The Man Christ Jesus (1896)
- A Memorial of a True Life: Biography of H. M. Beaver (1898)
- The Man Paul (1900)
- Presbyterian Foreign Missions (1901)
- Missionary Principles and Practice (1902)
- The Principles of Jesus (1902)
- A Memorial of Horace Tracy Pitkin (1903)
- Young Man's Questions (1903)
- Missions and Modern History (two volumes, 1904)
- The Marks of a Man (1907)
- Christianity and the Nations (1910)
- The Light of the World (1911)
- South American Problems (1912)
- Studies of Missionary Leadership (1914)
- John's Gospel (1915)
- The Stuff of Manhood (1917)
- The Christian Man the Church and the War (1918)
- The Gospel and the New World (1919)
- A Missionary Pioneer in the Far East (1922)
- Seeking the Mind of Christ (1926)
- The Unity of the Americas (1926)
- Some Living Issues (1930)
- The Finality of Jesus Christ (1933)
- Five Minutes a Day (1943)
- George Bowen of Bombay (1938)
- 19th Century Protestant Missions in China
- List of Protestant missionaries in China
- Christianity in China
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (July 2013)|
- Lefferts A. Loetscher (1974). "Speer, Robert Elliott". Dictionary of American Biography. Supplement Four 1946-1950. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons.
- Chapter 28 "God in Christ the Only Revelation of the Fatherhood of God" (originally, Chapter III Volume III, pp.61-75) and Chapter 54 "Foreign Missions, or World-Wide Evangelism" (originally, Chapter IV Volume ?, pp.64-84
- 1933 Book review
- Machen-Speer Debate–Historic Event in Presbyterian Church Christianity Today 3.12 (Mid-April 1933): 19-2
- Piper, John (2000). Robert E. Speer: Prophet of the American Church. Louisville: Geneva Press.
- "Religion: Robert E. Speer". Time Magazine. March 3, 1924.
- Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Speer, Robert Elliot". Encyclopedia Americana.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1916). "Speer, Robert Elliott". New International Encyclopedia 21 (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. p. 380.
The Rev. William Oxley Thompson
|Moderator of the 139th General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America
The Rev. Hugh Kelso Walker