Robert F. Kelley (1894 February 13, Somerville, Massachusetts – 1976) was an adamantly anti-Communist official of the U. S. State Department who influenced a generation of Russian specialists such as George F. Kennan. He received a B. A. from Harvard in 1915, a Master of Arts in 1917, and continued with postgraduate work at the University of Paris (Sorbonne). Kelley served in the U. S. Army during World War I and in the years immediately after the war. In 1922 he joined the State Department, and, in 1926, became the head of the newly created Division of Eastern European Affairs. Kelley left the State Department in 1945 to join a private organization that eventually sponsored Radio Liberty, an anti-Soviet broadcasting service.