Robert G. Heft
|Robert G. Heft|
Robert G. Heft on December 5, 2009, seven days before his death.
January 19, 1941|
Saginaw, Michigan, U.S.
|Died||December 12, 2009
Saginaw, Michigan, U.S.
Cause of death
|Known for||Designer of the 50-star flag|
Robert G. "Bob" Heft (January 19, 1941 – December 12, 2009), born in Saginaw, Michigan, was the designer of the current American 50-star flag as well as a designer of a submitted 51-star flag proposal. He spent his childhood in Lancaster, Ohio, where he created the American flag as a school project.
After graduating from college, Heft became a high school teacher and later a college professor, and he also served as mayor of Napoleon, Ohio, for 28 years. After retiring from teaching, he became a motivational speaker. Heft was a longtime-member of the Harvey Spaulding Toastmasters club in Saginaw where he earned the nickname "Father Time" as he often filled the role of timer during meetings. While he was seen as one of their own, other members of the club were always honored when Heft would deliver a speech at a meeting.
Flag design and adoption
Heft designed the current U.S. flag in 1958 while living with his grandparents. He was 17 years old at the time and did the flag design as a high school class project. He un-stitched the blue field from a family 48-star flag, sewed in a new field, and used iron-on white fabric to add 100 hand-cut stars, 50 on each side of the blue canton.
Heft originally received a B- for the project. After discussing the grade with his high school teacher, Stanley Pratt, it was agreed that if the flag was accepted by the United States Congress, the grade would be reconsidered. Heft's flag design was chosen and adopted by presidential proclamation after Alaska and before Hawaii were admitted into the union in 1959. According to Heft, his teacher honored their agreement and changed his grade to an A for the project.
When Alaska and Hawaii were being considered for statehood, more than 1,500 designs were spontaneously submitted to President Dwight D. Eisenhower by Americans. Although some of them were 49-star versions, the vast majority were 50-star proposals. At least three, and probably more, of these designs were identical to Heft's adopted design of the 50-star flag. Archived in the Eisenhower Presidential Center in Abilene, Kansas, only a small fraction of the proposed designs have ever been published.
On December 12, 2009, Heft died from a heart attack at Covenant Medical Center at the age of 68.
- Social Security Death Index
- Leepson, Marc, Flag: An American Biography (Thomas Dunne Books, 2005)
- Rasmussen, Frederick N. "A half-century ago, new 50-star American flag debuted in Baltimore," The Baltimore Sun, Saturday, July 3, 2010.
- Hooker, Lisa R. (1988). "History Writing Samples". The Write Words, Ltd. Retrieved January 1, 2014.
- Barber, Barrie (December 17, 2009). "Hats Off to Saginaw flag designer who gave America 50 stars". MLive.
- Designer of America's current flag, by Jim Sielicki (UPI), The Exchange, July–August 1988.
- Who Created the First US Flag of 50 Stars?
- Story Corps oral history of the creation of the 50 star flag in the words of Robert G. Heft.
- Who Knew? - Video on the American Flag mentioning Bob Heft as designer of the modern American Flag.