Robert Gillespie Reid
Sir Robert Gillespie Reid (October 12, 1842, Coupar Angus, Perthshire, Scotland – June 3, 1908) was a Scottish railway contractor most famous for building large railway bridges in Canada and the United States. Founder of Reid Newfoundland Company, from 1889 until his death, he built, owned, and operated the Newfoundland Railway.
When a young man he spent a few years in Australia mining gold, and in 1871 he settled in North America, where he began his career as a contractor. He built one section of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and was responsible for the erection of the international bridge over the Niagara River, the international railway bridge over the Rio Grande and the Lachine bridge over the St. Lawrence.
Reid brought his business ventures to Newfoundland in 1889. In 1893, he signed a contract with the government of Newfoundland, and as president of the Reid Newfoundland Company he built the railway from Whitbourne to Port aux Basques. The contract specified he work the line for ten years. In return he received a large grant of land.
In 1898, he further contracted to work all the railways in Newfoundland for fifty years on condition that at the end of this time they should become his property. This bargain, which included other matters such as steamers, docks and telegraphs, was extraordinarily favourable to Reid, who, by further enormous grants of land, became one of the largest landed proprietors in the world. Public opinion was aroused against the deal, and at first the governor, Herbert Murray, refused to ratify it. 
After the premier, James Spearman Winter, had been replaced by Robert Bond, the terms of the contract were revised, being made more favourable to Newfoundland, and Reid's interests were transferred to a company, the Reid Newfoundland Company, of which he was the first president. The Reid Newfoundland Company owned and operated the Whitbourne to Port aux Basques railway for 33 years and also ran the coastal boat and telegraph services on the island. Reid was knighted in 1907.
There is a $3,500 Robert Gillespie Reid Memorial Scholarship available for Memorial University of Newfoundland.
- Sir Robert Gillespie Reid, National Historic Sites and Monuments Board of Canada plaque installed at Newfoundland Railway station in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador.
- Harding, Les. The Newfoundland Railway 1898 - 1969. A History. McFarland, 2008. ISBN 978-0-7864-3261-5
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Reid, Sir Robert Gillespie". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Reid, Sir Robert Gillespie", Biography at Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online
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