Robert Guy Scully
Robert Guy Scully (born 1950) is a Canadian television producer, interviewer and host, and a former journalist. He started as a TV broadcaster with the French "la Société Radio-Canada" (SRC) in Québec, and subsequently also joined the Canadian English language network, Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC). He has hosted the following programs: Bibliotheca, Scully RDI, Venture, Scully rencontre, Impacts and The Innovators. He also produced the vignettes known as Heritage Minutes. He currently hosts an independent talk program distributed by American Public Television (APT).
Origins in journalism
Robert Scully was born in 1950, in Ottawa, Canada—of Irish and French ancestry. Coincidentally, the surname Scully is derived from the Irish name "O'Scolaidhe," meaning either "descendant of the storyteller," who was a regular official at the courts of the old Irish kings, or "descendant of the scholar," from the Gaelic 'scolaidhe' or ‘scholar’. Scully grew up in the working-class district of Hochelaga-Maisonneuve in Montreal, and was educated at McGill University.
Encouraged by Claude Ryan to pursue journalism at the age of 19 years, Scully learned the ropes of journalism at Le Devoir, first as Latin American correspondent. He even landed an interview with Salvador Allende. At the age of 21, he became the literary and arts editor at Le Devoir, the youngest journalist ever to hold that job. In 1975 he moved to the United States and wrote columns from New York and Louisiana for both The Gazette and La Presse.
In 1977, as a print journalist, Scully was accused of harboring anti-Quebec sentiment in the wake of a caustic article he wrote in the Washington Post that railed against what he viewed as a backward, empty Quebec society (as viewed from the world outside Quebec). The very well written article used exaggeration for effect, and some of the subtlety and insight might have been lost to Quebec readers whose grasp of English and of the use of caricature as a literary tool was limited. He apologized five days later on the French program Ce Soir for having offended some people with his article, claiming that the article had been written for an American (i.e. "not a Quebec") readership, primarily to stir up discussion over the Quebec issue in America. Shortly thereafter, Scully strangely confided to a journalist from La Presse that he was a separatist (or at least had "indépendantiste" leanings)—as he had actually voted for the Parti Québécois around that time—and insisted that his sentiments had been misconstrued. In 1978, however, he co-wrote a book with the leader of the Quebec Liberal Party, Claude Ryan, about the history of the Quebec independence movement, just two years before the first Quebec referendum on sovereignty. In that referendum, Ryan successfully campaigned for the "No" (federalist) forces and won against the separatist forces in Quebec.
Television in two languages
In 1982 Scully was working in radio at Radio-Canada and by 1984, he was hosting the French TV program Impacts, also at Radio-Canada. In 1987, Scully took over from Patrick Watson as the host of the new CBC business program Venture. In 1988, the show was honored with a Gemini Award for Best Information Program or Series; also in 1988, Scully twice won the Quebec equivalent of the award, the Gemeaux Award, for his work on Impacts. Venture again won a Gemini Award in 1996 (Academy of Canadian Cinema and Television), for Best News Information Program or Series. In 1997, Dianne Buckner took over as host of the business news and current affairs program, which lasted for another 10 years, before it was cut from the CBC-TV lineup. In 1998, Scully was nominated for a Gemeaux Award in the category "Best Host of an Information Series or Special" – for Le monde de Gabrielle Roy (Scully RDI).
Scully is listed as a Producer of a TV mini-series, Les Beaux Dimanches - Maurice Richard: Histoire d'un Canadien, a 4 hour compilation of archive footage and dramatic scenes, which was first broadcast in October 1999 (Beautiful Sundays: The Maurice Rocket Richard Story [Canada: English title]). It won the 2000 Gemeaux Award for Best Biographical Documentary, 6 months after Maurice Richard’s death at the age of 78. It has since been tarnished, however, by association with the anti-corruption inquiry of the Gomery Commission (2004 to 2005; also refer below).
Voluntary departure from CBC and 'journalism'
In 2000, Scully quit the CBC, after it was discovered that the Canada Information Office had been the major source of funding for one of his programs, Canada du Millénaire, and that the federal government (Department of Canadian Heritage) had channeled funds through a private foundation to support the vignettes called Heritage Minutes.[fn 1] By leaving 'journalism', Scully was able to spend more time on his cable television program Scully: The World Show, which first aired on November 5, 1983 ('Guy' Fawkes Day), and which he still hosts. Although distributed by an American public broadcasting network, the show is produced in Montreal, QC. Scully is considered an erudite bilingual former journalist, who even speaks French in the passé simple tense. His melodious delivery as a broadcaster sounds so natural, that he is allowed to get away with stylish language and obsolete expressions that would sound pompous, coming from someone else. Scully is proficient not only in English and French, but also in Spanish and German.
Funding of "Maurice Richard" series investigated by Gomery Commission
In the February 2004 report that prefaced the Gomery Commission, Auditor General Sheila Fraser said the Sponsorship Program created in 1997 by the Jean Chrétien government was designed to generate commissions for private companies—while hiding the source of the funding—rather than to provide any benefit for Canadians. One of the offenders, Canada Post, was asked why it paid $1,625,000 to a production company, L'Information essentielle Inc. to produce a television series on Maurice Richard, despite the fact that no contract was signed and there was no documentation provided to show how the corporation would benefit. Robert Scully was part owner and the executive producer of L'Information essentielle Inc. In another instance of questionable money transfers, Fraser's audit showed that Via Rail Canada Inc. was used by Lafleur Communication Marketing to handle the transfer of nearly $1 million towards the same television series on Maurice Richard, using what the auditor general called a "fictitious contract." Via was reimbursed all but $160,000 of the money; of that, Lafleur kept $112,500 as an agency commission.
Although Scully was not personally involved with the Sponsorship Scandal, his testimony as a witness, during the inquiry known as the Gomery Commission, did reveal his role in selling federalism, a role which did not endear him to the Quebec media.
Parodies of Scully
Comedians have tried to imitate Scully's interviewing style, with some success, both in French and in English: on Royal Canadian Air Farce, Paul Martin (guest) once appeared on a spoof of Venture when he was Minister of Finance and threatened to audit Scully (played by Don Ferguson) when he tried to hand-deliver his tax return to save on postage (aired on Political Hot Shots - Friday, November 12, 1999). Known at the time as Royal Canadian Air Farce, when the show first appeared weekly on TV, it frequently parodied Scully starting with the 7th episode in November, 1993.
- Quotes from Kevin Michael Grace:
- "Robert Scully is a perfect exemplar of the New Canadian Man. The 50-year-old broadcaster is an anglophone to the anglophones and (as Robert-Guy Scully) a francophone to the francophones. His downfall proves that the 1960s' dream of a bilingual, bicultural Canada is as far from reality as ever." (extract)
- "Mr. Scully is somewhat known in English Canada as the former host of CBC's Venture. But he is famous in Quebec, where his interviews draw huge audiences. Until last month he was exceptionally busy, hosting two shows on RDI, the French Newsworld, and shows on TV5, the French international channel, and America's PBS. On June 8 he hosted a somewhat unusual program, a live satellite broadcast from Rome where he made the peculiar announcement of his retirement from 'journalism'—but not from broadcasting. 'I return the title to those who wish to take it from me,' Mr. Scully declared." (extract)
- Qui fait ce mea-culpa?. Archives of Radio-Canada. 22 April 1977. Retrieved 10 Feb 2011. (Ed Note: This video clip may not work the first time; refresh the page if a 404 error appears.)
- Heritage Minutes. Retrieved 10 Feb 2011.
- Celtic surnames from trades or occupations. Retrieved 15 Feb 2011.
- The Scully Surname. Ancestry.ca - Retrieved 15 Feb 2011.
- Hustak, Alan. (1989, February 10). "Scully does double duty - as TV host in two languages." The Gazette, p. C9. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from Canadian Newsstand Major Dailies. (Document ID: 162279911)
- The Irish in Quebec - General Facts. Canadian Irish Studies Foundation. Retrieved 8 Feb 2011.
- Carr, Dianna. (1989, August 1). "Scully and the constant suit; The uniform may change little, but what's holding up the pants is, well, daring". The Gazette, p. C3. Retrieved February 10, 2011, from Canadian Newsstand Major Dailies. (Document ID: 162366091).
- Scully : une machine bien rodée. (Nathalie Collard). Fédération professionnelle des journalistes du Québec. July–August, 2000. Retrieved 11 Feb 2011.
- "Quebecer tells what it means to be French in Canada." (Scully, Robert). Reprinted in The Lethbridge Herald, May 9, 1977.
- Lisée, Jean-François (1990). In the Eye of the Eagle. HarperCollins Canada. pp. 164–166. ISBN 0-00-637636-3.
- Ryan, Claude; Scully, Robert Guy (January 1978). Une Société Stable. Montreal, QC: Éditions Héritage. ISBN 0-7773-3815-7.
- Claude Ryan leads 'No' side to victory. CBC Archives, May 21, 1980. Retrieved 11 Feb 2011.
- In 1988, two Prix Gémeaux Galas were held in the same year, 10 months apart—the 2nd edition on February 7 and the 3rd edition on December 18.
- Canada's Awards Database. Retrieved 10 Feb 2011.
- Prix Gémeaux 1988 (Scully is in Photo #4).
- Venture cut, new programs introduced to CBC-TV lineup. Retrieved 7 Feb 2011.
- Maurice Richard: Histoire d'un Canadien. Retrieved 7 Feb 2011.
- Sponsorship inquiry told producer given extra fee. Retrieved 7 Feb 2011.
- "Broadcaster, not a journalist: Bilingual star Robert Scully quits the CBC after the source of his program funding is exposed." (Kevin Michael Grace). Alberta Report 27.6 (July 24, 2000): p36.
- Robert Guy Scully quitte le journalisme (in French)
- Scully resigns from Radio Canada. Retrieved 7 Feb 2011.
- Scully - The World Show XIII. American Public Television, Connecticut Public Broadcasting Inc. (presenter). Contract period: 04/30/2010-04/29/2012 . Retrieved 8 Feb 2011.
- Le Culte des “Mots-Liens”: An Aberration!. Lyne des Roberts, August 8, 2008. Retrieved 7 Feb 2011.
- Indepth: Sponsorship scandal (Who's Who: Companies). CBC News Online, February 17, 2004. Retrieved 9 Feb 2011.
- "Michaelle Jean's defining moment." Duff, Jim. The Suburban, August 20, 2005. Retrieved 7 Feb 2011.
- Bye Bye 88 - Mère Théresa. Retrieved 8 Feb 2011.
- Season 1 Episode Guide. AirFarce.com - Retrieved 8 Feb 2011.
- Archives of Scully's programs on the French CBC are available at SRC - Robert-Guy Scully.
- "Max Ward sells Wardair" - Venture, Jan. 22, 1989. Host: Robert Scully (Reporter: Linda Sims).
- Grand plans for more hydro power. (1988) Host: Robert Scully (includes interview with Premier Bourassa of Québec)
- Scully présente le disque compact (1984) - in French
- Books that Scully has published are listed here at AbeBooks.co.uk.
- Original transcripts (in French) of the testimony of Robert Guy Scully, as a witness for the Commission of Inquiry into the Sponsorship Program and Advertising Activities. These transcripts cover two days, December 13 & 14, 2004.