These vessels were all originally laid down as Allen M. Sumner classdestroyers and converted during construction throughout 1944. In that time the United States produced 12 Robert H. Smith class destroyer minelayers. None of the Robert H. Smith class vessels ever laid a mine in wartime, though they were frequently employed in minesweeping. Minelayers did not carry torpedo tubes. Otherwise they were used interchangeably with other destroyer types.