Robert Hale Ives Goddard

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This article is about the politician and industrialist. For the linguist, see Ives Goddard.
Robert Hale Ives Goddard (1837-1916)

Robert Hale Ives Goddard (1837–1916) was a prominent banker, industrialist, U.S. Army officer, state senator and philanthropist.

Biography[edit]

He was born in Providence, Rhode Island on September 21, 1837 to William Giles Goddard and Charlotte Rhoda Ives Goddard. He graduated from Brown University with a Bachelor of Arts degree. On January 26, 1870, Goddard married Rebekah Burnet Groesbeck of Cincinnati, Ohio,[1] and they had three children: William Groebeck Goddard, Madeleine Ives Goddard, and Robert Hale Ives Goddard, Jr.[2]

Civil War Service[edit]

Goddard served with distinction in the Union Army during the Civil War. He enlisted as a private in the 1st Rhode Island Detached Militia (aka. 1st Rhode Island Volunteer Infantry) on April 17, 1861 and was mustered out at the end of the regiment's term of service on August 2, 1861.

Goddard was commissioned as a lieutenant on September 11, 1862 and served as an aide-de-camp to General Ambrose Burnside. During the war he fought at the battles of Fredericksburg, Cumberland Gap, Blue Springs and Campbell Station, at the sieges of Knoxville and Petersburg, and was present for Lee’s surrender at Appomattox. He was promoted to the rank of captain on March 11, 1863 and received brevets (honorary promotions) to major and lieutenant colonel for gallantry and meritorious service during the siege of Knoxville, Tennessee and the assault before Fort Sedgwick, Virginia.

Goddard resigned from the Army at the end of the war on July 3, 1865. Goddard was elected a Companion of the Massachusetts Commandery of the Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States (MOLLUS), a social and patriotic organization for officers who had served in the Union armed forces during the Civil War.

His brother, William Goddard, also served in the Civil War as a major in the 1st Rhode Island Infantry. William Goddard was breveted to the rank of colonel for meritorious service during the war and, like his brother, was a member of the Loyal Legion.

After the war, Robert H.I. Goddard served as military aide, with the rank of colonel, to four governors from 1874 to 1883. In 1874 he was elected commander of the Providence Light Infantry - a chartered militia unit whose membership was from the leading families of Providence.

Post war career[edit]

After the war Goddard was engaged in textile manufacturing as president of the Goddard Brothers Company, known as Goddard Mills in Lonsdale, Rhode Island. He was a long serving director of the Rhode Island Hospital Trust Company and owned a controlling interest in the Providence and Worcester Railroad.

Goddard served in the Rhode Island Senate as an Independent from 1907 to 1908, as a member of the finance committee and as chairman of the education committee. He had political roots in the Republican Party but was well known as the leader of the Lincoln Party in Rhode Island, a short-lived anti-corruption movement in opposition to prominent politician Charles R. Brayton. He was a staunch supporter of Rhode Island Governor James H. Higgins, a notable political reformer.

He unsuccessfully ran for a seat in the United States Senate in 1907 as a Democrat in a three-way race against Samuel P. Colt and veteran Republican Senator George P. Wetmore.

Goddard died in Providence on April 23, 1916.[3]

Legacy[edit]

Goddard's 489.2-acre (1.980 km2) estate in the Potowomut neighborhood of Warwick, Rhode Island was deeded to the State of Rhode Island in 1927 by the Goddard family. It is now the grounds of the Goddard Memorial State Park[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Mrs. Robert Hale Ives Goddard". New York Times, July 3, 1914. 3 July 1914. Retrieved 16 July 2009. 
  2. ^ Cutter, William Richard. (1915) New England Families: Genealogical and Memorial, Volume IV. Lewis Historical Publishing, New York.
  3. ^ "Col. R.H.I. Goddard Found Dead in Bed; Noted Manufacturer and Reform Leader Suffered Heart Attack in His Providence Home". New York Times April 24, 1916. 24 April 1916. Retrieved 15 July 2009. 
  4. ^ "Goddard Memorial State Park History". State of Rhode Island. Retrieved 16 July 2009.