Robert Hartig

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Robert Hartig
Robert Hartig
Robert Hartig, from the book by Otto Dittmar et al. Adam Schwappach. Ein Forstwissenschaftler und sein Erbe. Hanstedt 2001, S. 47
Born 30 May 1839
Braunschweig
Died 9 October 1901
Munich
Nationality German
Known for Hartig net
Author abbrev. (botany) R.Hartig
Teachers of the school of forestry in Neustadt-Eberswalde around 1868 (from left): Robert Hartig (with Peter Danckelmann in his arms), unknown, Julius Theodor Christian Ratzeburg, Bernhard Danckelmann, Adolf Remelé, Wilhelm Schneider and Wilhelm Schütze

Robert Hartig (born: Heinrich Julius Adolph Robert Hartig, 30 May 1839, in Braunschweig - died 9 October 1901, in Munich) was a German forestry scientist and mycologist.

Biography[edit]

He was educated at the Collegium Carolinum of Braunschweig, and at Berlin. In 1878 he was appointed professor of botany at Munich. Hartig made significant contributions to knowledge of vegetable pathology. Prior to his investigations on the progressive stages of disease in trees, little or nothing had been done in this area, so that Hartig may be considered the founder of arboreal pathology.[1]

He worked in Aschaffenburg and Munich with Ernst Münch (1876–1946) in forest pathology. He described the Hartig net, a hyphal network that extends into the plant root.

Works[edit]

  • Die Unterscheidungsmerkmale der wichtigern in Deutschland wachsenden HölzerMünchen 1883. 2. Aufl. (3d ed. 1890)
  • Lehrbuch der Baumkrankheiten, Berlin 1882. (2d ed. 1889; Eng. trans. by W. Somerville and H. Marshall Ward as Diseases of Trees, 1894[2]) This work reviews the development of the study of vegetable pathology; the causes of vegetable disease; the injuries induced by such plants as cryptogams, fungi, and phanerogams; wounds; and diseases due to conditions of the soil.
  • Die Zersetzungserscheinungen des Holzes der Nadelholzbäume und der Eiche, Berlin 1878. Initiated the modern era of understanding of wood decay.
  • Vergleichende Untersuchungen über den Wachstumsgang und Ertrag der Rotbuche und Eiche im Spessart, die Kiefer in Pommern, die Weißtanne im Schwarzwald, Stuttgart 1865.
  • Die Rentabilität der Fichtennutzholz- und Buchenbrennholzwirtschaft im Harz und Wesergebirge, Stuttgart 1868
  • Vorläufige Mitteilung über den Parasitismus von Agaricus melleus und dessen Rhizomorphen, Botanische Zeitung 1873.
  • Wichtige Krankheilen der Waldbäume, Beiträge zur Mykologie und Phytopathologie, Berlin 1874.
  • Die durch Pilze erzeugten Krankheiten, Breslau 1875. 2. Aufl.
  • Der Wurzelpilz des Weinstockes, Berlin 1883.
  • Die Zerstörungen des Bauholzes, (Band 1: Der Hausschwamm. Berlin 1885
  • Das Holz der deutschen Nadelbäume, Berlin 1885.

Family[edit]

He was the son of Theodor Hartig (1805–1880) and grandson of Georg Ludwig Hartig (1764–1837).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^  One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainGilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "Hartig, Robert". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead. 
  2. ^  Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hartig, Georg Ludwig". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  3. ^ "Author Query for 'R.Hartig'". International Plant Names Index.