Robert Holcot

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Robert Holcot, OP, [1] (c.1290-1349) was an English Dominican scholastic philosopher, theologian and influential Biblical scholar. He was born in Holcot, Northamptonshire. A follower of William of Ockham, he was nicknamed the Doctor firmus et indefatigabilis. He made important contributions to semantics, the debate over God’s knowledge of future contingents, discussions of predestination, grace, and merit, and philosophical theology more generally.[2]

Modern interest in Holcot has been limited. His influence in the late Middle Ages, however, was clearly great, as is evidenced by the number of fourteenth- and fifteenth-century manuscripts of his work that have survived. For example, there exist 48 manuscripts of Holcot’s questions on the Sentences (compared to 36 manuscripts of William of Ockham’s Sentences commentary). [3] More impressive are the 175 manuscripts of his commentary on the Book of Wisdom (Lectiones super librum Sapientiae), [4] a work that has been identified as a prime literary source for Chaucer's Nun's Priest's Tale.[5] Holcot was still read in the sixteenth-century when the Parisian theologian, Jacques Almain, wrote a work engaging Holcot's opinions. The commentary on the Book of Wisdom was printed in 1480, and, subsequently, went through many editions. An edition of the questions on the Sentences was printed at Lyon in 1497, although it contained a cover letter stating that the manuscripts used to produce this edition were disorderly and unreliable. Unfortunately, this remains the only edition of Holcot’s Sentences available today. [6]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Holgot, Holkot, Holcott, Robertus or Ropertus, Robertus Haldecotus
  2. ^ Thomas Williams, ‘Transmission and Translation’, in AS McGrade, ed, The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy, (Cambridge: CUP, 2003), p337.
  3. ^ Thomas Williams, ‘Transmission and Translation’, in AS McGrade, ed, The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy, (Cambridge: CUP, 2003), p337.
  4. ^ Thomas Williams, ‘Transmission and Translation’, in AS McGrade, ed, The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy, (Cambridge: CUP, 2003), p337.
  5. ^ See [1] and references given there.
  6. ^ Thomas Williams, ‘Transmission and Translation’, in AS McGrade, ed, The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy, (Cambridge: CUP, 2003), p337.

Further reading[edit]

  • Super sapientiam Salomonis. Konrad Winters, Köln nicht nach 1476 digital
  • Robert Holcot, Exploring the Boundaries of Reason: Three Questions on the Nature of God, edited by Hester Goodenough Gelber, Toronto: Pontifical Institute of Mediaeval Studies, 1983.
  • P Streveler and K Tachau, eds, Seeing the Future Clearly: Questions on Future Contingents by Robert Holcot, (Toronto, 1995).
  • L Kennedy, The Philosophy of Robert Holcot, Fourteenth-Century Skeptic, (Lewiston, NY, 1993).
  • Fritz Hoffman, Die Theologische Methode des Oxforder Dominikanerlehrers Robert Holcot, Münster: Aschendorff, 1972.
  • Paolo Molteni, Roberto Holcot, O.P.: Dottrina della Grazia e della Giustificazione, Pinerolo: Alzani, 1968.
  • Heiko Oberman, The Harvest of Medieval Theology: Gabriel Biel and Late Medieval Nominalism, Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2001.
  • Heiko Oberman, 'Facientibus quod in se est Deus non denegat Gratiam: Robert Holcot, O.P. and the Beginnings of Luther's Theology', Harvard Theological Review, Vol. 55, No. 4 (Oct., 1962), pp. 317–342
  • Thomas Williams, 'Transmission and Translation', in AS McGrade, ed, The Cambridge Companion to Medieval Philosophy, (Cambridge: CUP, 2003)

Further reading[edit]

John L. Farthing (1988), Thomas Aquinas and Gabriel Biel: Images of St. Thomas Aquinas in German Nominalism on the Eve of the Reformation, Durham, NC: Duke.

External links[edit]