Robert H. Anderson

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Robert Houston Anderson)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Confederate officer in the same war. For the Union officer in the American Civil War, see Robert Anderson (Civil War). For other uses, see Robert Anderson (disambiguation).
Robert Houstoun Anderson
Robert Houstoun Anderson
Born (1835-10-01)October 1, 1835
Savannah, Georgia
Died February 8, 1888(1888-02-08) (aged 52)
Savannah, Georgia
Place of burial Bonaventure Cemetery, Savannah, Georgia
Allegiance United States United States of America
Confederate States of America Confederate States of America
Service/branch  United States Army
 Confederate States Army
Years of service 1857–1861 (USA)
1861–1865 (CSA)
Rank Union army 1st lt rank insignia.jpg First Lieutenant (USA)
Confederate States of America General-collar.svg Brigadier General (CSA)
Unit Army of Tennessee
Commands held 5th Georgia Cavalry

American Civil War

Other work U.S. Army officer, police chief, Board of Visitors US Military Academy at West Point

Robert Houstoun Anderson (October 1, 1835 – February 8, 1888) was a cavalry and artillery officer in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War.

Early life and career[edit]

Born in Savannah, Georgia, Anderson was educated in the local schools. He received an appointment to the United States Military Academy. After graduation in 1857, as a brevet second lieutenant, he was stationed in upstate New York. He later served as an infantry first lieutenant at Fort Walla Walla in the Washington Territory.[1]

Civil War service[edit]

In early 1861, shortly before the official secession of his home state, Anderson accepted an ACSA commission as a lieutenant in the artillery. In September of that year, he was promoted to major in the CSA. He was later appointed assistant adjutant general to Maj. Gen. W. H. T. Walker of the Georgia State militia, later seeing action at the Battle of Fort McAllister (1863) before his transfer to the frontlines as colonel of the 5th Georgia Cavalry.[1]

Commissioned a brigadier general on July 26, 1864, Anderson was attached to the Army of Tennessee as a cavalry officer during the Atlanta Campaign. After the death of commanding officer Brig. Gen. John H. Kelly near Franklin, Tennessee, Anderson assumed temporary command of the division before resuming his former position as brigade commander following the fall of Atlanta. He would later lead his brigade against advancing Union forces during Sherman's March to the Sea and the Carolinas Campaign before the collapse of the Confederacy in April 1865.[2]

Postbellum career[edit]

Bust of General Anderson, by Alexander Dole

Following the war, Anderson served as the police chief of Savannah, and was on the Board of Visitors for the US Military Academy at West Point helping reunite old friends, and helping reconciliation efforts. He died at the age of 52, and is still remembered with much affection by the Savannah Police Department. He is buried in Bonaventure Cemetery.[3]

See also[edit]



  • Linedecker, Clifford L., ed. Civil War, A-Z: The Complete Handbook of America's Bloodiest Conflict. New York: Ballantine Books, 2002. ISBN 0-89141-878-4.

External links[edit]