Robert I, Duke of Burgundy
|Robert I of Burgundy|
|Spouse(s)||Helie of Semur
|Noble family||House of Burgundy|
|Father||Robert II of France|
|Mother||Constance of Arles|
|Died||21 March 1076
Robert I of Burgundy, known as Robert the Old (ne: Robert le Vieux, 1011 – 21 March 1076) and "Tete-Hardi" was duke of Burgundy from 1032 to his death. Robert was son of King Robert II of France and brother of Henry I of France.
In 1025, with the death of his eldest brother Hugh Magnus, he and Henry rebelled against their father and defeated him, forcing him back to Paris. In 1031, after the death of his father the king, Robert participated in a rebellion against his brother, in which he was supported by his mother, Constance of Arles. Peace was only achieved when Robert was given Burgundy (1032).
Throughout his reign, he was little more than a robber baron who had no control over his own vassals, whose estates he often plundered, especially those of the Church. He seized the income of the diocese of Autun and the wine of the canons of Dijon. He burgled the abbey of St-Germain at Auxerre. In 1055, he repudiated his wife, Helie of Semur, and assassinated her brother Joceran and murdered her father, his father-in-law, Lord Dalmace I of Semur, with his own hands. In that same year, the bishop of Langres, Harduoin, refused to dedicate the church of Sennecy so as not "to be exposed to the violence of the duke."
- Hugh (1034–1059), killed in battle
- Henry (1035–ca.1074). He died shortly before his father, thus making his son Robert's heir. By a wife perhaps from Barcelona, he had children:Hugh I, Duke of Burgundy (1057–1093); Odo I, Duke of Burgundy (1058–1103); Robert, bishop of Langres (1059–1111); Helie, a nun (b. 1061); Beatrice (b. 1063), married Guy I, count of Vignory; Reginald, abbot of St Pierre (1065–1092); Henry, Count of Portugal (1066–1112), who became a vassal of León and ruler of the county of Portugal in 1093 - his son would be Afonso Henriques, first king of Portugal
- Robert (1040–1113), poisoned; married Violante of Sicily, daughter of Roger I of Sicily
- Simon (1045–1087)
- Constance (1046–1093), married Alfonso VI of León and Castile
|Ancestors of Robert I, Duke of Burgundy|
- Kings, Rulers, and Statesmen, ed. Mark Hillary Hansen, (Sterling Publishing Co., 2005), 111.
- Elizabeth Hallam, Capetian France:987-1328, (Longman Group Ltd., 1980), 30.
- Burgundy, Constance B. Bouchard, Medieval France:An Encyclopedia, ed. William W. Kibler and Grover A. Zinn, (Routledge, 1995), 156.
- That Henry's his wife was named Sybil has been discredited. The Barcelona connection is hypothesized based on her son Odo's use of the byname Borel, a name found among earlier Counts of Barcelona.
- Georges Duby, The Knight, the Lady and the Priest, (University of Chicago Press, 1981), 90.
- Gwatking, H. M., Whitney, J. P., et al. Cambridge Medieval History: Volume III—Germany and the Western Empire. Cambridge University Press: London, 1930.
|Duke of Burgundy
1032 – 1076