Robert II, Count of Artois
|Robert II, Count of Artois|
Robert II, Count of Artois
|Spouse(s)||Amicie de Courtenay
Agnes of Dampierre
Margaret of Hainaut
|Noble family||House of Artois|
|Father||Robert I of Artois|
|Mother||Matilda of Brabant|
|Died||11 July 1302
Battle of the Golden Spurs, near Kortrijk
An experienced soldier, he took part in the Aragonese Crusade and attempted an invasion of Sicily in 1287. In 1288 Robert began work on a great park at Hesdin. The park contained a menagerie, aviaries, fishponds, orchards, an enclosed garden and facilities for tournaments. It also contained mechanical statues including waving monkeys draped in skins.
He defeated the Flemings in 1297 at the Battle of Furnes. He was again sent into Flanders in July 1302, where he began to ravage the countryside and attempted to take the town of Kortrijk. He then met the Flemish army at the Battle of the Golden Spurs. His infantry advanced with great success against the Flemings (mostly city militia), but he ordered their recall to allow his cavalry to make the final, victorious charge. But on the broken, marshy ground, his knights were unable to gain enough momentum to break the Flemish shieldwall, and they were knocked down and slaughtered. Robert led some of the reserves in a second charge in an attempt to reverse their fortunes, but was cut down by the Flemish infantry.
In 1262 in Paris Robert married Amicie de Courtenay (1250–1275), daughter of Pierre de Courtenay, Seigneur de Conches, a great-grandson of Louis VI, and Perronelle de Joigny. They had three children: Mahaut (1268–1329), Philip (1269–1298) and Robert (born 1271, died young). After Amicie's death, Robert married twice more: first, in 1277, to Agnes of Dampierre (1237–1288), heiress of Bourbon, and then, on 18 October 1298 to Margaret (died 1342), daughter of John II, Count of Hainaut. After Robert's death, his daughter Mahaut inherited Artois, but his grandson Robert III unsuccessfully tried to claim it.
- Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066-1399, (Heritage Books Inc., 2007), 197.
- Jordan, William Chester. "Count Robert’s "Pet" Wolf". Retrieved 18 July 2012.
- Housley, Norman, The later Crusades, 1274-1580: from Lyons to Alcazar, (Oxford University Press, 1992), 204.
- Landsberg, Sylvia (1995). The Medieval Garden. New York: Thames and Hudson. p. 22.
- Macdougall, Elisabeth B. Medieval Gardens. Google Books. Retrieved 19 July 2012.
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- Dunbabin, Jean, A hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the fourteenth-century church, (Oxford University Press, 1991), 178.
- Dunbabin, Jean, A hound of God: Pierre de la Palud and the fourteenth-century church, Oxford University Press, 1991.
- Funck-Brentano, Fr., The Middle Ages, WILLIAM HEINEMAW LTI.
- Housley, Norman, The later Crusades, 1274-1580: from Lyons to Alcazar, Oxford University Press, 1992.
- Leese, Thelma Anna, Blood royal: issue of the kings and queens of medieval England, 1066-1399, Heritage Books Inc., 2007.
Robert II, Count of ArtoisBorn: September 1250 Died: 11 July 1302
|Count of Artois
disputed by Robert III