Robert J. Bentley

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For other people named Robert Bentley, see Robert Bentley (disambiguation).
Robert Bentley
Robert Bentley.jpg
53rd Governor of Alabama
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 17, 2011
Lieutenant Kay Ivey
Preceded by Bob Riley
Member of the Alabama House of Representatives
from the 63rd district
In office
2002–2010
Preceded by Tim Parker
Succeeded by Bill Poole
Personal details
Born Robert Julian Bentley
(1943-02-03) February 3, 1943 (age 72)
Columbiana, Alabama, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Dianne Bentley
Children 4
Residence Governor's Mansion
Alma mater University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa
Religion Southern Baptist
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Air Force
Years of service 1969–1975
Rank US Air Force O3 shoulderboard rotated.svg Captain

Robert Julian Bentley (born February 3, 1943) is an American politician and medical doctor who is the 53rd and current Governor of Alabama.[1][2] A member of the Republican Party, Bentley was elected Governor in 2010 and was sworn in on January 17, 2011.

Born in Columbiana, Alabama, Bentley served in the United States Air Force as general medical officer at Pope Air Force Base in Fayetteville, North Carolina from 1969 to 1975, leaving with the rank of a Captain. He earned his M.D. from the University of Alabama School of Medicine before entering private practice and opening a series of dermatology clinics throughout the southern United States.

Bentley was elected to the Alabama House of Representatives in 2002 and served a total of two four-year terms from 2002 to 2010. After term-limited Governor Bob Riley could not seek reelection, Bentley announced his intentions to run for the Republican nomination for Governor. Bentley won in a seven candidate primary and faced Democrat Ron Sparks, the outgoing Alabama Commissioner of Agriculture, in the general election.[3] Bentley received just over 58% of the statewide vote and won by a margin of over 230,000 votes--the largest margin recorded for a Republican in an open-seat race in Alabama history. In 2014, Bentley won re-election, winning the largest percentage of the vote that any Republican gubernatorial candidate had received in modern Alabama history.

Early life, education, and Air Force service[edit]

Bentley is a native of Columbiana, Alabama, in Shelby County. His parents, Mattie Boyd (née Vick) and David Harford Bentley, did not complete school past junior high. Bentley's father was a sawmill worker who voted with the Populist Republicans, a splinter branch of the Republican Party formed by refugees of the state's defunct populist movement.[4] At one point, Bentley lived in a house with no electricity or running water.[4]

Bentley grew up in Columbiana, where he was a member of Shelby County High School's 1961 state championship debate team, and he became student body president in his senior year of high school.[5]

After graduating from Shelby County High School at the top of his class, Bentley enrolled at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. While at Alabama, Bentley majored in Chemistry and Biology and graduated with his Bachelor of Science degree in three years.[5]

From an early age, Robert Bentley wanted to become a physician. After graduating from UA, he began his studies at The University of Alabama School of Medicine. During his first year of medical school, he met Martha Dianne Jones of Montgomery. They were married on July 24, 1965. He graduated with his M.D. in 1968 and began his one year internship at Carraway Methodist Hospital in Birmingham.[6]

Bentley joined the United States Air Force in 1969 as a captain. He served as a general medical officer at Pope Air Force Base in Fayetteville, North Carolina. He served as an interim hospital commander for 90 days near the end of his tenure.

Dermatologist career[edit]

Following his military service, Bentley began a three-year residency at the University of Alabama in dermatology. He then opened his dermatology practice in Tuscaloosa. He founded a number of small businesses, the most successful of which is Alabama Dermatology Associates. As President of Alabama Dermatology Associates, Bentley managed the practice’s growth into one of the largest dermatology practices in the Southeastern United States.[6] Bentley is a board certified dermatologist, and he served two terms as President of the Alabama Dermatology Society. He has also been named to “Best Doctors in America,” selected by his peers.[5] Bentley is a member of the American Academy of Dermatology and the Medical Association of Alabama.

Alabama House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

In 1998, Bentley ran for the Alabama State Senate as a Republican against incumbent Democrat Phil Poole, losing by fifty-eight votes.[7]

In 2002 Bentley was elected to the Alabama State House of Representatives from Tuscaloosa County with almost 65% of the vote.[6] In 2006 Bentley ran unopposed for re-election to the State House.

Tenure[edit]

In the Alabama House of Representatives, Bentley made it a priority to train primary care health care providers and to increase organ donation. He is responsible for two major revisions of Alabama’s organ donor laws: one specific to corneas and the other reinforcing the rights of organ donors by making it difficult to challenge their decisions.[6]

Bentley helped establish the Alabama Medical Educational Consortium. His efforts included work on legislation to expand scholarships for medical training. Questions were raised by Sparks camp during the gubernatorial campaign as to whether Bentley's son, while in medical school, benefited from his father's involvement with the consortium.[8]

Bentley is opposed to increasing taxes. He has signed the No New Taxes Pledge by the Americans for Tax Reform.[9]

In April 2010, Bentley's self-drafted Reemployment Act of 2010 won unanimous approval in both houses of the Alabama State Legislature, and was signed by Governor Bob Riley on April 22.[10]

In 2008, Bentley was elected as a Republican Presidential Delegate for Mike Huckabee. At the Republican National Convention he represented Alabama on the Republican Platform Committee.[5][6]

Committee assignments[edit]

During his time in Montgomery he served on the Education Appropriations Committee, the Boards and Commissions Committee, the Agriculture and Forestry Committee, and was a member of the Tuscaloosa County Legislative Delegation. He also served as the Vice-Chairman of the Internal Affairs Committee.[11]

Governor of Alabama[edit]

2010 gubernatorial election[edit]

In the June 1, 2010 primary race, Bentley surprised political analysts by finishing second ahead of Tim James to reach a runoff election with Bradley Byrne.[12] One of James' supporters, former U.S. Representative Sonny Callahan, endorsed Bentley in the runoff.[13]

In the July 13 run-off election, Bentley defeated Byrne by a 56%-44% margin to claim the Republican nomination for Governor. [14]

Bentley has stated he does not approve of gambling in the State of Alabama, but supports a referendum for its citizens to vote on whether to approve its legality.[15]

2014 gubernatorial election[edit]

In the general election held on November 4, 2014, Bentley won re-election easily against Democratic candidate Parker Griffith, gathering almost twice the votes of his rival at 63% to 36%.[16] In 2014, Bentley won the largest percentage of the vote of any modern-day Republican governor in Alabama. Bentley won the largest percentage of the vote that any Republican gubernatorial candidate had received in modern Alabama history.[17]

Tenure[edit]

An analysis of Republican governors by Nate Silver of the New York Times in April 2013 ranked Bentley as the 16th most conservative governor in the country.[18]

Job creation[edit]

Bentley promised the people of Alabama that he would not accept a salary until the state unemployment level reached 5.2%. As of January 2015, Bentley has not accepted a gubernatorial salary.[19][20]

In a June 2013 analysis by The Business Journal looking at 45 of the country's 50 governors by their job creation record, Bentley was ranked at number 36 (tied). The five governors omitted from the analysis all assumed office in 2013. The ranking was based on a comparison of the annual private sector growth rate in all 50 states using data from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics.[21] According to his official website, in Bentley's first three years in office, Alabama gained nearly 60,000 jobs, and in addition, Governor Bentley had recruited over 55,000 new, future jobs.[20]

Illegal immigration[edit]

See also: Alabama HB 56

In June 2011, Bentley signed into law Alabama HB 56, an anti-illegal immigration law which was considered to be the toughest of such in the United States.[22][23]

On July 22, 2014, Bentley, along with several other Republican governors, sent a letter to President Barack Obama, expressing their concern about the handling of the 2014 illegal immigration surge crisis.[24]

Personal life[edit]

Bentley and wife Dianne have four sons and six granddaughters. He is an active member of First Baptist Church Tuscaloosa where he serves as a Deacon and Sunday School Teacher. At FBC Tuscaloosa, he has been the Chairman of the Board of Deacons four times and a member of the Youth for Christ Advisory Board as well as the Family Counseling Advisory Board. As governor, he serves on the Board of Trustees for the colleges and universities of Alabama. He is also on the Board of Trustees of the Alabama Medical Education Consortium, which he helped to found.[6] Bentley was the 2009 recipient of the Christian Coalition of Alabama’s Statesmanship Award.[25]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Michael Tomberlin (May 17, 2010). "Campaign 2010: Robert Bentley criss-crosses Alabama, focuses on meeting voters in bid to win governor's office". The Birmingham News. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  2. ^ The Associated Press (January 17, 2011). "Prepared text of Alabama Gov. Robert Bentley's inauguration speech". al.com. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  3. ^ The Associated Press (November 2, 2010). "Robert Bentley wins Alabama governor's race". The Birmingham News. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b Lockette, Tim (November 1, 2014). "Voters to Choose ‘Populist Republican’ or ‘Alabama Democrat’ Tuesday". The Anniston Star (Anniston, Alabama). Retrieved February 9, 2015. Bentley grew up the son of a sawmill worker, living at one point in a house with no electricity or running water. His father voted with the Populist Republicans, a splinter branch of the Republican Party formed by refugees of the state's defunct populist movement, which once tried to organize farmers and industrial workers around their own interests. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Robert Bentley for Governor 2010 - Biography". Robertbentley2010.com. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Robert J. Bentley Bio". Business Council of Alabama. Retrieved April 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ Short, Gail (January 2013). "From the Farmhouse to the Statehouse: Gov. Robert Bentley". Business Alabama. Retrieved March 6, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Montgomery Independent: Did Rep. Bentley funnel state aid to son's medical school education?". Montgomery Independent. October 29, 2010. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  9. ^ Huckabee, Mike (2010-06-29). "Blogs - Huck PAC Endorses Dr. Robert Bentley For Governor In Alabama". Huck PAC. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  10. ^ "Bentley’s Ala. jobs bill nears passage". TuscaloosaNews.com. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  11. ^ "Welcome to the Alabama State Legislature". State of Alabama. Retrieved 2010-08-29. 
  12. ^ Charles J. Dean (June 21, 2010). "Robert Bentley formally kicks off campaign in Alabama GOP governor's race". The Birmingham News. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Bentley and Byrne seek support of recent rivals". Montgomery Advertiser. June 21, 2010. 
  14. ^ Talbot, George. "Robert Bentley campaign leaned on AEA to defeat Bradley Byrne". AL.com. Retrieved 4 June 2014. 
  15. ^ The Associated Press (January 15, 2011). "Alabama gambling vote unlikely in first year, says Gov.-elect Robert Bentley". al.com. Retrieved April 30, 2011. 
  16. ^ "Alabama 2014 Gubernatorial Election". 
  17. ^ Rawls, Phillip - Associated Press (November 5, 2014) - "Robert Bentley Re-Elected Alabama Governor". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  18. ^ Silver, Nate (April 16, 2013) - "In State Governments, Signs of a Healthier G.O.P.". The New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  19. ^ Steve Flowers (August 16, 2013). "Alabama no longer elects “boy governors”". Gulf Coast News Today. Retrieved February 5, 2014. 
  20. ^ a b "About Governor Bentley". The Office of Alabama Governor. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  21. ^ Thomas, G. Scott (June 27, 2013) - "How State Governors Rank On Their Job-Growth Record". The Business Journals. Retrieved February 9, 2015.
  22. ^ Gargis, Peggy (June 9, 2011). "Alabama sets nation's toughest immigration law". Reuters. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  23. ^ Fausset, Richard (June 10, 2011). "Alabama enacts anti-illegal-immigration law described as nation's strictest". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 11, 2015. 
  24. ^ Chokshi, Niraj (July 23, 2014) - "At Least 32 Governors Have Weighed In On the Border Crisis. Here’s What Each Has Said". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 11, 2015.
  25. ^ "CCA ccanews". Ccalabama.org. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 

External links[edit]

Party political offices
Preceded by
Bob Riley
Republican nominee for Governor of Alabama
2010, 2014
Most recent
Political offices
Preceded by
Bob Riley
Governor of Alabama
2011–present
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Joe Biden
as Vice President
Order of Precedence of the United States
Within Alabama
Succeeded by
Mayor of city
in which event is held
Succeeded by
Otherwise John Boehner
as Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
Bruce Rauner
as Governor of Illinois
Order of Precedence of the United States
Outside Alabama
Succeeded by
Paul LePage
as Governor of Maine