Robert J. Shiller
|New Keynesian economics|
March 29, 1946 |
|Alma mater||Michigan (B.A. 1967)
MIT (Ph.D. 1972)
|Influences||John Maynard Keynes
|Influenced||John Y. Campbell
|Contributions||Irrational Exuberance, Case-Shiller index|
|Awards||Deutsche Bank Prize (2009)|
Robert James "Bob" Shiller (born March 29, 1946 is an American economist, academic, and best-selling author. He currently serves as the Arthur M. Okun Professor of Economics at Yale University and is a fellow at the Yale School of Management's International Center for Finance. Shiller has been a research associate of the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) since 1980, was Vice President of the American Economic Association in 2005, and President of the Eastern Economic Association for 2006-2007. He is also the co‑founder and chief economist of the investment management firm MacroMarkets LLC.
Shiller is ranked among the 100 most influential economists of the world. Thomson Reuters named him a contender for the 2012 Nobel Prize in Economics "for pioneering contributions to financial market volatility and the dynamics of asset prices".
Shiller received his B.A. from the University of Michigan in 1967, S.M. from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1968, and his Ph.D. from MIT in 1972 with thesis entitled Rational expectations and the structure of interest rates under the supervision of Franco Modigliani. He has taught at Yale since 1982 and previously held faculty positions at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania and the University of Minnesota, also giving frequent lectures at the London School of Economics. He has written on economic topics that range from behavioral finance to real estate to risk management, and has been co-organizer of NBER workshops on behavioral finance with Richard Thaler since 1991. His book Macro Markets won TIAA-CREF's first annual Paul A. Samuelson Award. He currently publishes a syndicated column.
In 1981 Shiller published an article in the American Economic Review titled "Do stock prices move too much to be justified by subsequent changes in dividends?" in which he challenged the efficient market hypothesis, which was the dominant view in the economics profession at the time. Shiller argued that in a rational stock market, investors would base stock prices on the expected receipt of future dividends, discounted to a present value. He examined the performance of the U.S. stock market since the 1920s, and considered the kinds of expectations of future dividends and discount rates that could justify the wide range of variation experienced in the stock market. Shiller concluded that the volatility of the stock market was greater than could plausibly be explained by any rational view of the future.
The behavioral finance school gained new credibility following the October 1987 stock market crash. Shiller's work included survey research that asked investors and stock traders what motivated them to make trades; the results further bolstered his hypothesis that these decisions are often driven by emotion instead of rational calculation. Much of this survey data has been gathered continuously since 1989, and is available at Yale's Investor Behavior Project.
In 1991 he formed Case Shiller Weiss with economists Karl Case and Allan Weiss. The company produced a repeat-sales index using home sales prices data from across the nation, studying home pricing trends. The index was developed by Shiller and Case when Case was studying unsustainable house pricing booms in Boston and Shiller was studying the behavioral aspects of economic bubbles. The repeat-sales index developed by Case and Shiller was later acquired and further developed by Fiserv and Standard & Poor, creating the Case-Shiller index.
His book Irrational Exuberance (2000) – a New York Times bestseller – warned that the stock market had become a bubble in March 2000 (the very height of the market top) which could lead to a sharp decline.
On CNBC's "How to Profit from the Real Estate Boom" in 2005, he noted that housing price rises could not outstrip inflation in the long term because, except for land restricted sites, house prices would tend toward building costs plus normal economic profit. Co‑panelist David Lereah disagreed. In February, Lereah had put out his book Are You Missing the Real Estate Boom? signaling the market top for housing prices. While Shiller repeated his precise timing again for another market bubble, because the general level of nationwide residential real estate prices do not reveal themselves until after a lag of about one year, people did not believe Shiller had called another top until late 2006 and early 2007.
In 2003 Shiller co-authored a Brookings Institution paper called "Is There a Bubble in the Housing Market?". Shiller subsequently refined his position in the 2nd edition of Irrational Exuberance (2005), acknowledging that “further rises in the [stock and housing] markets could lead, eventually, to even more significant declines… A long-run consequence could be a decline in consumer and business confidence, and another, possibly worldwide, recession. This extreme outcome … is not inevitable, but it is a much more serious risk than is widely acknowledged.” Writing in the Wall Street Journal in August 2006, Shiller again warned that "there is significant risk of a very bad period, with slow sales, slim commissions, falling prices, rising default and foreclosures, serious trouble in financial markets, and a possible recession sooner than most of us expected.” In September 2007, almost exactly one year before the collapse of Lehman Brothers, Shiller wrote an article in which he predicted an imminent collapse in the U.S. housing market, and subsequent financial panic.
Robert Shiller was awarded the Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics in 2009 for his pioneering research in the field of financial economics, relating to the dynamics of asset prices, such as fixed income, equities, and real estate, and their metrics. His work has been influential in the development of the theory as well as its implications for practice and policy making. His contributions on risk sharing, financial market volatility, bubbles and crises, have received widespread attention among academics, practitioners, and policymakers alike.[dead link] In 2010, he was named by Foreign Policy magazine to its list of top global thinkers.
In 2011, he made the Bloomberg 50 most influential people in global finance.
- Finance and the Good Society Robert J. Shiller, Princeton University Press (2012), ISBN 0-691-15488-0.
- Animal Spirits: How Human Psychology Drives the Economy, and Why It Matters for Global Capitalism George A. Akerlof and Robert J. Shiller, Princeton University Press (2009), ISBN 978-0-691-14233-6.
- The Subprime Solution: How Today's Global Financial Crisis Happened, and What to Do about It Robert J. Shiller, Princeton University Press (2008), ISBN 0-691-13929-6.
- The New Financial Order: Risk in the 21st Century, Robert J. Shiller, Princeton University Press (2003), ISBN 0-691-09172-2.
- Irrational Exuberance, Robert J Shiller, Princeton University Press (2000), ISBN 0-691-05062-7.
- Macro Markets: Creating Institutions for Managing Society's largest Economic Risks byRobert J. Shiller, Clarendon Press, New York: Oxford University Press (1993), ISBN 0-19-828782-8.
- Market Volatility, Robert J. Shiller, MIT Press (1990), ISBN 0-262-19290-X.
See also 
- 2008–2009 Keynesian resurgence
- Behavioral economics
- Case-Shiller index
- Herd behavior
- House price index
- Journal of Behavioral Finance
- Grove, Lloyd. "World According to ... Robert Shiller". Portfolio.com. Retrieved 2009-06-26.
- Blaug, Mark; Vane, Howard R. (2003). Who's who in economics (4 ed.). Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 1-84064-992-5.
- "The Closing: Robert Shiller". The Real Deal. November 1, 2007. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- "ICF Fellows". About. Yale University School of Management. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
- "Economist Rankings at IDEAS". University of Connecticut. Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- Pendlebury, David A. "Understanding Market Volatility". ScienceWatch < 2012 Predictions. Thomson Reuters. Retrieved 21 September 2012.
- Katie Benner (2009-07-07). "Bob Shiller didn't kill the housing market". CNNMoney.com. Retrieved 2009-07-07.
- ""No One Saw This Coming": Understanding Financial Crisis Through Accounting Models". Munich Personal RePEc Archive. Retrieved 2009-12-16.
- Shiller, Robert J. (September 17, 2007). "Bubble Trouble". Project Syndicate. Retrieved December 2, 2012.
- "The FP top 100 global thinkers". Foreign Policy Magazine. December 2010.
- Shiller, Robert (2005). Irrational Exuberance (2d ed.). Princeton University Press. ISBN 0-691-12335-7.
- "The 50 Most Influential People in Global Finance". Bloomberg.
- Robert J. Shiller's website at Yale University Economics Department
- Faculty profile at Yale School of Management
- Robert J. Shiller, 2009 winner of the Deutsche Bank Prize in Financial Economics
- IDEAS and EconPapers from Research Papers in Economics/RePEc
- Column archive at Project Syndicate
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Robert J. Shiller on Charlie Rose
- Robert J. Shiller at the Internet Movie Database
- Works by or about Robert J. Shiller in libraries (WorldCat catalog)
- Robert J. Shiller collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Robert J. Shiller collected news and commentary at The Wall Street Journal
- Stocks Revisited: Siegel and Shiller Debate
- Robert Shiller's Workshop in Behavioral Finance
- Robert Shiller research, Yale Economic Review, Fall 2005[dead link]
- The compelling Real DJIA, 1924–now
- Article on Robert J. Shiller (German language)
- Robert Shiller's interview on the housing crisis with The Politic
- Video conversation on the economy with Shiller and Robert Wright on Bloggingheads.tv.
- "Finance and the Good Society – Irreconcilable or Inseparable?" Presentation by Robert J. Shiller for the CFO Insight Magazine, August 2012
- Link to podcast lecture at London School of Economics on Sub Prime Crisis
- RSA Vision webcasts - Robert Shiller in conversation with Daniel Finkelstein on "How Human Psychology Drives the Economy"
- Interview with italian magazine House living and business
- Economic ratios maintained by Robert Shiller - P/E, Interest Rates, Divided Yields, Inflation, etc.