Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden

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The Right Honourable
The Earl of Roden
KP PC PC (I)
3rdEarlOfRoden.jpg
Treasurer of the Household
In office
March 1812 – 29 July 1812
Monarch George III
Prime Minister Hon. Spencer Perceval
The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Earl of Courtown
Succeeded by Lord Charles Bentinck
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
In office
28 July 1812 – 9 April 1827
Monarch George III
George IV
Prime Minister The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded by The Earl of Yarmouth
Succeeded by The Marquess of Graham
Personal details
Born 27 October 1788 (1788-10-27)
Died 20 March 1870 (1870-03-21)
Edinburgh, Scotland
Nationality British
Political party Tory
Spouse(s) (1) Hon. Maria Stapleton
(c. 1793-1861)
(2) Clementina Andrews
(d. 1903)

Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden KP, PC PC (I) (27 October 1788 – 20 March 1870), styled Viscount Jocelyn between 1797 and 1820, was an Irish Tory politician and supporter of Protestant causes.

Background[edit]

Jocelyn was the son of Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Earl of Roden, and Frances Theodosia, daughter of the Very Reverend Robert Bligh, Dean of Elphin.[1][2]

Political career[edit]

An ardent conservative, Jocelyn was Member of Parliament for County Louth from 1806 to 1807 and again from 1810 to 1820, when he succeeded his father in the earldom. In March 1812 he was sworn of the Privy Council[3] and appointed Treasurer of the Household under Spencer Perceval,[3] an office he retained when Lord Liverpool became Prime Minister in June 1812 after Perceval's assassination. In July 1812 he was made Vice-Chamberlain of the Household,[4] a post he held until the Liverpool administration fell in 1827.

In 1821 he was created Baron Clanbrassil, of Hyde Hall in the County of Hertford and Dundalk in the County of Louth,[5] in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, which entitled him to an automatic seat in the House of Lords. The same year, on 20 August 1821, he was also appointed a Knight of the Order of St Patrick.[6] In 1858 he was sworn of the Irish Privy Council.[7]

Supporter of Protestant causes[edit]

Despite Lord Roden's political career, he is best remembered for his strong support for Protestant causes in the north of Ireland and elsewhere. He supported religious societies such as the Hibernian Bible Society, the Sunday School Society, the Evangelical Alliance and the Protestant Orphan Society, and also conducted service in the private chapel at Tullymore Park, Castlewellan, County Down, his chief residence in Ireland. He was an important leader in the Orange Order, eventually rising to the rank of Grand Master.[1]

However, in 1849 a clash took part between Orangeman and Roman Catholics at Dolly's Brae, near Castlewellan, in which several people were killed after he had invited the Orangemen onto his estate and addressed them, urging them to "do their duty as loyal, Protestant men". A commission was set up to examine the event, and criticized Roden for his conduct. As a result of this he was removed from his position as a member of the Commission of the Peace.[1]

Family[edit]

Lord Roden was twice married. He married firstly the Hon. Maria Frances Catherine, daughter of Thomas Stapleton, 16th Baron le Despencer, on 9 January 1813. They had three sons and three daughters. His eldest son, Robert Jocelyn, Viscount Jocelyn, was also a politician, but predeceased his father. After Roden's first wife's death on 25 February 1861, he married secondly Clementina Janet, daughter of Thomas Andrews, of Greenknowes, and widow of Captain Robert Lushington Reilly, of Scarva, County Down, on 16 August 1862. They had no children. In later life Lord Roden spent time in Edinburgh, Scotland, in order to imrpove his health. He died there in March 1870, aged 81, and was succeeded in the earldom by his grandson, Robert, the son of Viscount Jocelyn. The Countess of Roden died on 9 July 1903.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d  Lee, Sidney, ed. (1892). "Jocelyn, Robert (1788-1870)". Dictionary of National Biography 29. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 
  2. ^ thepeerage.com Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden
  3. ^ a b The London Gazette: no. 16586. p. 561. 24 March 1812.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16632. p. 1579. 11 August 1812.
  5. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17724. p. 1461. 14 July 1821.
  6. ^ Rayment, Leigh. "Knights of the Order of St Patrick". Retrieved 2008-12-13. 
  7. ^ leighrayment.com Privy Counsellors - Ireland

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
John Foster
William Charles Fortescue
Member of Parliament for County Louth
1806–1807
With: John Foster
Succeeded by
John Foster
John Jocelyn
Preceded by
John Foster
John Jocelyn
Member of Parliament for County Louth
1810–1820
With: John Foster
Succeeded by
John Foster
John Jocelyn
Political offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Courtown
Treasurer of the Household
1812
Succeeded by
Lord Charles Bentinck
Preceded by
Earl of Yarmouth
Vice-Chamberlain of the Household
1812–1827
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Graham
Peerage of Ireland
Preceded by
Robert Jocelyn
Earl of Roden
1820–1870
Succeeded by
Robert Jocelyn
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Clanbrassil
1821–1870
Succeeded by
Robert Jocelyn