Robert Keith Gray

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Robert Keith ("Bob") Gray (September 2, 1923 – April 18, 2014) was a Republican activist and public relations executive who founded Gray and Company in 1981 after working with Hill & Knowlton. He served as an advisor to President Dwight Eisenhower.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Gray was born September 2, 1923 in Hastings, Nebraska and graduated in 1943 from Carlton College in Northfield, Minnesota; he later graduated from Harvard University with a Masters in Business Administration. In between these, Gray served in the Navy during World War II and remained in the U.S. Naval Reserve, attaining the rank of commander.[2]

Career[edit]

In government service[edit]

In 1955, Gray was appointed Special Assistant for Manpower for the United States Department of the Navy, the following year, Gray served as Appointments Secretary to President Dwight Eisenhower and later as Secretary of his cabinet.

Private sector[edit]

In the 1960s and 1970s, he served as Washington operative for Hill & Knowlton. In those years, according to a case study by the Harvard Business School, H&K's clients produced nearly 10% of the GNP. In 1967, Gray joined the 50-person committee responsible for charting Richard Nixon's path to the White House.  After Nixon was elected president, Gray would often escort Nixon's personal assistant, Rose Mary Woods to official functions.[2]

After serving as deputy director of the Reagan-Bush presidential campaign, in 1980,  Gray became Reagan's first appointment as president when Gray was named co-chairman of Ronald Reagan’s Presidential inauguration. During the Reagan Administration, Gray started his own firm, Gray and Company, in 1981. When he took the firm public in 1985, it became the first public relations-public affairs firm to be listed on the New York Stock Exchange.  Three years later, he sold majority interest in the firm to Hill & Knowlton and became H&K's Worldwide Chairman. In 1988, as one of his last acts as president, Reagan flew to Gray's hometown, Hastings, Nebraska, to dedicate a communications center Gray had given to Hastings College in honor of his parents.

Gray’s book, 18 Acres Under Glass, was published by Doubleday in the States and by MacMillan oversees. Becoming number-four on The Times best-seller list, the book highlighted the demands on both his political and social life as the Secretary of the Cabinet under President Dwight D. Eisenhower. With tales of the visits with kings and queens, to the extended hours spent with the Chief Executive, the book gives an inner look at the functions and sometimes dysfunctions of Washington. Gray was featured in cover stories in Time Magazine and U.S. News and World Report, named Marketer of the year by AdWeek Magazine, and was the subject of a fifteen-minute Monitor program on NBC.

In the 1992 book, The Power House by Susan B. Trento, "tells how Mr. Gray, after unabashedly peddling access for decades, reached the apex of his influence when his friend Ronald Reagan moved into the White House." [3] This book led to a defamation lawsuit by Gray against Trento and St. Martin's Press, in which Gray's claims were dismissed.[4]

Personal life and death[edit]

Gray was never openly gay, but his obituary acknowledged his partner of 20 years, Efrain Machado.[2] Gray died in Miami, Floriday on April 18, 2014.

Awards and recognition[edit]

Gray received Italy's highest civilian decoration, Grande Ufficiale.


External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ a b c Langer, Emily (April 22, 2014). "Bob Gray, influential Washington lobbyist and founder of Gray & Co., dies at 92". Washington Post. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  3. ^ Darth Vader of the Lobbyists. By Stephen Labaton, The New York Times, August 23, 1992 [2]
  4. ^ Gray v. St. Martin's Press, 221 F3d. 243, 1st Cir. 2000