Robert Kiyosaki

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Robert T. Kiyosaki
Robert Kiyosaki 2006.jpg
Kiyosaki in 2006.
Born (1947-04-08) April 8, 1947 (age 67)
Hilo, Hawaii, United States
Residence Scottsdale, Arizona, United States
Alma mater United States Merchant Marine Academy (BS)
Occupation Founder of the Rich Dad Company and Cashflow Technologies, Inc.
Author of the Rich Dad Poor Dad series of books
Financial columnist on Yahoo Finance
Former host of Rich Dad TV on PBS
Years active (1973–94)
(1997–present)
Net worth Increase$80 million[1][2]
Spouse(s) Kim Kiyosaki (since 1985)
Website
www.richdad.com

Robert Toru Kiyosaki (born April 8, 1947) is an American investor, businessman, self-help author, motivational speaker, financial literacy activist, and financial commentator. Kiyosaki is well known for his Rich Dad Poor Dad series of motivational books and other material published under the Rich Dad brand. He has written over 15 books which have combined sales of over 26 million copies.[3]

Three of his books, Rich Dad Poor Dad, Rich Dad's CASHFLOW Quadrant, and Rich Dad's Guide to Investing, have been on number one on the top 10 best-seller lists simultaneously on The Wall Street Journal, USA Today and the New York Times. Rich Kid Smart Kid was published in 2001, with the intent to help parents teach their children financial concepts. He has created three "Cashflow" board and software games for adults and children and has a series of "Rich Dad" CDs and disks.

A financial literacy advocate, Kiyosaki has been a proponent of entrepreneurship, business education, investing, and that comprehensive financial literacy concepts should be taught in schools around the world.[4] Kiyosaki also operates his own blog and maintains a monthly column on Yahoo Finance writing about his latest thoughts on global economics, investing, business, world financial markets, and personal finance.[5][6]

Early life and career[edit]

A fourth-generation Japanese American, Kiyosaki was born and raised in Hilo, Hawaii. He is the eldest son of educator Ralph H. Kiyosaki (1919–1991) and Marjorie O. Kiyosaki (1921–1971). After graduating from Hilo High School in 1965, he attended the United States Merchant Marine Academy in New York, graduating with the class of 1969 as a deck officer. He served in the Marine Corps as a helicopter gunship pilot during the Vietnam War in 1972, where he was awarded the Air Medal.[7] Kiyosaki was honorably discharged from the Marine Corps in June 1974; he sold copy machines for the Xerox Corporation as a salesperson from 1974 until June 1978.

In 1977, Kiyosaki entered the retailing industry. He started a company that brought to market the first nylon and Velcro "surfer" wallets. The company was moderately successful, but eventually went bankrupt, as he wanted to save money on costs and did not intellectually protect the product. In the early 1980s, Kiyosaki started a business that licensed T-shirts for heavy metal rock bands such as Mötley Crüe. The company went bankrupt in 1985.[8] In his book You can Choose to be Rich, Kiyosaki said that after his bankruptcy, he became homeless and was living with his then girlfriend Kim at the back of an old Toyota for several months before starting their own business from the ground up.[9]

In 1994, Kiyosaki left the Money and You program in Australia.[10] With various real estate investments, Kiyosaki retired at the age of 47. In 1997, he launched Cashflow Technologies, Inc., a business and financial education company[11] which owns and operates the Rich Dad and Cashflow brands.[12][13]

Business ventures and investments[edit]

Aside from operating the Rich Dad Company and Cashflow Technologies, Inc., Kiyosaki continues to operate external business ventures and various investments, since he came out of retirement in 1997.[14][14]

Mining[edit]

Kiyosaki bought a silver mine in South America in 2002, took a gold mining company in China public in 2002, and took public additional mines from IPOs listed on the Toronto Stock Exchange during the early 2000s. In 2009, Kiyosaki revealed in his book Conspiracy of the Rich that he is currently working on a copper mine that is to be taken public once copper prices begin to rise in value.[15]

Precious metals and coins[edit]

Through his teenage years, Kiyosaki dabbled with silver and gold coins as a starting investment during the 1960s. In a July 2005 Yahoo Finance article, Kiyosaki stated that

If you only have a few dollars, you may want to go to your local coin dealer and buy silver and gold coins as close to the price of gold or silver as possible. I would not invest in 'collectible' precious metal coins unless you really know a good collectible coin from a bad one. For as little as $20 you can buy a few precious metal coins and begin to take steps to prepare for one of the biggest crashes in world history.[16]

Kiyosaki states that he is a "gold bug", meaning that he holds various commodities such as gold and silver to hedge against government misprinting of the US dollar as a fiat currency since the early 1970s when President Richard Nixon took the dollar off the gold standard.[14]

Real estate[edit]

Kiyosaki is an active real estate investor, and a large portion of his wealth came from real estate investing. He has various real estate investments, real estate development ventures, and property management ventures operating around the United States, such as Texas and Oklahoma, particularly in his home state of Arizona. Many of his holdings include hotels, golf courses, and large apartment complexes as stated in an interview with The Alex Jones Show in 2010.[17] He told Jones that he makes around $2 million a month tax free, from all his investments.

Starting with small residential real estate investments back in 1973, Kiyosaki began investing in small condos on the island of Maui, making a small profit from capital gains by the mid-1970s. Kiyosaki starting his own real estate holding company in the 1980s during his tenure with Xerox and continued on with smaller real estate investments after the Savings and loan crisis and the 1986 Tax Reform Act hit the United States in the early 1990s, where much foreclosure investment real estate was sold for pennies on the dollar. After progressing with smaller real estate investments, Kiyosaki moved into the commercial real estate business, branching off into semi-large apartment complexes, with a large portion concentrated in Arizona and the Southwestern United States and retired in 1994.

Since coming out of retirement in 1997, Kiyosaki remains involved with the apartment business and stated in an interview with Jason Hartman in 2011, that he owns over 1400 units of apartment houses.[18][19] Kiyosaki has been involved with commercial real estate sector such as investing in warehouses, Triple net lease and real estate development ventures around the United States.[20][21]

Oil wells and natural gas[edit]

Kiyosaki has stated in a Rich Dad video, several interviews, and on a number of Yahoo Finance articles that he owns oil drilling operations and oil wells around the United States, but does not invest in oil company shares such as ExxonMobil or BP.[22][23][23][24]

Solar company[edit]

In a 2010 Rich Dad Insiders video, Kiyosaki stated that he invested in a startup solar energy company.[22]

Financial market[edit]

In his book Rich Dad Poor Dad, Kiyosaki mentioned achieving consistent 16% ROI through tax lien certificates.[25] Written in a chapter of Rich Dad's Prophecy, Kiyosaki states of having invested in various government tax free bonds such as municipal bonds and municipal mortgage REIT's offered by real estate development companies paying over 12% tax-free dividend interest.[26]

Kiyosaki has also stated in interviews that he does not invest or play the stock market, much like the fact that he does not invest in oil company stocks. Instead, Kiyosaki trades stock options, Forex currencies, and other derivatives in the financial markets as stated in a chapter written in his book, Rich Dad's Prophecy and in a 2009 interview with real estate investor John Hartman.[19] Kiyosaki has mentioned investing in hedge funds, private placements, and other various funds such as private equity funds typically investments reserved by SEC law only for millionaires or high-income individuals.

Kiyosaki is involved in the commodity market where he invests in gold and silver commodities as well as gold and silver ETF's, as written in chapter of his 2008 book, "Rich Dads, Increase Your Financial IQ". He stated this for the reason that he uses commodities as a hedge against uncertain economic forces such as inflation and hyperinflation as well as government's mismanagement via printing of the nation's currency.[25]

Financial advice[edit]

Kiyosaki's teachings focus on what he calls "financial education" generating passive income by means of investment opportunities, such as real estate investments, businesses and commodities, with the ultimate goal of being able to support oneself by such investments alone and thus achieving true financial independence without working for a paycheck. Kiyosaki defines the term "assets" as things that generate cash inflow, such as stock dividends, rental properties, or businesses, and the term "liabilities" as things that use cash, such as houses, cars, and so on. Kiyosaki argues that financial leverage is critically important in becoming rich, despite the inherent financial risks, repercussions, and pitfalls that come with it.

Originally self-published before being picked up commercially to become a best seller, the central concept of the book is an anecdotal comparison of his "two fathers." His "poor dad" was his biological father, who was highly educated and became superintendent of the Hawaii State Department of Education but was poor. Contrasted with this is his "rich dad," who was his best friend's father who became "the richest man in Hawaii" by investing his smaller income into income-producing investments, and was a high school dropout. Its main purpose as a self-help book is to help people rethink their idea of money and their concept of themselves as employees who will gain financial rewards from conformity and education.

Kiyosaki uses the "rich dad, poor dad" comparison to illustrate his view that the majority of people are stuck in what he refers to as "the rat race"–living paycheck to paycheck and spending all of their time working to pay bills and other expenses. In his books, Kiyosaki advocates tax-advantaged investment vehicles, such as real estate or businesses, rather than ownership of securities such as stocks. This idea is further developed in his later books and "Rich Dad" became Kiyosaki's personal brand for various publishing ventures.

Kiyosaki stresses financial literacy through the acquisition of he calls "assets" as the means to obtaining wealth. He says that life skills are often best learned through experience and that there are important lessons not taught in school. He says that formal education is primarily for those seeking to be employees or self-employed individuals, and that this is an "Industrial Age idea." In order to obtain financial freedom, one must be either a business owner, an investor, or both generating passive income, particularly on a monthly basis.

Kiyosaki often refers to The CASHFLOW Quadrant, a conceptual tool which he developed to categorize the four major ways income is earned. Depicted in a diagram, this concept entails four groupings, split with two crossed lines (one vertical and one horizontal). In each of the four groups there is a letter representing a way in which an individual may earn income. The letters are as follows.

  • E: Employee – Working for someone else.
  • S: Self-employed or Small business owner – Where a person owns his own job and is his own boss.
  • B: Business owner – A person who owns a business to make money; typically where the owner's physical presence is not required.
  • I: Investor – Investing money in order to receive a larger income in the future.

For those on the left side of the divide (E and S), Kiyosaki says that they may never obtain true wealth. Conversely, those on the right side of the divide (B and I) are supposedly following the only road to true wealth. Kiyosaki also classifies the four main "asset" classes as means of gaining wealth:[27]

  • Businesses: Businesses that generate monthly cash flow that don't require the owner's physical presence.
  • Real Estate: Real estate such as owning warehouses, small family homes, or apartment houses that generate monthly cash flow.
  • Paper Assets: Investments such as stocks, bonds, hedge funds etc.
  • Commodities: Gold, silver, iron ore, or copper that are used to hedge government's mismanagement printing of the nation's currency.

Kiyosaki wrote in one column that investors in any mutual fund with a 2.5% annual fee would, over a long time period, surrender 80% of the earnings to the fund.[28] Kiyosaki expanded on his criticism of mutual funds in another column by stating they are for "losers."[29] Despite the fact that most mutual funds actually charged less than 1.1%.[30] He has drawn much criticism for comparing investing in mutual funds to playing the lottery, and for discouraging 401(k) investing, contrary to the advice of most professional financial advisers.[31] In contrast to these statements, Kiyosaki wrote in his book Prophecy that while mutual funds are not great investments, they remain one of the few acceptable investment vehicles available to those who will not educate themselves financially.

Kiyosaki's criticisms are supported by the founder of the mutual fund Vanguard, John C. Bogle. In a Frontline episode titled "401(k)s: The New Retirement Plan, For Better or Worse", Bogle stated that management fees and trading costs gobble up approximately 2.5% of an investor's annual returns and approximately 80% of an investor's long term gains. He says management costs reduce the value of a $1,000 investment over 65 years from approximately $140,000 at 8% compounded annually to a mere $30,000 at 5.5% compounded annually. Bogle's solution is to utilize index funds, which charge as little as 0.09%, to substantially reduce or eliminate management fees.[32]

Kiyosaki advocates the value of games, particularly Monopoly, as tools for learning basic financial strategies such as "trade four green houses for one red hotel." Kiyosaki has created several games such as Cashflow 101 and Cashflow 202 to reinforce the information in his book.

Media appearances[edit]

Many local stations of the Public Broadcasting Service (PBS), including WTTW of Chicago, KAET of Phoenix, KOCE of Orange County, California, WLIW of the New York/New Jersey area, and WGBH of Boston, featured Kiyosaki with his now cancelled Rich Dad TV series. His latest TV special was a fund-raising drive. During this television special, Rich Dad's Guide to Wealth with Robert Kiyosaki, he provides viewers with financial education, opposing the common notion of getting a college degree and downplaying the importance of attaining academic or professional education.

Kiyosaki has given financial advice on network television news channels such as on CNBC, Fox Business, and Bloomberg. He has appeared on programs such as The Oprah Winfrey Show,[33] Fox and Friends,[34][35][36] Larry King Live,[37] The O'Reilly Factor, The Alex Jones Show,[17] Glenn Beck,[38] and Your World with Neil Cavuto.[34][39][40][41] In 2002, a speech given by Kiyosaki became the subject of a CNN story.[42]

In 2006, Kiyosaki appeared on CNBC, discussing financial issues, answering questions from the audience, and comments by the financial experts were also invited. In particular, Kiyosaki also filled in a few episodes under the title The Millionaire Inside Debt-Free and The Millionaire Inside: Get Inspired. Other financial experts accompanied Kiyosaki, including David Bach, Jennifer Openshaw, Larry Winget, Keith Ferrazi, and Dr. Laura Morgan Roberts.[43][44]

In 2009, Kiyosaki was featured in a 10 Questions session in Time magazine.[45] Kiyosaki has criticized other financial gurus, particularly the financial teachings of Suze Orman and Jean Chatzky, calling it "bad advice". Orman responded to Kiyosaki's attacks via Twitter and the two engaged in a Twitter war in March 2010.[46]

Personal life[edit]

Kiyosaki has 3 younger siblings: Emi Kiyosaki (b.1948), Jon Kiyosaki (b.1949), and Beth Kiyosaki (b.1951). Emi Kiyosaki, is a Tibetan Buddhist nun known by the name Ven. He has co-authored one book with Tenzin Kacho called "Rich Brother, Rich Sister".

Kiyosaki's mother died suddenly of heart failure in March 1971. His father, a long-time smoker, died of lung cancer in 1991.

Kiyosaki divorced his first wife, named Janet, in 1981. In late 1983, Kiyosaki met Kim Meyer; he pursued her for 6 months until they finally started dating in February 1984. They were married in November 1986, in La Jolla, CA. Kim Kiyosaki,[10] is now an entrepreneur, investor, author, and motivational speaker. The Kiyosakis have lived in the Scottsdale area in Phoenix, Arizona since 1994.

Controversy[edit]

Kiyosaki's books and teachings have been criticized for focusing on anecdotes and containing little in the way of concrete advice on how readers should proceed.[47] Kiyosaki responds that his material is meant to be more of a motivational tool to get readers thinking about money rather than a step-by-step guide to wealth. He also says the books are supposed to be "interesting" to people, which precludes involving a lot of technical material.[48]

In 2010, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation investigated the Rich Dad seminars associated with Kiyosaki on their consumer advocacy program, Marketplace.[49] They found that one-day free seminars were conducted at which three-day courses were offered for $500. At the three-day classes, participants were offered longer courses priced between $12,000 and $45,000. A hidden camera was employed at a $500 seminar in Kitchener, Ontario, showing the trainer, Marc Mousseau, advising participants to request that their credit-card limits be raised and giving out scripts with instructions on how to ask for limits as high as $100,000.[50]

The show interviewed Bob Aaron,[51] a lawyer whose practice is 25% real estate law,[52] who said that some of Mousseau's advice was unusual and unlikely to work, such as advising that a developer might give two condos free when selling ten, getting an option to buy the house at a later date, and buying a house in pre-foreclosure.[50] The program also found a claim by the trainer to be untrue; he claimed to have been part of a deal that made $32 million on a mobile home park in Saskatchewan, but the park did not exist. The instructor was described as "overbearing, obnoxious, and rude" by an attendee, after showing video footage of his behavior.[49]

When questioned about the findings of the program, Kiyosaki said he too was unhappy about how the company running the seminars, Tigrent Learning (formerly Whitney International), was conducting them and that these were not the first complaints he had heard. He promised to look into the problems and said they would serve as "ammunition I need" in his "continuing to pressure them" and "constantly saying" to Tigrent Learning that he is "unhappy with them". He claims not to have known "how severe it was" at the time of partnering with them that Tigrent Learning had such a "checkered past". "I'm more upset than you are; I really am," he told the interviewer, "It disturbs me. It's not my fault."[50]

On August 20, 2012, one of Kiyosaki's companies, Rich Global LLC, filed for bankruptcy in Wyoming Bankruptcy Court.[53] The move followed a ruling by a U.S. District Court jury that former business partners of Kiyosaki were entitled to $23,687,957.21 of the profits from events they helped to set up for Kiyosaki including a 2002 appearance at New York's Madison Square Garden. A spokesman for Kiyosaki asserted that the amount of the award exceeded the value of Rich Global LLC and that Kiyosaki would not use money from outside the company to meet the judgement.[54]

Bibliography[edit]

Kiyosaki is best known for his book Rich Dad, Poor Dad. Kiyosaki followed with Rich Dad's Cashflow Quadrant and Rich Dad's Guide to Investing. He has now had at least a dozen books published, including:

  • If You Want to Be Rich & Happy: Don't Go to School?: Ensuring Lifetime Security for Yourself and Your Children (1992). ISBN 0-944031-38-2.
  • Rich Dad Poor Dad – What the Rich Teach Their Kids About Money – That the Poor and Middle Class Do Not! (first published in 1997) Warner Business Books. ISBN 0-446-67745-0.
  • Cashflow Quadrant: Rich Dad's Guide to Financial Freedom (2000). ISBN 0-446-67747-7.
  • Rich Dad's Guide to Investing: What the Rich Invest in, That the Poor and the Middle Class Do Not! (2000). ISBN 0-446-67746-9.
  • The Business School for People Who Like Helping People (March 2001). ISBN 99922-67-42-9 – endorses multi-level marketing
  • Rich Dad's Rich Kid, Smart Kid: Giving Your Children a Financial Headstart (2001). ISBN 0-446-67748-5.
  • Rich Dad's Retire Young, Retire Rich (2002). ISBN 0-446-67843-0.
  • Rich Dad's Prophecy: Why the Biggest Stock Market Crash in History Is Still Coming… and How You Can Prepare Yourself and Profit from It! (2002). Warner Books. ISBN 0-641-62241-4.
  • Rich Dad's The Business School: For People Who Like Helping People (2003) ISBN 979-686-729-X.
  • Rich Dad’s Success Stories (2003)
  • You Can Choose to be Rich (2003) 12-CD Audio series with three books.
  • Rich Dad's Who Took My Money?: Why Slow Investors Lose and Fast Money Wins! (2004) ISBN 0-446-69182-8.
  • Rich Dad, Poor Dad for Teens: The Secrets About Money – That You Don't Learn in School! (2004) ISBN 0-446-69321-9.
  • Rich Dad's Before You Quit Your Job: 10 Real-Life Lessons Every Entrepreneur Should Know About Building a Multimillion-Dollar Business (2005). ISBN 0-446-69637-4.
  • Rich Dad's Escape from the Rat Race – Comic for children (2005)
  • Why We Want You to Be Rich: Two Men, One Message (2006) co-written with Donald J. Trump ISBN 1-933914-02-5.
  • Rich Dad's Increase Your Financial IQ: Get Smarter with Your Money (2008). ISBN 0-446-50936-1.
  • Rich Dad's Conspiracy of the Rich: The 8 New Rules of Money (2009). ISBN 0-446-55980-6
  • Rich Dad's Rich Brother Rich Sister (2009) co-written with Emi Kiyosaki
  • The Real Book of Real Estate: Real Experts. Real Stories. Real Life. (2010). ISBN 1-4587-7250-0.
  • An Unfair Advantage: The Power of Financial Education (2011). ISBN 1-61268-010-0.
  • Midas Touch: Why Some Entrepreneurs Get Rich And Why Most Don't (2011), co-written with Donald J. Trump ISBN 1-61268-095-X.
  • Why 'A' Students Work for 'C' Students and Why 'B' Students Work for the Government: Rich Dad's Guide to Financial Education for Parents (2013). ISBN 978-1612680767.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ John Thomas Didymus (October 13, 2012). "Robert Kiyosaki, author of Rich Dad Poor Dad files for bankruptcy". Digital Journal. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  2. ^ Jill Krasny (10/12/2012). "Rich Dad, Poor Dad' author files for bankruptcy". MSNBC/Businessinsider. Retrieved November 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ ABC News: Who Wants to Be an Entrepreneur?
  4. ^ Kiyosaki, Robert (December 23, 2010). "The eye of the recession's storm – Yahoo!7 Personal Finance". Au.pfinance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  5. ^ "Get financial education tips from Kim and Robert Kiyosaki here". Richdad.com. March 8, 2012. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  6. ^ "Our Experts – Robert Kiyosaki – Yahoo!7 Personal Finance". Au.pfinance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  7. ^ "Na plovárně: 7. 11. 2010 – iVysílání – Česká televize". Ceskatelevize.cz. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  8. ^ http://web.archive.org/web/20020201235405/http://www.thestreet.com/funds/meetthestreet/10006507.html
  9. ^ You Can Choose to Be Rich, ASIN: B000CSXWXW
  10. ^ a b Poor Man's Prophet Robert Kiyosaki, author of Rich Dad, Poor Dad says that everything you've been told about money is a lie. Is his vision setting us on the right track–or is it just more financial snake oil? http://money.cnn.com/magazines/moneymag/moneymag_archive/2003/01/01/334706/index.htm
  11. ^ Entity Details – Secretary of State, Nevada
  12. ^ Trademark Electronic Search System: RICH DAD
  13. ^ Trademark Electronic Search System: CASHFLOW
  14. ^ a b c "worldtradingonline | Just another WordPress.com site". Worldtradingonline.wordpress.com. January 24, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  15. ^ Rich Dad's Conspiracy of the Rich: The 8 New Rules of Money – Robert T. Kiyosaki – Google Books. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  16. ^ Kiyosaki, Richard (April 18, 2006). "The coming oil crisis – Yahoo!7 Personal Finance". Au.pfinance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  17. ^ a b TheAlexJonesChannel (October 19, 2010). "Icon Robert Kiyosaki: Rich Dad's Conspiracy of The Rich – Alex Jones Tv 3/3". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  18. ^ "GoldSeek.com Radio Exclusive: Transcript of Robert Kiyosaki Interview with Chris Waltzek about Gold, Silver, Debt, and Private Investing - GoldSeek.com". News.goldseek.com. September 5, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  19. ^ a b "#111 – Rich Dad's Current Investing Strategies – An interview with Robert Kiyosaki". Jason Hartman. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  20. ^ "Saving and Investing". Wn.com. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  21. ^ at 4:53 am. "What to know if your bank fails | Robert Kiyosaki Blog". Richerdaddy.com. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  22. ^ a b TheRealKiyosaki (April 24, 2010). "Robert Kiyosaki -Rich Dad- Here I Talk about Good Greed vs. Bad Greed". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  23. ^ a b "Rich Woman – News & Events". Staging.richwoman.com. May 24, 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  24. ^ Nesto, Matt (October 5, 2011). "America Is on Sale: Author Kiyosaki | Breakout – Yahoo! Finance". Finance.yahoo.com. Retrieved 2012-03-12. 
  25. ^ a b Rich Dad's Increase Your Financial ... – Robert T. Kiyosaki – Google Books. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  26. ^ "How Do You Build an Ark". Olesiafx.com. February 22, 2002. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  27. ^ "#111 – Rich Dad's Current Investing Strategies – An interview with Robert Kiyosaki". Jason Hartman. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  28. ^ Robert Kiyosaki (June 26, 2006). "Why Mutual Funds Are Lousy Long-Term Investments". Yahoo!. Retrieved October 8, 2009. 
  29. ^ Robert Kiyosaki (September 1, 2006). "Lying is Easy, Wealth Takes Work". Retrieved October 8, 2009. 
  30. ^ ICI Research Staff (2013). "Section 5: Mutual Fund Fees and Expenses". www.icifactbook.org (53rd ed.) (Washington, DC: Investment Company Institute). OCLC 76785475. Archived from the original on 2013-09-14. Retrieved 2013-12-07. "Over the past two decades, on an asset-weighted basis, average expense ratios incurred by mutual fund investors have fallen significantly [...]. In 1990, equity fund investors on average incurred expenses of 99 basis points—or 99 cents for every $100 invested. By contrast, expense ratios averaged 77 basis points for equity fund investors in 2012, a decline of more than 20 percent from 1990. The average expense ratio of hybrid funds fell from 102 basis points to 79 basis points. Bond fund expense ratios declined from 88 basis points in 1990 to 61 basis points in 2012, a 31 percent drop." 
  31. ^ Robert Kiyosaki (April 30, 2007). "Playing the Mutual Fund Lottery". Yahoo!. Retrieved October 8, 2009. 
  32. ^ FRONTLINE: can you afford to retire?: changing world: 401(k)s: the new retirement plan, for better or worse | PBS
  33. ^ "Live your best Life". Oprah.com. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  34. ^ a b "Fox News Neil Cavuto Interviews Robert Kiyosaki | Wisdom of Rich Dad". Richdadwisdom.com. July 23, 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  35. ^ "Fox & Friends – Fox News Channel". Fox News. December 20, 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  36. ^ "Get the latest news from Robert Kiyosaki about the economy here". Richdad.com. October 5, 2011. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  37. ^ "CNN.com – Transcripts". Transcripts.cnn.com. October 9, 2006. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  38. ^ "Glenn Beck sits down with author Robert Kiyosaki". OccupyWallStreets.com. October 7, 2011. Retrieved November 15, 2011. 
  39. ^ at 4:36 am. "Fox News Neil Cavuto Interviews Robert Kiyosaki | Robert Kiyosaki Blog". Richerdaddy.com. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  40. ^ "Neil Cavuto interviews Robert Kiyosaki | RICH DAD ROBERT KIYOSAKI BLOG". StumbleUpon. October 29, 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  41. ^ "Rich Dad's Cashflow 101 Game: Fox News Neil Cavuto Interviews Robert Kiyosaki". Thecashflowgame.com. July 23, 2009. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  42. ^ Leslie Haggin Geary (October 30, 2002). "Kiyosaki mania". CNN Money. Retrieved October 8, 2009. 
  43. ^ "News Headlines". Cnbc.com. December 11, 2007. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  44. ^ keithferrazzi (December 28, 2010). "Cnbc'S "The Millionaire Inside" With Keith Ferrazzi & Robert Kiyosaki". YouTube. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  45. ^ "10 Questions for Robert Kiyosaki". Time Magazine. July 13, 2009. Retrieved 2012-12-05. 
  46. ^ "Suze Orman vs. Robert Kiyosaki: Twitter Dispute Over Financial Advice". ABC News. March 5, 2010. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  47. ^ Sing, Terrence (July 13, 2003). "Writer ignores critics of his self-help success". 
  48. ^ Rich Dad, Poor Dad by Robert Kiyosaki
  49. ^ a b "Road to Rich Dad: Who's getting rich off Rich Dad?". Marketplace (CBC). January 29, 2010. Retrieved 2010-01-31. 
  50. ^ a b c "'Rich Dad' seminars deceptive: Marketplace". CBC News. February 1, 2010. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  51. ^ "About Aaron and Aaron". Aaron and Aaron Barristers and Solicitors. Retrieved February 3, 2010. 
  52. ^ "Bob Aaron". Lawyerahead.ca. Retrieved 2010-07-06. 
  53. ^ "Company Bankruptcy Information for Rich Global LLC". busbk.com. August 20, 2012. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  54. ^ "Rich Dad, Poor Dad now a bankrupt dad: Best-selling author files for corporate bankruptcy after losing $24m judgement". Daily Mail (London). October 10, 2012. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]