Robert Kubica

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Robert Kubica
Robert Kubica 2010 Malaysia.jpg
Robert Kubica at the 2010 Malaysian Grand Prix
Nationality  Polish
Born (1984-12-07) 7 December 1984 (age 29)
Kraków, Poland
Championship titles
2005
2013
World Series by Renault
World Rally Championship-2
Awards
2008
2008

2013
Lorenzo Bandini Trophy
Polish Sportspersonality of the Year
FIA Personality of the Year
World Rally Championship record
Active years 2013–present
Teams M-Sport World Rally Team, Abu Dhabi Citroën Total WRT
Rallies 19
Championships 0
Rally wins 0
Podiums 0
Stage wins 4
Total points 32
First rally 2013 Rally de Portugal
Formula One World Championship career
Teams BMW Sauber, Renault
Races 76
Championships 0
Wins 1
Podiums 12
Career points 273
Pole positions 1
Fastest laps 1
First race 2006 Hungarian Grand Prix
First win 2008 Canadian Grand Prix
Last win 2008 Canadian Grand Prix
Last race 2010 Abu Dhabi Grand Prix

Robert Józef Kubica (Polish pronunciation: [ˈrɔbɛrt kuˈbit͡sa] ( ); born 7 December 1984 in Kraków, Poland) is a Polish racing driver. He became the first Polish driver to compete in Formula One. Between 2006 and 2009 he drove for the BMW Sauber F1 team, promoted from test driver to race driver during 2006. In June 2008, Kubica took his maiden F1 victory in the Canadian Grand Prix.

On 6 February 2011, Kubica was seriously injured in a crash at the Ronde di Andora rally, in which his right forearm was partially severed.[1] He was taking part in the rally for personal enjoyment.[2] Kubica told Italian newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport in a bedside interview that he could feel the fingers in his right hand and was determined to make a swift return to Formula One in 2011.[3][4] Since his return to good health, however, he has stated that a return to Formula One would be "nearly impossible" because of his injury.[1][5]

Kubica returned to racing in September 2012, winning a minor rally in Italy.[6][7] Kubica was named one of "The Men of the Year 2012" by Top Gear magazine for his return to auto racing. In 2013, he drove for Citroën in the European and World Rally-2 Championships.[8][9] He went on to win the inaugural WRC-2 title, and moved to the WRC championship full-time in 2014, driving a Ford Fiesta RS WRC prepared by M-Sport.[10]

Career[edit]

Karting[edit]

Kubica developed his love for all kinds of cars at the young age of four when he spotted a small off-road vehicle, powered by a 4 bhp (3.0 kW) petrol engine. After long talks with his parents, his father, Artur, bought him the car and young Kubica spent long hours driving around plastic bottles. When he got older it became apparent that he needed better equipment, so his father bought him a go-kart. However, Kubica was too young to start racing in the Polish Karting Championship as he was under the age of ten. When he entered the championship, he won six titles in three years. After his third season, Kubica decided to switch to a more competitive league in Italy. In 1998 Kubica became the first foreigner to win the International Italian Junior Karting Championship.

Kubica also scored second place in the European Junior Karting Championship and won the Junior Monaco Kart Cup held on part of the Formula One Grand Prix track. A year later, he defended his title in Italy and also competed in the International German Karting Championship. He also won the Monaco Kart Cup for the second time in a row, as well as the Margutti Trophy and Elf Masters races. In 2000, his last season in karting, Kubica scored fourth places in both the European and World Championships.

Junior formulae[edit]

Kubica with the Epsilon Euskadi team

Kubica started his professional career in 2000, as a test driver for a Formula Renault 2000 car. During his first professional season in Formula Renault, Kubica scored his maiden pole position and also became a member of Renault's driver development programme. In 2002 Kubica won four races and scored a second place in the Italian Formula Renault 2000. He was also seventh in the Formula Renault Eurocup. At the end of the year he took part in a Brazilian Formula Renault 2000 race held at the Interlagos circuit. This one-off appearance resulted in a dominant win.

After Formula Renault, Kubica moved to the Formula Three Euro Series. However, his move was delayed by a road accident which left him with a broken arm, and titanium screws holding it together. At his delayed debut at Norisring, Kubica, driving with a plastic brace and 18 titanium bolts in his arm, won the race. He finished the season in 12th place. At the end of the year, Kubica won a street race in Sardinia and came fifth in races held in Macau and Korea. He ended his second season in the Formula 3 Euro Series, spent with the factory Mercedes team, in 7th position. In November 2004, he scored pole position in the Macau F3 Grand Prix, where he broke the lap record, but finished second in the race.

In 2005 he won the World Series by Renault championship with the Epsilon Euskadi team, earning Formula One tests with Renault.

Formula One (2006–2011)[edit]

BMW Sauber (2006–2009)[edit]

2006[edit]

In 2006, Kubica became the official reserve driver for the BMW Sauber Formula One team.[11] His results in both Friday testing and private test sessions, along with the words of BMW Sauber team principal Mario Theissen, led to speculation that he would become Poland's first ever Formula One racing driver in 2007. In August 2006, Kubica's teammate, Jacques Villeneuve, complained about headaches after his accident during the German Grand Prix; he was deemed unfit to race by the team, against his own belief, and Kubica was chosen by the team management to replace him at the Hungarian Grand Prix.[12] Kubica qualified ninth, beating his more experienced teammate Nick Heidfeld. In the race, he finished in seventh place, but was disqualified after the race for having an underweight car.[13] Villeneuve decided to leave the BMW Sauber team soon after the race,[14] and Kubica's position in the team for the remainder of the season was confirmed by BMW.[15]

Kubica as BMW Sauber's third driver at the 2006 United States Grand Prix

Kubica had a disappointing race at the Turkish Grand Prix, finishing in 12th place after a mistake in tyre choice. Heidfeld, who was delayed in a first-corner accident, placed behind Kubica. In his third race, the Italian Grand Prix, Kubica finished in third position, and became the first Polish driver to appear on a Formula One podium, as well as the first Polish driver to lead a Grand Prix. He was the first driver since Alexander Wurz in 1997 to finish on the podium within his first three Formula One starts.

In China, he finished 13th, again after a mistake in tyre choice. After going off track at the first turn of the race, he moved from 17th position to fifth, before pitting. He was the first to change from intermediate tyres to dry tyres after the wet track started to dry. This decision was made too early: a very slow next lap in extremely wet and slippery conditions and another pit stop to change back to intermediates cost him his place in the points.

2007[edit]
Kubica's violent crash at the 2007 Canadian Grand Prix
Kubica driving for BMW Sauber at the 2007 British Grand Prix

Kubica performed well during the 2007 season, finishing consistently in point scoring positions. At the Canadian Grand Prix Kubica had a serious crash approaching the hairpin on lap 27, in which his car made contact with Jarno Trulli's Toyota, and hit a hump in the grass which lifted the car's nose into the air and left him unable to brake or steer. The car then hit the concrete retaining wall and rolled as it came back across the track, striking the opposite wall on the outside of the hairpin and coming to rest on its side.[16] The speed measured when his car clipped the barrier was 300.13 km/h (186.49 mph), at a 75-degree angle, subjecting Kubica to an average deceleration of 28 g. After data from the onboard accident data recorder had been analysed it was found that he had been subjected to a peak G-force of 75 G.[17] Under safety car conditions, Kubica was removed from the car and taken to the circuit's medical centre, where he was announced to be in "stable" condition. Shortly afterwards, his manager Daniele Morelli said Kubica was conscious and talking.[18] It was initially reported that Kubica could have a broken leg.[19] However, Mario Theissen later confirmed that he was not seriously injured.[20][21]

Further reports from late evening on race day, directly from the hospital, confirmed that Kubica had suffered a light concussion alongside a sprained ankle. After being kept in overnight for observation, Kubica left hospital the following day.[22] On 14 June it was announced that as a precaution, Kubica would not race at the United States Grand Prix and would be replaced by test driver Sebastian Vettel.[23] After missing Indianapolis, he returned for the French Grand Prix where he qualified and finished in fourth place, receiving ITV broadcaster Martin Brundle's driver of the day award. He then went on to finish fourth again at the British Grand Prix.

2008[edit]

Kubica's retention as race driver for 2008 was confirmed on 21 August 2007.[24] Over the first half of the season, Kubica qualified and finished strongly, including his and BMW Sauber's first pole position at the Bahrain Grand Prix and second place finishes at the Malaysian and Monaco Grands Prix.

Kubica achieved the first win of his F1 career at the 2008 Canadian Grand Prix.

On 8 June 2008 at the Canadian Grand Prix, Kubica achieved his first Formula 1 victory. He started second on the grid and passed race leader Lewis Hamilton in the first round of pitstops after the BMW Sauber pit crew completed a faster pitstop. On leaving the pits, Kubica and Kimi Räikkönen's Ferrari halted at the pit lane exit, waiting for the red pit exit light to change. Hamilton, running immediately behind them, missed the light and crashed into Räikkönen's Ferrari, eliminating both cars from the race. Kubica rejoined the race well positioned for the eventual victory. He passed Heidfeld's sister BMW Sauber, running one refuelling stop to Kubica's two stop strategy, and gained the necessary 24 seconds over Heidfeld to ensure that he maintained the lead after his second stop 22 laps later. The BMW Saubers remained first and second to the end of the race.[25] Kubica later joked that he should thank Hamilton for electing to crash into Räikkönen instead of him.[26] The win gave Kubica the lead in the drivers' championship.

BMW Sauber's results were weaker over the second half of the season. At the French Grand Prix at Magny-Cours, Kubica finished 5th, reporting that this was a lost race, complaining about aerodynamic problems with the car.[citation needed] Kubica's strongest result of the latter part of the year was in Japan where he qualified sixth. At the start, several drivers braked too late for the first corner. Kubica took an inside line overtaking several cars and emerged in the lead. He led for 16 laps, but lost his lead to Fernando Alonso at the first round of pit stops. Kubica finished second after defending his position towards the end of the race against Räikkönen in a faster Ferrari (his fastest race lap was 0.6 seconds quicker than the Pole's)[27][28] Apart from that, Kubica achieved podiums in the Street race in Valencia and in the rain affected race at Monza. Kubica finished the year fourth in the drivers' championship.

2009[edit]
Kubica driving for BMW Sauber at the 2009 Turkish Grand Prix

At the 2009 season opener in Melbourne, Kubica managed to qualify fourth on the grid. During the race, he was in third place and closing the gap to the front two cars before making contact with Sebastian Vettel while trying to overtake him. After the incident, Kubica continued briefly, but crashed into a wall at the next corner because his front wing had become stuck under the car.[29] Vettel was later deemed responsible for the accident, and given a 10-place penalty on the grid for the next race in Malaysia.[30]

BMW motorsport director Mario Theissen claimed that Kubica would have won the race ahead of Jenson Button had it not been for Vettel.[31]

At the Malaysian Grand Prix, Kubica qualified in eighth place, but was promoted to sixth following Vettel's ten-place grid penalty for causing the crash in Australia, and Rubens Barrichello's five-place grid drop for changing his gearbox. However, he retired very early in the race with engine problems. The next two races, the Chinese Grand Prix and the Bahrain Grand Prix were disappointing for the BMW Sauber team as both Kubica and his teammate Heidfeld finished outside the points with a non-competitive car.

For the next race in Barcelona, BMW Sauber prepared a modified version of the F1.09. The car proved more competitive but a mistake in fitting the tyres to Kubica's car during Q3 meant he could only qualify in 10th position. In the race, after a bad start (due to a clutch issue)[32] he finished once more out of the points. Kubica suffered from an engine failure during second practice in Monaco, and retired from the Grand Prix due to a brake issue. At the Turkish Grand Prix, the team introduced the double diffuser. The car's performance improved and Kubica managed to score his first points of the season with a 7th place. In the next 3 races both BMW Sauber drivers finished outside the points again, but during the European and Belgian Grands Prix again proved to be competitive, scoring 8th and 4th positions respectively. In Italy, Kubica suffered engine trouble in qualifying and then retired from the race due to an oil leak. At the Singapore Grand Prix, Kubica finished 8th, defending his position from Kazuki Nakajima and Räikkönen in the last laps. He later stated it was "the most difficult point I have ever scored".[33][34] At the Brazilian Grand Prix, Kubica scored his first podium of the season despite engine temperature problems by finishing in 2nd place, 7.6 seconds behind winner Mark Webber. The podium was BMW's second of the season.

On 29 July 2009, BMW announced that they would leave Formula One at the end of 2009, which made Kubica a free agent for the 2010 season.[35][36] For the 2010 season, it was announced that he had signed for Renault F1, the team he tested for during his junior career.[37]

Renault (2010–2011)[edit]

2010[edit]
Kubica driving for Renault at the 2010 Bahrain Grand Prix, the opening round of the season.

Kubica moved to the Renault team for 2010. His position was briefly put in doubt, however, by the team evaluating its future in the sport following the 2009 season in the wake of the "Crashgate" scandal and the parent company's financial problems. This resulted in a Luxembourg-based investment firm, Genii Capital, taking a 75% stake in the team; Renault retaining the remaining 25%.[38] Eric Boullier was also appointed as the new team manager. Kubica said he might not stay with Renault, as his contract was only valid if the parent company had a controlling stake in the team, but he then decided to remain with them.[39][40] On 31 January 2010, it was announced that Vitaly Petrov was to be Kubica's team-mate.

It was reported in Autosport that Ferrari driver Felipe Massa had until the 2010 British Grand Prix to prove the Maranello outfit that he is worth hanging onto or Kubica could take his seat in 2011.[41] However Ferrari re-signed Massa for 2011, leaving Kubica without a seat at the Italian team.

On 7 July 2010, it was confirmed that Kubica had extended his contract with Renault to 2012.[42]

Kubica scored both his and the team's best result of the year with second place at the Australian Grand Prix.

At the opening race of the 2010 season in Bahrain, Kubica was tagged by Adrian Sutil and spun on the opening lap but recovered to 11th. At the next race in Australia, he finished second after starting in ninth position. Fourth in Malaysia and fifth in China left him in seventh place in the drivers' championship, 20 points behind championship leader Jenson Button. Kubica felt that had there not been a second safety car period in China he could have finished on the podium. In Spain he finished eighth, but followed this up with another podium in Monaco, holding third throughout after losing second at the start to Sebastian Vettel. At the Turkish Grand Prix, he was held up behind Nico Rosberg for the second time in the season after Malaysia, and finished sixth.

In Canada, Kubica finished seventh after an eventful race and problems with tyre degradation which made his race difficult,[43] but did set the first fastest lap of his career in the race's closing stages. He added a fifth in Valencia and seventh in Germany before taking his third podium of the season in Belgium. He was competitive throughout the weekend, qualifying third, and only a bungled pitstop cost him second to Mark Webber. In Singapore, he qualified eighth in front of Schumacher. During the late stages of the race, he was forced to pit from sixth place due to a puncture. He was released from the pits to twelfth place, but with the help from superior grip and a series of overtaking moves—his move against Sutil was favourably compared to the incident between Webber and Hamilton—was able to claim seventh place, ultimately gaining a place from his qualifying result. In Suzuka, he managed to trail the Red Bulls throughout the weekend and translated it into a strong third place in qualifying. However, despite getting a good start and overtaking Webber at the start of the race, but would retire during the safety car period after losing one of his rear tyres.

Formula One journalist Mark Hughes remarked that Kubica was currently "arguably the best driver", considering the season so far. He emphasised Kubica's strong showing in tracks where Hughes believed that the differences in driver skills are able to overwhelm the differences in the capability of the cars; namely, Monaco, Spa and Suzuka.[44] Kubica managed to finish on the podium behind the Red Bulls except in Suzuka where he was strong throughout the weekend nevertheless, despite retiring from the race through no fault of his own.

2011[edit]
Kubica testing the R31 on Wednesday 2 February - days before his near fatal rally crash

Kubica was retained by Renault – rebranded as Lotus Renault GP through Lotus Cars sponsorship – into the 2011 season, again partnered with Petrov.[45] He tested the team's new car, the Renault R31, for the first time in Valencia on 2 February.[45] On the last day of testing in Valencia he set the fastest time of the session.[46]

Rally crash[edit]

On 6 February 2011, Kubica was injured in a crash on the first stage of the Ronde di Andora rally. He was driving a Super 2000-specification Škoda Fabia[47] in Testico when his car left the road at high speed and hit a crash barrier,[48] near the church of San Sebastiano.[49][50] Kubica was trapped in the car for more than an hour before rescue workers were able to extricate him.[51] He was flown by helicopter to Santa Corona Hospital in Pietra Ligure[52] near Savona, where it was confirmed that he had suffered partial amputation of his forearm, compound fractures to his right elbow, shoulder and leg, as well as significant loss of blood.[51][53][54] The severity of his injuries was the result of the crash barrier penetrating the car's cockpit, and hitting Kubica, while leaving his co-driver unscathed. Kubica underwent a seven-hour operation by seven doctors split into two teams, without complications.[51] Two more lengthy operations to repair fractures to his leg, shoulder and arm were performed successfully a few days later.[55][56] The condition of his hand was not clear for some time and as a result he missed the 2011 season.[57][58][59] As he was unable to start the season, Lotus Renault signed Nick Heidfeld as his replacement on 16 February, while Kubica still remained signed with the team for the 2011 season.[60] Bruno Senna replaced Heidfeld later in the season, at the Belgian Grand Prix. Kubica was released from hospital to begin his rehabilitation on 24 April 2011.[61] In November 2011 it was announced that Kubica would not be ready for the beginning of the 2012 season, forcing Renault, now Lotus F1, to begin the season with two other drivers, Kimi Räikkönen and Romain Grosjean.[62]

Return to racing (2012–)[edit]

Kubica at the 2013 Rally Finland

Kubica's recovery was dealt another setback after he re-broke his right leg, when he reportedly slipped on ice near his home in Italy, on 11 January 2012.[63] He remained out of competitive racing for most of 2012,[64] but returned to compete in the Ronde Gomitolo Di Lana in a WRC car on 9 September. He won the rally, finishing one minute ahead of the second placed driver.[65]

In 2013, Kubica continued his return, focusing on rallying. He is driving for Citroen in the European and World Rally-2 Championships.[8][9] His first event was the Rally de Portugal, in which he was competitive, but crashes and issues with his car led to him finishing in 6th. Then, at the Acropolis Rally, Kubica won, finishing nearly 90 seconds ahead of second placed Yuriy Protasov. He repeated this success at the Rally d'Italia winning ahead of Abdulaziz Al-Kuwari by 4 minutes. At the 2013 Rally Finland Kubica lost to Jari Ketomaa nearly 90 seconds. The Rallye Deutschland was a big success. Not only did the Pole win ahead of Elfyn Evans by 12.9 seconds, he became the leader of the World Rally-2 Championships. He re-gained this position (Al-Kuwari became the leader in Australia) at the Rallye de France, again beating Evans, this time by 4 minutes. He won again at the Rally RACC Catalunya, his fifth victory of the season. With this result he was able to clinch the championship, as his nearest rival Al-Kuwari was too far behind to regain the first position in the championship. Kubica conducted a number of simulator tests with the Mercedes Formula 1 team which showed promise, but limitations in the range of motion of his injured arm would prevent him from driving in twisty circuits like Monaco due to the tight confines of an F1 cockpit.[66]

In 2014, Kubica began his WRC campaign by taking the lead of the Monte Carlo Rally through the first two stages, but later retired on the second day after crashing out on SS9.

Racing record[edit]

Career summary[edit]

Season Series Team Races Wins Poles F/Laps Podiums Points Position
2001 Formula Renault 2000 Eurocup RC Motorsport 10 0 1 0 1 46 14th
Formula Renault 2000 Italy 5 0 0 1 1 27 13th
2002 Formula Renault 2000 Eurocup RC Motorsport 8 0 1 0 2 80 7th
Formula Renault 2000 Italy 10 4 3 5 6 188 2nd
Formula Renault 2000 Brazil RS2 1 1 1 1 1 N/A NC†
2003 Formula 3 Euro Series Prema Powerteam 13 1 0 3 2 31 12th
British Formula Three 2 0 0 0 0 N/A NC†
Masters of Formula Three 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 33rd
Macau Grand Prix Target Racing[67] 1 0 0 0 0 N/A NC
F3 Korea Super Prix 1 0 0 0 0 N/A 6th
2004 Formula 3 Euro Series Mücke Motorsport 20 0 0 0 3 53 7th
Macau Grand Prix Manor Motorsport 1 0 1 1 1 N/A 2nd
2005 Formula Renault 3.5 Series Epsilon Euskadi 17 4 3 1 11 154 1st
Macau Grand Prix Carlin Motorsport 1 0 0 0 1 N/A 2nd
Formula One Mild Seven Renault F1 Team Test driver
2006 Formula One BMW Sauber F1 Team 6 0 0 0 1 6 16th
2007 Formula One BMW Sauber F1 Team 16 0 0 0 0 39 6th
2008 Formula One BMW Sauber F1 Team 18 1 1 0 7 75 4th
2009 Formula One BMW Sauber F1 Team 17 0 0 0 1 17 14th
2010 Formula One Renault F1 Team 19 0 0 1 3 136 8th
2013 European Rally Championship PH Sport 4 0  –  – 0 17 29th
World Rally Championship-2 Robert Kubica 7 5  –  – 6 143 1st
World Rally Championship 8 0  –  – 0 18 13th
2014 European Rally Championship RK M-Sport WRT 1 1  –  – 1 39 6th*
World Rally Championship RK M-Sport World Rally Team 7 0  –  – 0 12 12th*

As Kubica was a guest driver, he was ineligible to score points.
* Season in progress.

Complete Formula Renault 2000 Eurocup results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 DC Points
2001 RC Motorsport MOZ
Ret
BRN
Ret
MAG
15
SIL
21
ZOL
Ret
HUN
6
SPI
Ret
NÜR
12
JAR
6
EST
2
14th 46
2002 RC Motorsport MAG
2
SIL
4
JAR
13
AND
3
OSC
10
SPA
Ret
IMO
27
DON EST
4
7th 80

Complete Formula Three Euroseries results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 DC Points
2003 Prema Powerteam Dallara F303/022 Spiess-Opel HOC1
1
HOC1
2
ADR
1
ADR
2
PAU
1
PAU
2
NOR
1

1
NOR
2

2
LMS
1

27
LMS
2

7
NÜR
1

9
NÜR
2

6
A1R
1

11
A1R
2

Ret
ZAN
1

7
ZAN
2

24
HOC2
1

24
HOC2
2

10
MAG
1

4
MAG
2

8
12th 31
2004 Mücke Motorsport Dallara F302/032 HWA-Mercedes HOC1
1

6
HOC1
2

7
EST
1

9
EST
2

23
ADR
1

17
ADR
1

Ret
PAU
1

3
PAU
2

2
NOR
1

19
NOR
1

4
MAG
1

9
MAG
2

5
NÜR
1

5
NÜR
2

2
ZAN
1

8
ZAN
2

5
BRN
1

10
BRN
2

8
HOC2
1

4
HOC2
2

7
7th 53

Complete Formula Renault 3.5 Series results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 DC Points
2005 Epsilon Euskadi ZOL
1

3
ZOL
2

1
MON
1

5
VAL
1

2
VAL
2

16
LMS
1

3
LMS
2

2
BIL
1

1
BIL
2

8
OSC
1

1
OSC
2

1
DON
1

3
DON
2

6
EST
1

2
EST
2

3
MNZ
1

Ret
MNZ
2

Ret
1st 154

Complete Formula One results[edit]

(key) (Races in bold indicate pole position) (Races in italics indicate fastest lap)

Year Entrant Chassis Engine 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 WDC Points
2006 BMW Sauber F1 Team BMW Sauber F1.06 BMW P86 2.4 V8 BHR
TD
MAL
TD
AUS
TD
SMR
TD
EUR
TD
ESP
TD
MON
TD
GBR
TD
CAN
TD
USA
TD
FRA
TD
GER
TD
HUN
DSQ
TUR
12
ITA
3
CHN
13
JPN
9
BRA
9
16th 6
2007 BMW Sauber F1 Team BMW Sauber F1.07 BMW P86/7 2.4 V8 AUS
Ret
MAL
18
BHR
6
ESP
4
MON
5
CAN
Ret
USA FRA
4
GBR
4
EUR
7
HUN
5
TUR
8
ITA
5
BEL
9
JPN
7
CHN
Ret
BRA
5
6th 39
2008 BMW Sauber F1 Team BMW Sauber F1.08 BMW P86/8 2.4 V8 AUS
Ret
MAL
2
BHR
3
ESP
4
TUR
4
MON
2
CAN
1
FRA
5
GBR
Ret
GER
7
HUN
8
EUR
3
BEL
6
ITA
3
SIN
11
JPN
2
CHN
6
BRA
11
4th 75
2009 BMW Sauber F1 Team BMW Sauber F1.09 BMW P86/9 2.4 V8 AUS
14
MAL
Ret
CHN
13
BHR
18
ESP
11
MON
Ret
TUR
7
GBR
13
GER
14
HUN
13
EUR
8
BEL
4
ITA
Ret
SIN
8
JPN
9
BRA
2
ABU
10
14th 17
2010 Renault F1 Team Renault R30 Renault RS27-2010 2.4 V8 BHR
11
AUS
2
MAL
4
CHN
5
ESP
8
MON
3
TUR
6
CAN
7
EUR
5
GBR
Ret
GER
7
HUN
Ret
BEL
3
ITA
8
SIN
7
JPN
Ret
KOR
5
BRA
9
ABU
5
8th 136

Complete World Rally Championship results[edit]

Year Entrant Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Pos. Points
2013 Robert Kubica Citroën DS3 RRC MON
SWE
MEX
POR
19
ARG
GRE
11
ITA
9
FIN
9
GER
5
AUS
FRA
9
ESP
9
13th 18
Abu Dhabi Citroën Total WRT Citroën DS3 WRC GBR
Ret
2014 RK M-Sport WRT Ford Fiesta RS WRC MON
Ret
SWE
24
MEX
Ret
POR
Ret
ARG
6
ITA
8
POL
20
FIN
34
GER
Ret
AUS
9
FRA
Ret
ESP GBR 15th* 14*

* Season in progress.

Complete World Rally Championship-2 results[edit]

Year Entrant Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Pos. Points
2013 Robert Kubica Citroën DS3 RRC MON
SWE
MEX
POR
6
ARG
GRE
1
ITA
1
FIN
2
GER
1
AUS
FRA
1
ESP
1
GBR
1st 143

Complete European Rally Championship results[edit]

Year Entrant Car 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Pos. Points
2013 PH Sport Citroën DS3 RRC JÄN
LIE
CAN
Ret
AZO
6
COR
Ret
YPR
ROM
CZE
POL
Ret
CRO
SAN
VAL
29th 17
2014 RK M-Sport WRT Ford Fiesta RRC JÄN
1
LIE
ROM
ACR
IRE
AZO
YPR
EST
CZE
CYP
VAL
COR
6th* 39*

* Season in progress.

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Robert Kubica to miss start of 2012 season". BBC Sport (BBC). 23 November 2011. Retrieved 23 November 2011. 
  2. ^ "Kubica undergoes emergency surgery after rally crash in Italy". CNN (Turner Broadcasting System). 6 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  3. ^ "F1 ace Kubica 'much better' after rally crash in Italy". CNN (Turner Broadcasting System). 7 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  4. ^ "Formula 1 driver Kubica targets quick return". The Sydney Morning Herald (Fairfax Media). 11 February 2011. Retrieved 11 February 2011. 
  5. ^ "F1 return 'nearly impossible' - Kubica". ESPN F1. 12 November 2013. Retrieved 12 July 2014. 
  6. ^ Beer, Matt. "Robert Kubica wins domestic rally on return to competition". Autosport. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Kubica Victorious, But Physically Limited on Return". Crash.net. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "Robert Kubica will star in rallying, according to Petter Solberg". Autosport. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  9. ^ a b "Kosciuszko surprised at Kubica WRC decision". WRC. Retrieved 12 March 2013. 
  10. ^ Beer, Matt (13 December 2013). "Robert Kubica commits to 2014 WRC with M-Sport". Autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  11. ^ BMW snaps up Kubica ITV-F1.com. Reported on site 22 December 2005, 01:33
  12. ^ "Villeneuve feels let down by BMW". GPUpdate.net. 7 August 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  13. ^ Kubica disqualified, Schumacher scores Formula1.com. Retrieved Unknown
  14. ^ Villeneuve parts company with BMW news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved Unknown
  15. ^ "Kubica to finish season with BMW". GPUpdate.net. 10 August 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  16. ^ "Reaction: Toyota, Red Bull and Honda". sportinglife.com. 2007-06-10. Retrieved 2008-06-11. 
  17. ^ "Kubica's crash data disclosed". autosport.com. 2007-06-20. Retrieved 2007-06-20. 
  18. ^ Benson, Andrew; Orlovac, Mark (2007-06-10). "Canadian Grand Prix". news.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2007-06-11. 
  19. ^ "UPDATE: Kubica has broken leg". crash.net. 2007-06-10. Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  20. ^ "Unhurt Kubica to leave hospital on Monday". homeofsport.com. 2007-06-10. Archived from the original on 2007-09-29. Retrieved 2007-06-10. 
  21. ^ "Kubica 'feels ready for US race'". BBC Sport (BBC). 13 June 2007. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  22. ^ "Kubica leaves hospital after crash in Montreal". iht.com. 2007-06-11. Retrieved 2007-06-11. 
  23. ^ "Vettel to replace Kubica at Indianapolis". autosport.com. 2007-06-14. Retrieved 2007-06-14. 
  24. ^ "Heidfeld and Kubica stay at BMW". news.bbc.co.uk. 2007-08-21. Retrieved 2007-08-21. 
  25. ^ "Kubica targets F1 title after win". BBC News. 2008-06-08. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  26. ^ Tremayne, David (2008-06-09). "Kubica celebrates first win as Hamilton rues pit-stop shunt". London: The Independent. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  27. ^ "2008 Formula 1 Fuji Television Japanese Grand Prix – Fastest Laps". www.formula1.com. Retrieved 2008-10-16. 
  28. ^ Benson, Andrew (2008-10-12). "Japanese Grand Prix". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2008-10-12. 
  29. ^ "Australian GP – Sunday – Team quotes". grandprix.com. 29 March 2009. Retrieved 13 April 2009. 
  30. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (2009-03-29). "Vettel gets grid penalty for Malaysia". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 2009-04-13. 
  31. ^ "Vettel gets 10-place grid penalty". BBC Sport (BBC). 2009-03-29. Retrieved 2009-04-03. 
  32. ^ "Spanish Grand Prix – selected driver quotes". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 2009-05-10. Retrieved 2010-04-03. 
  33. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (2009-09-27). "Kubica: The most difficult point ever". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 2010-04-03. 
  34. ^ Beer, Matt (2009-10-07). "Kubica joins Renault for 2010". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 2010-04-03. 
  35. ^ Noble, Jonathan (2009-07-29). "BMW will quit F1 at the end of 2009". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 2010-04-03. 
  36. ^ Elizalde, Pablo; Lostia, Michele (2009-07-30). "Manager says Kubica now on the market". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 2010-04-03. 
  37. ^ Strang, Simon (2009-08-20). "Kubica "open-minded" on 2010 options". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 2010-04-03. 
  38. ^ Benson, Andrew (2009-12-10). "Deal struck to keep Renault in F1". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  39. ^ Benson, Andrew (2009-12-16). "Kubica may not stay with Renault". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  40. ^ Benson, Andrew (2010-01-04). "Kubica to stay with Renault team". BBC News. Retrieved 2010-05-22. 
  41. ^ Straw, Edd (2010-04-08). "Massa fights for Ferrari future". Autosport (Haymarket Publications) 200 (2): pp. 10–11. 
  42. ^ Collantine, Keith (2010-07-07). "Kubica extends Renault deal to 2012". F1 Fanatic (Keith Collantine). Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  43. ^ Noble, Jonathan (2010-06-14). "Kubica eyes step forward in Valencia". autosport.com (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 2010-09-01. 
  44. ^ Hughes, Mark (2010-10-12). "Why Robert Kubica is arguably the best driver in F1". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 2010-10-19. 
  45. ^ a b "Petrov to sample new Renault first". crash.net (Crash Media Group). 26 January 2011. Retrieved 27 January 2011. 
  46. ^ "Renault's Kubica leads field as test ends". Formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 3 February 2011. Retrieved 5 February 2011. 
  47. ^ Beer, Matt; Noble, Jonathan (6 February 2011). "Kubica hospitalised after rally crash". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  48. ^ "Andava veloce ma ero convinto non sbandasse". La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 10 February 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011. 
  49. ^ "Testico Gli Abitanti: Come ex voto potrebbe riparare il tetto della Chiesa "San Sebastiano l'ha salvato"". La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 10 February 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011. 
  50. ^ "Una sequenza di sei curve pericolose". La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 8 February 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011. 
  51. ^ a b c Strang, Simon; Lostia, Michele (7 February 2011). "Kubica to undergo second surgery". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 7 February 2011. 
  52. ^ "Pietra Ligure il pilota migliora dopo il lungo intervento di Venerdi' Riabilitazione al simulatore del S. Corona Lo staff di Kubica ha visionato e "promosso" il sistema robotico di Unita' spinale". La Stampa (in Italian) (Editrice La Stampa). 13 February 2011. Retrieved 27 February 2011. 
  53. ^ "Formula 1 driver Robert Kubica injured in rally crash". BBC Sport (BBC). 6 February 2011. Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  54. ^ Noble, Jonathan (6 February 2011). "Kubica suffers multiple fractures". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  55. ^ Elizalde, Pablo (17 February 2011). "Kubica undergoes final surgery". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 17 February 2011. 
  56. ^ Lostia, Michele; Beer, Matt (12 February 2011). "Kubica requires one more operation". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 12 February 2011. 
  57. ^ "Robert Kubica faces elbow surgery as fears grow he may lose use of hand". Metro (Associated Newspapers). 14 February 2011. Retrieved 15 February 2011. 
  58. ^ Noble, Jonathan; Lostia, Michele (6 February 2011). "Kubica could be sidelined for 2011". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  59. ^ Noble, Jonathan (7 February 2011). "Kubica's condition is 'stable but serious'". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 6 February 2011. 
  60. ^ "Renault confirm Heidfeld as Kubica stand-in". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 16 February 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  61. ^ "Kubica discharged from Italian hospital". formula1.com (Formula One Administration). 24 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  62. ^ Benson, Andrew (11 January 2012). "Robert Kubica breaks right leg in accident". BBC Sport (BBC). Retrieved 11 January 2012. 
  63. ^ "Robert Kubica breaks right leg in accident". BBC News. 11 January 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2012. 
  64. ^ "F1 Return for Kubica Uncertain - Alonso". The Motor Report (The Motor Report Pty Ltd.). GMM. 22 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  65. ^ Beer, Matt (9 September 2012). "Robert Kubica wins domestic rally on return to competition". Autosport (Haymarket Publications). Retrieved 15 December 2012. 
  66. ^ "Kubica: F1 return nearly impossible.". Autosport (crash.net). 12 November 2013. Retrieved 11 January 2014. 
  67. ^ "2003 Macau Formula 3 Grand Prix Entry List". macau.grandprix.gov.mo. Macau Grand Prix. Retrieved 2010-02-05. 

References[edit]

All Formula One race and championship results are taken from:

  • Official Formula 1 Website. Archive: Results for 2006 – Present seasons Formula1.com. Retrieved 22 August 2006

External links[edit]

Sporting positions
Preceded by
Heikki Kovalainen
World Series by Renault
Champion

2005
Succeeded by
Alx Danielsson
Preceded by
Craig Breen (S-WRC)
World Rally Championship-2
Champion

2013
Succeeded by
Incumbent
Awards
Preceded by
Felipe Massa
Lorenzo Bandini Trophy
2008
Succeeded by
Sebastian Vettel
Preceded by
Adam Małysz
Polish Sportspersonality of the Year
2008
Succeeded by
Justyna Kowalczyk
Preceded by
N/A
FIA Personality of the Year
2013
Succeeded by
Incumbent