Robert L. Fish
|Robert L. Fish|
21 August 1912|
|Died||23 February 1981
|Pen name||Robert L. Pike,
Robert Lloyd Fish (21 August 1912 – 23 February 1981) was an American writer of crime fiction. His first novel, The Fugitive, gained him the Mystery Writers of America's Edgar Allan Poe Award for best first novel in 1962, and his short story "Moonlight Gardener" was awarded the Edgar for best short story in 1972. His 1963 novel Mute Witness, written under the pseudonym Robert L. Pike, was filmed in 1968 as Bullitt, starring Steve McQueen.
Fish was born in Cleveland, Ohio, and studied engineering at Case School of Applied Science, where he graduated in 1933. Thereafter, he had a successful career in engineering management and consultancy, working in several countries that he later used as settings for his stories.
In 1960, while working in Rio de Janeiro, where he had lived for the previous decade, Fish submitted his first short story to Ellery Queen's Mystery Magazine. He subsequently wrote over 30 novels and numerous short stories.
In 1963, Fish completed the Jack London-novel The Assassination Bureau, Ltd based on the unfinished manuscript with additional notes by London and an ending outline done by London's wife Charmian shortly before her death in 1955.
- 1962 Mystery Writers of America's Edgar Allan Poe Award for best first novel: The Fugitive
- 1972 Edgar Allan Poe Award for best short story: "Moonlight Gardener", Argosy, December 1971
The Robert L. Fish Memorial Award, sponsored by the author's estate, has been awarded annually since 1984 by the Mystery Writers of America for the best first short story by an American author.
- Vizzier, Anne R, "Robert L. Fish", in Rollyson, Carl (ed) (2008). Critical Survey of Myster and Detective Fiction. Salem Press. ISBN 978-1-58765-397-1.
- "Best Short Story Mystery Edgar Award Winners and Nominees". Retrieved 3 March 2011.