Robert Latimer McCook

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Robert Latimer McCook
RLMcCook.jpg
Robert Latimer McCook
Born (1827-12-28)December 28, 1827
New Lisbon, Ohio
Died August 6, 1862(1862-08-06) (aged 34)
Huntsville, Alabama
Place of burial Spring Grove Cemetery Cincinnati, Ohio
Allegiance United States United States of America
Union
Service/branch United States Union Army
Years of service 1861 - 1862
Rank Union army brig gen rank insignia.jpg Brigadier General
Commands held Ohio 9th Ohio Infantry
Battles/wars American Civil War

Robert Latimer McCook (December 28, 1827 - August 6, 1862) was a general in the Union Army during the American Civil War who was killed by Confederate partisans in Alabama.

Birth and early years[edit]

McCook was born in New Lisbon, Ohio, one of the famed Fighting McCooks. He studied law in the Steubenville office of Stanton and McCook[1] opening an office there by age 21.[2] He then moved to Cincinnati, where he developed a large legal practice and socialized in local Democratic political circles. Originally a supporter of President James Buchanan, as war became inevitable, he distanced himself from the president's policies.

Civil War[edit]

With the outbreak of the Civil War, McCook organized the 9th Ohio Infantry, a regiment primarily composed of recent German immigrants, in early 1861 and was appointed as its first colonel. After drilling his men at Camp Dennison, they took to the field in mid-June. McCook commanded a brigade in the West Virginia campaign under George B. McClellan, fighting in a number of battles, including Rich Mountain and Carnifex Ferry.

McCook's brigade was then transferred in the late autumn to the Army of the Ohio, and took an active part in the Battle of Mill Springs in Kentucky in January 1862. There, McCook was severely wounded while leading a daring bayonet charge on the Confederate lines. His men carried the position and routed their enemy.

McCook was promoted as a brigadier general of volunteers on March 21, 1862, while still away from the army recovering from his injury. He rejoined his command before his wound had fully healed, and found that he could no longer travel long distances on horseback. He was shot in a skirmish with the 4th Alabama Cavalry near Huntsville, Alabama. Northern versions claimed he was shot by Confederate guerrillas while lying helpless in an ambulance, but a Southern version disputes this.[3] In agony from a mortal wound in the intestines, he was taken to a nearby house, where he died within 24 hours.

John Beatty wrote in his book, The Citizen-Soldier or Memoirs of a Volunteer, "...McCook was killed while lying in the ambulance defenseless. When the Dutchmen of his old regiment learned of the unfortunate occurrence they became uncontrollable, and destroyed the buildings and property on five plantations near the scene of the murder. McCook had recently been promoted for gallantry at Mill Springs. He was brave, bluff, talented man, and his loss will be sorely felt".[citation needed]

McCook was interred in Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Howe 1889 : 367-368
  2. ^ PD-icon.svg Wilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1863). "Obituary: Aug 5—McCook Brig-Gen. Robert L.". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton. p. 669. 
  3. ^ Although suffereing from dysintry "By this time McCook had taken the reins from the teamster and was trying to extricate the wagon from the embankment. [He was shot and when] the 'guerrilla' leader rode up to the wagon and identified himself as Captain Frank B. Gurley of Forrest's cavalry. McCook apparently accepted the wound as the fortunes of war and did not express any bitterness or animosity toward Gurley" ("From Our Past VII: Capt. Frank B. Gurley and the Civil War - Part One", Gurley Lions Club serving the Gurley community since 1948, November 2008, retrieved April 2013  citing John W. Powell in the Civil War Times around 1975)

References[edit]

Attribution
PD-icon.svg This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWilson, James Grant; Fiske, John, eds. (1891). "article name needed". Appletons' Cyclopædia of American Biography. New York: D. Appleton.