Robert M. Carter

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Robert M. Carter
Bob Carter portrait.JPG
Born 1942
England
Residence England, New Zealand, Australia
Citizenship British, Australian
Nationality English
Fields Earth Science, Geology, Paleontology
Institutions University of Otago, University of Adelaide, James Cook University
Alma mater University of Otago, University of Cambridge
Thesis The Functional Morphology of Bivalved Mollusca (1968)
Doctoral advisor M.J.S. Rudwick
Notable awards Hochstetter Lecturer, Geological Society of New Zealand (1975), Honorary Fellow, Royal Society of New Zealand (1997)

Robert Merlin "Bob" Carter is a palaeontologist, stratigrapher and marine geologist who is best known as a prominent Australian climate change skeptic. He was professor and head of the School of Earth Sciences at James Cook University from 1981 to 1998.[1][2]

Early life and education[edit]

Carter was born in England and emigrated to New Zealand in 1956.[3] He obtained a B.Sc. (Hons) in geology from the University of Otago in 1963 and returned to England to complete a Ph.D. in paleontology from the University of Cambridge in 1968.[1] His doctoral thesis was titled The Functional Morphology of Bivalved Mollusca.[3]

Career[edit]

Carter began his career as an assistant lecturer in geology at the University of Otago in 1963 and advanced to senior lecturer after obtaining his Ph.D. in 1968. He was professor and head of the School of Earth Sciences at James Cook University from 1981 to 1998, an adjunct research professor at the Marine Geophysical Laboratory at James Cook University from 1998 to 2005 and a visiting research professor in geology and geophysics at the University of Adelaide from 2001 to 2005.[1][4][5]

He has published over 100 research papers on taxonomic palaeontology, palaeoecology, the growth and form of the molluscan shell, New Zealand and Pacific geology, stratigraphic classification, sequence stratigraphy, sedimentology, the Great Barrier Reef, Quaternary geology, and sea-level and climate change.[5][6] Carter has published primary research in the field of palaeoclimatology, investigating New Zealand's climate extending back to 3.9 Ma.[7][8]

Carter retired from James Cook University in 2002, maintaining the status of "adjunct professor" until January 2013, when Carter's position of adjunct professor was not renewed. He maintains an association with several think tanks that disagree with some aspects of the scientific consensus on climate change. He is a founding member of the New Zealand Climate Science Coalition,[9] an emeritus fellow and science policy advisor at the Institute of Public Affairs,[10] a science advisor at the Science and Public Policy Institute,[11] and the chief science advisor for the International Climate Science Coalition (ICSC).[5]

He has served as chair of the Earth Sciences Discipline Panel of the Australian Research Council, director of the Australian Office of the Ocean Drilling Program (ODP), and Co-Chief Scientist on ODP Leg 181 (Southwest Pacific Gateway).[1][12][13]

Carter has been a member of the American Geophysical Union, the Geological Society of America, the Geological Society of Australia, the Geological Society of New Zealand and the Society of Sedimentary Geology.[1]

Global warming controversy[edit]

Carter is critical of the IPCC and believes statements about dangerous[14] human-caused global warming are unjustified.[15] In 2006, he argued against climate change being "man-made" by asserting that the global average temperature did not increase between 1998 and 2005, while the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere increased.[16] In 2007, Carter participated in an expert panel discussion after the airing of The Great Global Warming Swindle documentary on ABC.[17][18]

His position on global warming has been criticized by other scientists such as David Karoly,[19] James Renwick[20] and Ove Hoegh-Guldberg.[21]

He has published several critiques of global warming in economics journals.[14][22] In 2009, he co-authored a paper in the Journal of Geophysical Research, which argues that the El Niño-Southern Oscillation can account for most of the global temperature variation of the last fifty years.[23] A comment criticizing this paper was published by nine other scientists in the same journal.[24]

Carter appeared as a witness before the 2009 select committee on climate policy of the Parliament of Australia,[25] and testified before the United States Senate [26] on the issue of climate change. He is a contributor and reviewer of the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate Change (NIPCC) 2009 report Climate Change Reconsidered, and lead author of the 2011 interim report.[27][28]

In 2012, documents acquired from The Heartland Institute revealed that Carter was paid a monthly fee of $1,667 (USD) "as part of a program to pay 'high-profile individuals who regularly and publicly counter the alarmist [anthropogenic global warming] message'."[29] While Carter did not deny that the payments took place, he declined to discuss the payments.[29] Carter has emphatically denied that his scientific opinion on climate change can be bought.[30]

Awards and honors[edit]

Selected publications[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Robert M. Carter". Community of Science. Archived from the original on 23 July 2011. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ "Search Results for "Bob Carter"". James Cook University. Retrieved 2012-05-07. 
  3. ^ a b Carter, R.M. (1973). "A discussion and classification of subaqueous mass-transport with particular application to grain-flow, slurry-flow, and fluxoturbidites". Earth-Science Reviews 11 (2): 145. doi:10.1016/0012-8252(75)90098-7. Retrieved 2012-07-10. 
  4. ^ "Robert M. Carter". Heartland Institute. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  5. ^ a b c "Professor Robert M. Carter - ICSC Chief Science Advisor". International Climate Science Coalition (ICSC). Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  6. ^ "Research Papers". Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  7. ^ Carter, Robert M. (2005). "A New Zealand climatic template back to c. 3.9 Ma: ODP Site 1119, Canterbury Bight, south‐west Pacific Ocean, and its relationship to onland successions". Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 35 (1-2): 9–42. doi:10.1080/03014223.2005.9517776. 
  8. ^ Carter, R.M.; Fulthorpe, C.S.; Lu, H.; (2004). "Canterbury Drifts at Ocean Drilling Program Site 1119, New Zealand: climatic modulation of southwest Pacific intermediate water flows since 3.9 Ma". Geology 32 (11): 1005–1008. Bibcode:2004Geo....32.1005C. doi:10.1130/G20783.1. 
  9. ^ "About Us & Contact: Inaugural Climate Scientists". New Zealand Climate Science Coalition. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  10. ^ "People and associates: IPA Staff". Australia: Institute of Public Affairs. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  11. ^ "Personnel". Science and Public Policy Institute. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  12. ^ "ODP Australia - Historical Summary in 2001". Marine Geoscience Office (MARGO). Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  13. ^ "The Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) - Australian Legs ODP Leg 181". Marine Geoscience Office (MARGO). Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  14. ^ a b Carter, Robert M. (2008). "Knock, Knock: Where is the Evidence for Dangerous Human-Caused Global Warming?". Economic Analysis and Policy 38 (2): 177–202. 
  15. ^ Solomon, Lawrence (17 July 2007). "What global warming, Australian skeptic asks". National Post. Retrieved 2008-08-24. 
  16. ^ Carter, Bob (4 April 2006). "There IS a problem with global warming... it stopped in 1998". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  17. ^ "About The Film: 8.30pm Thursday, July 12th on ABC TV and ABC2". Australia: ABC Television. 12 July 2007. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  18. ^ David Karoly, Bob Carter, Robyn Williams, Michael Duffy, Greg Bourne, Ray Evans, Nikki Williams, Nick Rowley (12 July 2007). The Great Global Warming Swindle (Television). Australia: ABC Television. 
  19. ^ Karoly, David (24 June 2011). "Bob Carter's climate counter-consensus is an alternate reality". The Conversation. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  20. ^ Renowden, Gareth (9 April 2011). "Climate: The Counter Consensus (Review)". Sciblogs.co.nz. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  21. ^ Hoegh-Guldberg, Ove (16 June 2011). "Who's your expert? The difference between peer review and rhetoric". The Conversation. Retrieved 2012-02-10. 
  22. ^ Carter, Robert M.; de Freitas, Chris; Goklany, Indur M.; Holland, David; Lindzen, Richard S. (2007). "Climate Science and the Stern Review". World Economics 8 (2): 161–182. 
  23. ^ McLean, J. D.; de Freitas, C. R.; Carter, R. M. (2009). "Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature". Journal of Geophysical Research 114 (D14). Bibcode:2009JGRD..11414104M. doi:10.1029/2008JD011637. 
  24. ^ Foster G.; Annan, J.D.; Jones, P.D.; Mann, M.E.; Mullan, B.; Renwick, J.; Salinger, J.; Schmidt, G.A.; Trenberth, K. E. (2010). "Comment on "Influence of the Southern Oscillation on tropospheric temperature" by J. D. McLean, C. R. de Freitas, and R. M. Carter". Journal of Geophysical Research 115. Bibcode:2010JGRD..11509110F. doi:10.1029/2009JD012960. 
  25. ^ "SELECT COMMITTEE ON CLIMATE POLICY: Emissions trading and reducing carbon pollution". Parliament of Australia. 15 April 2009. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  26. ^ Carter, Robert M. (6 December 2006). "PUBLIC MISPERCEPTIONS OF HUMAN-CAUSED CLIMATE CHANGE: THE ROLE OF THE MEDIA". United States Senate. Retrieved 2012-08-04. 
  27. ^ Idso, Craig; Singer, S. Fred (2009). Climate Change Reconsidered: 2009 Report. Chicago: Heartland Institute. ISBN 1934791288. 
  28. ^ Idso, Craig; Carter, Robert M.; Singer, S. Fred (2011). Climate Change Reconsidered: 2011 Interim Report. Chicago: Heartland Institute. ISBN 1934791369. 
  29. ^ a b Cubby, Ben (16 February 2012). "Scientist denies he is mouthpiece of US climate-sceptic think tank". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  30. ^ Readfearn, Graham (16 February 2012). "Dollars, documents and denial: a tangled web". Australia: ABC. Retrieved 2012-07-08. 
  31. ^ "GSNZ Awards". Geological Society of New Zealand. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  32. ^ "List of Current Honorary Fellows of the Royal Society of New Zealand". Royal Society of New Zealand. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 

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