|Dr Robert McIntyre
MB ChB DPH JP
|President of the Scottish National Party|
May 1958 – May 1980
|Preceded by||Tom Gibson|
|Succeeded by||William Wolfe|
|Leader of the Scottish National Party|
May 1947 – May 1956
|Preceded by||Bruce Watson|
|Succeeded by||James Halliday|
|Member of Parliament
12 April 1945 – 5 July 1945
|Preceded by||James Walker|
|Succeeded by||Alexander Anderson|
15 December 1913|
Motherwell, Lanarkshire, Scotland
|Died||2 February 1998
|Political party||Scottish National Party (1940–1998)|
|Labour Party (1936-1940)|
|Spouse(s)||Letitia Macleod (m. 1954-1998)|
|Alma mater||University of Edinburgh
University of Glasgow
McIntyre studied medicine at the University of Edinburgh and the University of Glasgow, and worked as a GP and a consultant pulmonologist. He came to political prominence in 1945 when he won the Motherwell by-election, becoming the SNP's first ever Member of Parliament (MP).
McIntyre served as the Leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) from 1947 to 1956, and as President of the SNP from 1958 to 1980. He was the Provost of Stirling from 1967 to 1975. Known affectionately as "Doc Mac", he was often referred to as the "Father of the SNP".
Early life and medical career
McIntyre was born in Motherwell, the son of John Ebenezer McIntyre, a minister of the United Free Church of Scotland. He was educated at Hamilton Academy and Daniel Stewart's College. After a short period working in an accountants’ office, McIntyre managed to acquire the necessary qualifications to enter the University of Edinburgh, where he initially studied chemistry, before switching to study medicine.
At university he was chairman of the University Labour Party and an active member of Edinburgh University Socialist Society. He also served as the University Labour Party's delegate on the Edinburgh Trades and Labour Council in 1935.
In December 1938, McIntyre graduated with an MB ChB, and joined a general practice in Warwick, England as an assistant. Following brief spells as a General practitioner in Musselburgh and Polmont, he served as a house surgeon at Stirling Royal Infirmary, and then as House Physician at Bangour Village Hospital. In this period, he developed an interest in the area of public health and studied at the University of Glasgow to gain a Diploma in Public Health. After qualifying, McIntyre was appointed as Senior Resident at Hawkhead Hospital in Paisley, a hospital for infectious diseases. The early 1940s witnessed a dramatic increase in the confirmed cases of diphtheria in Scotland. McIntyre was in charge of a major campaign of diphtheria immunization directed at Paisley’s schoolchildren, visiting every school in the area to persuade the children and their parents to have anti-toxin administered against the lethal disease.
Robert McIntyre then took up a position under Glasgow Corporation’s Department of Health as Port Boarding Medical Officer, based at Greenock. This involved his being part of a team which had the responsibility of ensuring that ships were free of infections before they proceeded up the River Clyde to Glasgow, and also liaising with the vessels’ medical staff.
Following his defeat at the 1945 general election, he served for a short period as a locum GP on North Uist, before obtaining a position with Stirling County Council as a Tuberculosis Officer responsible to the Medical Officer for Health. With the creation of the National Health Service in 1948, McIntyre was appointed as Consultant Chest Physician at Stirling Royal Infirmary. He would remain in the post until his retirement.
McIntyre had joined the Labour Party in 1936, and was active in Labour politics at Edinburgh University. However, he had become increasingly disillusioned with the Labour Party's commitment to Scottish home rule and had been disappointed when he and his fellow students at the Edinburgh University Labour Party had sent a resolution to the Scottish Council of the Labour Party, only to be informed that the Council was not involved in the formation of Labour Party policy. Steeped in Scottish history and culture, he believed in the right of small nations to self-government.
In 1940 McIntyre joined the SNP and became the party's membership secretary when it was still headed by John MacCormick, but he resisted MacCormick's later attempts to change the SNP from supporting a policy of full Scottish independence to supporting a modicum of Home Rule. MacCormick would leave the SNP in 1942 from which point McIntyre became the party's leading figure, serving as National Secretary (1942-1945) and as vice-chairman (1945-1947), before being chosen as Chairman (leader) of the SNP in May 1947.
On 13 April 1945, shortly before the end of World War II, McIntyre won the Motherwell by-election, with a majority of 617 votes over his Labour opponent. He made history as the first SNP candidate to be elected as a Member of Parliament. Upon arriving at Parliament, he had difficulty finding the customary two sponsors to allow him to take his seat, as members did not want to break party loyalties. Two reluctant sponsors were found but McIntyre chose to present himself to the Speaker alone, later writing "I very clearly stated to the people of Motherwell and Wishaw that I would give no allegiance to the London-controlled parties". A vote to waive the rule was lost, and eventually he accepted the sponsorship of James Barr and Alexander Sloan "under protest".
He lost the seat only three months later in the 1945 general election, to the Labour candidate. He then returned to his medical practice, working in Stirling Royal Infirmary to treat and prevent tuberculosis. However, he continued to stand in every subsequent general election, up to October 1974.
After McIntyre stood down as leader in 1956, he was elected as President of the Scottish National Party, holding this office until 1980. In 1956 he was also elected as a member of Stirling Burgh Council, a position he held until 1975. He was Provost of Stirling from 1967 to 1975. MacIntyre was first (and last) vice-president of the Celtic League (from 1961–71). Gwynfor Evans was president at the time.
Robert McIntyre died on 2 February 1998.
- Detailed biography of McIntyre by Dick Douglas, former Labour and SNP MP
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Robert McIntyre
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Motherwell
April 1945–July 1945
|Party political offices|
|Chairman (Leader) of the Scottish National Party
|President of the Scottish National Party