Robert Moberly (priest)
He was the son of George Moberly, Bishop of Salisbury, and faithfully maintained the traditions of his father's teaching. Educated at Twyford School, Winchester and New College, Oxford, he was appointed senior student of Christ Church in 1867 and tutor in 1869. In 1876 he went out with Bishop Copleston to Ceylon for six months.
After his return he became the first head of St Stephen's House, Oxford (1876–1878), and then, after presiding for two years over the Theological College at Salisbury, where he acted as his father's chaplain, he accepted the college living of Great Budworth in Cheshire in 1880, and the same year married Alice, the daughter of his father's predecessor, Walter Kerr Hamilton. In 1892, Lord Salisbury made him Regius Professor of Pastoral Theology at the University of Oxford and a Canon of Christ Church Cathedral in that city. He was appointed an Honorary Chaplain to Queen Victoria in July 1898, and in early January 1901 was appointed Chaplain-in-Ordinary to Her Majesty. The Queen died later that month, and Moberly was re-appointed Chaplain-in-Ordinary to her successor King Edward VII.
His chief writings were:
- 1889: "The Incarnation as the Basis of Dogma", an essay in Lux Mundi
- 1891: Belief in a Personal God, a paper
- 1896: Reason and Religion, a protest against the limitation of the reason to the understanding
- 1897: Ministerial Priesthood
- 1901: Atonement and Personality. In this last work, by which he is chiefly known, he aimed at presenting an explanation and a vindication of the doctrine of the Atonement by the help of the conception of personality. Rejecting the retributive view of punishment, he describes the sufferings of Christ as those of the perfect "Penitent," and finds their expiatory value to lie in the Person of the Sufferer, the God-Man.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press
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