Robert Needham Philips
Robert Needham Philips DL (1815 – 28 February 1890) was an English merchant and manufacturer in the Lancashire textiles business, a Liberal Party politician, and the grandfather of the Whig historian G. M. Trevelyan.
He lived in Manchester and in Warwickshire, and after holding at least three ceremonial appointments he was the Member of Parliament (MP) for the borough of Bury, a mill town which was then in Lancashire, for a total of 22 years between 1857 and 1885.
Family and early life 
Philips was the youngest son Robert Philips, a merchant of The Park, Manchester, and his wife Anne née Needham. His older brother Mark (1800–1873) was one of the first two MPs to be elected for Manchester in 1832, after the Great Reform Act had given city parliamentary representation for the first time. The family's extensive estate on the boundary of Whitefield and Prestwich, in Greater Manchester (now within the Metropolitan Borough of Bury), is now Philips Park.
His father's business partnership, Philips, Wood & Co, was dissolved in 1844 after the death of both partners.
He married twice, firstly in 1845 to Anna Maria Yates from Liverpool, who died in 1851. He married again in 1856 to Mary Ellen Yates from London. His daughter Caroline was married in 1869 to George Otto Trevelyan (1838–1928), who was later a baronet; their youngest son was the historian G. M. Trevelyan (1876–1962), and their eldest son was the Liberal MP Sir Charles Trevelyan (1870–1958), who later joined the Labour Party and served in Ramsay Macdonald's cabinets as President of the Board of Education.
His residences were listed in 1881 as The Park, Manchester, and Welcombe, Stratford upon Avon, Warwickshire. He had inherited Welcombe House in 1873 on the death of his brother, and on his death the estate passed to his daughter Caroline.
Business interests 
He was a partner in a partnership of smallware manufacturers, with interests in Staffordshire, Lancashire, Westmorland and London, which was dissolved in 1855. He was also engaged in a similar partnership which was restructured in 1867. After his death in 1890 at the age of 85, a further partnership was dissolved, which had involved a bleaching and dyeing enterprise at Bagley in Lancashire, and bobbin manufacturing at Staveley in Westmorland.
Political career 
He was elected as the MP for Bury at the 1857 general election, but held the seat for only two years until he stood down from the House of Commons at the 1859 general election. He stood again in 1865, after which he held the seat until he retired from Parliament of the United Kingdom at the 1885 general election.
See also 
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "B" (part 6)[self-published source][better source needed]
- Robert Henry Mair. Debrett's illustrated House of Commons and the Judicial Bench 1881. London: Dean & son. p. 187. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- "Philips Park Restoration Project". Bury Council. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- "Mark Philips". Spartacus Educational. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 23 August 1844. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- Several different institutions have borne the name Manchester College, or a variation thereof. It is unclear which of them is referred to by the entry in Debretts.
- "Sir George Otto, Bart Trevelyan". Encyclopædia Britannica 1911, Volume 27. 1911. p. 255. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- The borough of Stratford-upon-Avon: Manors. A History of the County of Warwick:,Volume 3: Barlichway hundred. 1945. pp. 258–266. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 18 January 1856. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 18 January 1867. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 21 August 1891. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 14 October 1853. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 13 April 1855. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- The London Gazette: . 1 February 1856. Retrieved 24 July 2010.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989) . British parliamentary election results 1832–1885 (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 72. ISBN 0-900178-26-4.
- Gremson, Sara; Pringle, Ian, Winterbotham, Diana (2011). "Philips Park: Its history and development". Bury Council. Retrieved 15 May 2011.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Robert Philips
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
|Member of Parliament for Bury
1857 – 1859
|Member of Parliament for Bury
1865 – 1885
Sir Henry James