August 30, 1953 |
|Listed height||7 ft 0 in (2.13 m)|
|Listed weight||230 lb (104 kg)|
|NBA draft||1976 / Round: 1 / Pick: 8th overall|
|Selected by the Golden State Warriors|
|Pro playing career||1976–1997|
|1976–1980||Golden State Warriors|
|Career highlights and awards|
|Stats at Basketball-Reference.com|
|Basketball Hall of Fame as player|
Robert Lee Parish (born August 30, 1953) is a retired American basketball center. He was known for his strong defense and jump shooting, and was elected to the Basketball Hall of Fame in 2003. In 1996, Parish was also named as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History. His nickname was The Chief, after the fictitious Chief Bromden, a silent, giant Native American character in the film One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest. According to Parish, former Celtics forward Cedric Maxwell gave him this nickname because of his stoic nature. He played an NBA-record 1,611 regular season games in his career.
Although Parish had a successful college career at Centenary College of Louisiana from 1972–1976, he received virtually no notice because of one of the most severe penalties ever levied by the National Collegiate Athletic Association.
In 1965, the NCAA adopted the so-called "1.6 rule" to determine academic eligibility of incoming freshmen. Under its provisions, freshmen would academically qualify if their high school grades and standardized test scores predicted a minimum college grade point average of 1.6 on a 4-point scale.
Parish took a standardized test that did not fit the NCAA's formula; Centenary converted his score to an equivalent that would fit the formula, which it had done for 12 other athletes in the previous two years. This was a violation of NCAA regulations; however, the NCAA had not paid any attention to the school's actions before Parish's recruitment. Shortly before Parish was to enroll, the NCAA notified Centenary that he and four other basketball players whose test scores had been converted were ineligible to play there, but said that the school would not be subject to penalty if it rescinded the five scholarships. Centenary argued that the rule did not say that the school could not convert the scores of Parish and the other players, while the NCAA argued that Centenary could not use the test taken by Parish and the other players to establish eligibility. When Centenary refused to pull the scholarships, the NCAA issued one of the most draconian sanctions in its history. The school's basketball program was put on probation for 6 years, during which time it was not only barred from postseason play, but its results and statistics were excluded from weekly statistics and its existence was not acknowledged in the NCAA's annual press guides.
Literally within days of its decision, the NCAA repealed the 1.6 rule—but refused to make the five players eligible. A few months later, all five, including Parish, sued the NCAA for their eligibility at Centenary, but lost. The decision made Parish a sort of "invisible man" who racked up huge statistical totals in virtual obscurity. In his four years at Centenary, the Gents went 87-21 and spent 14 weeks in the AP Top 20 poll, mostly during his senior season in 1975-76. He averaged 21.6 points and 16.9 rebounds per game during his Centenary career. However, although the school recognizes his records, the NCAA to this day does not include Parish in its record books. For example, the NCAA's official Division I basketball records book includes a list of all players since the 1972-73 season (Parish's freshman year) to have averaged 15 rebounds during a season. To this day, Parish does not appear on this list, even though he averaged at least that many rebounds in each of his four seasons, and his career rebounding average is higher than that of any player on the NCAA's official list of post-1972 career rebounding leaders. The only mention of Parish's time at Centenary in the official NCAA record books is that of the Gents' appearances in the AP Poll from the 1973-74 through 1975-76 seasons.
While the Gents were on probation, another Louisiana school, the University of Southwestern Louisiana, was given the so-called "death penalty" by the NCAA in 1973 for falsifying transcripts; the Ragin' Cajuns basketball team was forbidden from playing during the 1973-74 and 1974-75 seasons.
Between his junior and senior years, he played for the US national team at the 1975 Pan American Games. His difficulties with the NCAA indirectly led to his not being recommended for a spot on the team. Centenary paid his way to Salt Lake City to try out; he made the team, was unanimously elected captain, and led the team to a gold medal.
Throughout his time at Centenary, Parish chose not to escape anonymity by either jumping to the National Basketball Association or American Basketball Association (the latter of which existed until the ABA-NBA merger in 1976), or by transferring to another college, even though the professional ranks offered him potential riches and a transfer would have given him eligibility and far more publicity. At the time, professional scouts did not question his physical skills, but were divided as to whether his decision to stay at Centenary was a show of loyalty or evidence of poor decision-making. One NBA scout said during Parish's senior season, "The jury is still out as to whether Parish can win games for a pro team. He can definitely play in the pros and he's going to get a lot of money, but that doesn't mean he's going to be another Abdul-Jabbar (whom he ended up passing in games played in his next-to-last season)." For his part, Parish would say during the same season, "I didn't transfer because Centenary did nothing wrong. And I have no regrets. None."
After college, Parish was drafted in the first round of the 1976 NBA Draft by the Golden State Warriors. He had also been drafted by the Utah Stars in the 1973 ABA Special Circumstances draft and by the Spurs in the 1975 ABA Draft. Parish signed with the Warriors. The Warriors were NBA Champions in 1975 (two seasons prior to Parish's rookie season). However, when Parish joined the Warriors, their decline had begun, and they missed the playoffs completely from 1978 to 1980.
Heading into the 1980 NBA Draft, the Boston Celtics (who already had small forward Larry Bird ready to start his second NBA season) held the number one overall pick. In a pre-draft trade, Celtics President Red Auerbach dealt the top pick and an additional first-round pick to the Warriors for Parish and the Warriors' first-round pick, the third overall. With that pick, the Celtics chose Kevin McHale. The Warriors then selected Joe Barry Carroll with the first pick, whose career eventually was shortened by injuries.
The Celtics now had an imposing frontcourt consisting of Bird, Parish, Cedric Maxwell, and McHale. Parish compared his transition from Golden State to Boston in a televised quote where he jokingly said it was like going from an outhouse to a penthouse. Playing 14 years with the Celtics from 1980 to 1994, Parish won three NBA titles (1981, 1984 and 1986) teaming with Bird and power forward McHale. Parish, Bird and McHale came to be known as "The Big Three". All three were named by the NBA to the NBA's 50th Anniversary All-Time Team and are regarded as one of the greatest frontcourts in NBA history.
He played two more seasons with the Charlotte Hornets and then played his final season with the Chicago Bulls in 1996-97, which led to his fourth NBA title. At 43, he was the third-oldest player to ever play an NBA game (behind Nat Hickey of the Providence Steamrollers, and Kevin Willis of the Dallas Mavericks) and as of 2013, his 1,611 games played over 21 seasons are unmatched. As of 2013, he is the oldest player to win an NBA championship.
He was known as a versatile center, using his 7' size and speed to contain opposing players, launch precise shots from outside the paint, and finish fast breaks - the latter uncanny for a man of his stature. Fellow Hall of Famer and teammate from 1985-87 Bill Walton once called Parish the "greatest shooting big man of all time", perhaps because of Parish's field goal and free throw shooting ability, an unusual talent among most centers. His trademark was his high release jump shot, which traversed a very high arc before falling.
In 1996, Parish, along with teammates Larry Bird and Kevin McHale, was selected as one of the 50 Greatest Players in NBA History. In 1998, in honor of his achievements, the Celtics retired Parish's famous #00 jersey number at halftime of a Celtics-Pacers game; this allowed Larry Bird, then head coach of the Pacers, to participate in the ceremony. He was enshrined in the Basketball Hall of Fame in 2003. He presently remains active as the Celtics' team consultant and mentor for current Celtics big men.
Top shot-blocking efforts
|11||at Cleveland Cavaliers||October 29, 1978|
|9||vs. Atlanta Hawks||March 17, 1982|
|8||at New Orleans Jazz||February 22, 1978|
|8||vs. Detroit Pistons||April 3, 1979|
|8||at Indiana Pacers||February 15, 1980|
|Points||40||at San Antonio Spurs||February 17, 1981|
|Field goals made||16|
|Field goal attempts||31|
|Free throws made, none missed||—|
|Free throws made, one missed||—|
|Free throws made||11|
|Free throw attempts||15||at San Antonio Spurs||February 17, 1981|
|Rebounds||32||vs. New York Knicks||March 30, 1979|
|Defensive rebounds||25||vs. New York Knicks||March 30, 1979|
|Field goals made, none missed||8-8||at Atlanta Hawks||May 16, 1988|
|Field goals made||12|
|Field goal attempts||22|
|Free throws made, none missed||—|
|Free throws made, one missed||—|
|Free throws made||4|
|Free throw attempts||6|
|Offensive rebounds||11||vs. Milwaukee Bucks||May 17, 1987|
|Steals||5 (OT)||vs. Los Angeles Lakers||May 31, 1984|
|Blocks||7||vs. Philadelphia 76ers||May 9, 1982|
- List of National Basketball Association players with 1000 games played
- List of National Basketball Association career scoring leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career rebounding leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career blocks leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career turnovers leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career playoff rebounding leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career playoff blocks leaders
- List of National Basketball Association career playoff turnovers leaders
- List of National Basketball Association players with most rebounds in a game
- List of National Basketball Association players with most blocks in a game
- Moses, Sam (1975-12-08). "Invisible In The Post". Sports Illustrated. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- "Prop 48: 25 Years Later". NCAA Champion Magazine. Summer 2008. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- At that time, freshmen were not eligible to play varsity athletics. The NCAA would allow freshmen to play varsity sports other than football and basketball in 1968, and extend freshman varsity eligibility to those sports in 1972.
- At that time, the Associated Press ranked only 20 teams instead of today's 25.
- "Robert Parish" (PDF). 2009-10 Centenary Gents Basketball Media Guide. Centenary Sports Information. p. 5. Retrieved 2010-06-24.
- "Division I All-Time Individual Leaders: Rebound Average (Since 1973)" (PDF). Official 2009 NCAA Men's Basketball Record Book. p. 19. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- "Division I All-Time Individual Leaders: Career Records, Rebound Average (For careers beginning in 1973 or after)" (PDF). Official 2009 NCAA Men's Basketball Record Book. p. 25. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
The NCAA lists seasons by the calendar years in which they end.
- "Division I Week-By-Week AP Polls" (PDF). Official 2009 NCAA Men's Basketball Record Book. p. 72. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- Moses, Sam (1975-12-08). "Invisible In The Post". Sports Illustrated. p. 2. Retrieved 2008-11-20.
- John Stockton: Still Going Strong at 41, published March 26, 2003
- Career statistics at Basketball-Reference.com. Accessed June 17, 2012.
- Robert Parish selected season stats and career highs
- Robert Parish NBA Legends Bio
- Robert Paris NBA biography (archived from 1997)
- Career statistics and player information from NBA.com
- Robert Parish at Basketball-Reference.com
- Robert Parish at DatabaseBasketball.com
- Robert Parish at the Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame
- Where Are They Now?: Robert Parish @ NBA.com