|Born||Robert R. Parrish
January 4, 1916
Columbus, Georgia, United States
|Died||December 4, 1995
Southampton, Long Island, New York
|Occupation||Film director, editor and writer
Former child actor
|Home town||Los Angeles, California|
|Spouse(s)||Kathleen Norris Parrish|
|Parents||Gordon R. and Laura R. Parrish|
|Family||Helen Parrish (sister)|
|Awards||Academy Award for Film Editing (1947)|
Robert R. Parrish (January 4, 1916 – December 4, 1995) was an American film director, editor and writer and former child actor. He received an Academy Award for Film Editing for his contribution to Body and Soul (1947).
Life and career
Born in Columbus, Georgia, Parrish was the son of factory cashier Gordon R. Parrish and actress Laura R. Parrish. In the mid-1920s, the family moved to Los Angeles; shortly afterward, Parrish and his sisters, Beverly and Helen, entered acting. Parrish made his first film appearance in the Our Gang short Olympic Games (1927). He then appeared in the anti-war film All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), Charles Chaplin's City Lights (1931), and several films for director John Ford.
Ford later hired Parrish as assistant editor for Mary of Scotland (1936) and sound editor for Young Mr Lincoln (1939); Parrish's other work for Ford included Drums Along the Mohawk (1939) and The Grapes of Wrath (1940). Both had served in the United States Navy during World War II, and together they also produced a number of documentary and training films, including The Battle of Midway (1942).
In 1947, Parrish received an Academy Award for his film editing debut in Robert Rossen's boxing drama Body and Soul; he shared the prize with co-nominee Francis Lyon. Parrish's second Academy Award nomination, shared with Al Clark, was for another Rossen film: the political drama All the King’s Men (1949).
Parrish made his directorial debut with the revenge drama Cry Danger (1951). The Purple Plain (1954) was nominated for the Award for Best British Film at the 8th British Academy Film Awards. One of Parrish's best-known works was the James Bond parody Casino Royale (1967), for which he was one of five directors. His final film, co-directed by Bertrand Tavernier, was Mississippi Blues (1983).
Parrish wrote two memoirs, Growing Up In Hollywood (1976) and its sequel Hollywood Doesn't Live Here Anymore (1988). Of the first, filmmaker Kevin Brownlow wrote, "His stories about these pictures were marvellous in themselves, and he often came at them sideways, so not only the punchline but the situation took you by surprise. We all entreated him to write them down and in 1976 he did so, producing one of the most enchanting - and hilarious - books about the picture business ever written [...] [Growing Up In Hollywood] ought to be reprinted in this centenary year." Summing up his career, Allen Grant Richards commented, "Other than his excellent editing work and early directing, Parrish may be most remembered as storyteller from his two books of Hollywood memoirs."
- The Mob (1951)
- Cry Danger (1951)
- Remember That Face (1951)
- My Pal Gus (1952)
- Rough Shoot (1953)
- The Purple Plain (1954)
- Lucy Gallant (1955)
- Fire Down Below (1957)
- Saddle the Wind (1958)
- The Wonderful Country (1959)
- In the French Style (1963)
- Up from the Beach (1965)
- Casino Royale (1967)
- The Bobo (1967)
- Duffy (1968)
- Doppelgänger (1969)
- A Town Called Bastard (1971)
- The Marseille Contract (1974)
- The Battle of Midway (1942)
- How to Operate Behind Enemy Lines (1943)
- German Industrial Manpower (1943)
- December 7th (film) (1943)
- That Justice Be Done (1945)
- The Nazi Plan (1945)
- A Double Life (1947)
- Body and Soul (1947; with Francis D. Lyon)
- No Minor Vices (1948)
- All the King's Men (1949; with Al Clark)
- Caught (1949)
- No Sad Songs for Me (1950; with W. Lyon)
- Of Men and Music (1951)
- Growing Up In Hollywood, New York: Harcourt, Brace, Jovanovich, 1976, ISBN 0-586-04859-6
- Hollywood Doesn't Live Here Anymore, Boston: Little, Brown, 1988, ISBN 0-316-69255-7
- Robert Parrish at the Internet Movie Database
- van Gelder, Lawrence (December 6, 1995). "Robert Parrish, 79, Film Editor-Director, Dies". The New York Times.