Robert Pearsall (architect)

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This article is about the English architect. For the lay preacher, see Robert Pearsall Smith.
Robert Pearsall
Born (1852-03-03)3 March 1852
Peckham Rye, Surrey, England
Died 1929 (aged 76–77)
Buildings London fire stations

Robert Pearsall (3 March 1852 – 1929) was an English architect. He was architect to the London Fire Brigade, for whom he designed several notable fire stations, seven of which are Grade II listed buildings. His work included Woolwich Fire Station, built in 1887,[1] and extensions to Clerkenwell's 1872 station, which was London's oldest operational fire station before both stations were among ten closed on 9 January 2014.[2][3]

Early life[edit]

He was born on 3 March 1852 at Oregon Terrace, Peckham Rye, Surrey (now London), the son of Henry Robert Pearsall,[4][5] and initially educated at the Islington Proprietary School. He was then articled to Sir Arthur Blomfield, and after studying at the Royal Academy (1871–1873), began to practice in his own account.[5]

Career[edit]

West Norwood Fire Station, now the South London Theatre
Old Fire station, Bishopsgate, now a supermarket
Fulham Fire Station, 2014

He was appointed architect in the Fire Brigade Office, Metropolitan Board of Works (MBW, later London County Council) in 1879, and was initially supervised by Alfred Mott. After 1889, Pearsall headed the new Fire Brigade Section of the London County Council.[6] His notable buildings include several fire stations now Grade II listed including:

Pearsall also designed London fire stations in Stoke Newington (now The Old Fire Station, a community building) and Rosebery Avenue in Clerkenwell (Pearsall designed its extension in 1895–97; the original building was some 25 years older,[16] making it London's oldest operational station when it closed on 9 January 2014).[17]

Pearsall also designed now-demolished London fire stations in Holborn, Kentish Town, Shadwell, North Kensington, and Camden Town.[1]

In 1873, Pearsall designed three different railway sleeping cars for the American William d'Alton Mann. The first of the cars manufactured was used to convey the newly wed Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and his bride from St Petersburg to Flushing.[5]

Pearsall designed the chancel and transepts added to Plaxtol Church in Kent in 1894.[18]

Pearsall was also a life member of the British Museum,[5] and served on "The Committee for the Survey of the Memorials of Greater London".[19]

Personal life[edit]

On 2 April 1878, he married Libbie Florence Dezill (1859–1899), the daughter of Charles Antoine Ferdinand Dezille of Calais, France. They had three children together: Estelle Maud Pearsall, Robert Humphrey Pearsall, and Gerald Clifford Swinnerton Pearsall.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Woolwich Fire Station, Greenwich". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Woolwich fire station to close in 2014". Royal Borough of Greenwich. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  3. ^ Trotter, Sarah (9 January 2014). "Woolwich and Downham fire stations close: Sadness and fears for future expressed at vigils". News Shopper. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "Robert PEARSALL". Genealogy Pages. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Pearsall, Clarence Eugene (1928). History and genealogy of the Pearsall family in England and America, Volume 2. San Francisco: H. S. Crocker Company. p. 672. 
  6. ^ a b c "Woolwich Fire Station". English Heritage list. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  7. ^ "More London Plot 8, 139 Tooley Street, SE1 (TOU09)". Museum of London: Southwark. MoLAS. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "South London Theatre". Theatres Trust: Theatres Database. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  9. ^ "162 and 164, Bishopsgate Ec2, City of London". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Façade of a Building (decoration), former Fire Station, 164, Bishopsgate". Public Monuments and Sculpture Association. PMSA. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  11. ^ "Manchester Square Fire Station, London". Architectural History Project. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Architectural work of the London County Council (s 2.2)". Millwall Fire Station: An architectural appraisal (March 2004). Donald Insall Associates. Retrieved 6 January 2014. 
  13. ^ "Manchester Square Fire Station". AHA. Archer Humphreys Architects. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "New Cross Fire Station". English Heritage list. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  15. ^ "FULHAM FIRE STATION, 685, FULHAM ROAD". English Heritage list. English Heritage. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  16. ^ Temple, Philip, ed. (2008). Rosebery Avenue. Survey of London: Northern Clerkenwell and Pentonville 47 (Institute of Historical Research). Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  17. ^ Blunden, Mark (9 January 2014). "Firefighters break down in tears as Clerkenwell station closes in £45m cuts". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 10 January 2014. 
  18. ^ Newman, John (1980). West Kent And the Weald (The Buildings of England). Yale University Press. p. 462. ISBN 978-0140710380. 
  19. ^ Riley, W. Edward; Gomme, Laurence, eds. (1914). Members of the Survey and Joint Publishing Committees. Survey of London: St Giles-in-the-Fields, pt II (1914) 5 (Institute of Historical Research). Retrieved 6 January 2014.