Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull

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The Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
From Bailey's Annals of Nottinghamshire, 1853

Robert Pierrepont, 1st Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull (1584 – 25 July 1643) was an English nobleman who joined the Royalist side in the English Civil War after some delay and became lieutenant-general of the counties of Lincoln, Rutland, Huntingdon, Cambridge and Norfolk. He was killed in a friendly fire incident after being captured by Parliamentary forces.

Family[edit]

He was the second son of Sir Henry Pierrepont of Holme Pierrepont, Nottinghamshire, and Frances Cavendish,[1] daughter of the Rt. Hon. Sir William Cavendish and Elizabeth Hardwick. His sister became Grace, Lady Manners of Haddon Hall.

He married Gertude Talbot, daughter of Henry Talbot (1554–1596) (Henry was the son of George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury), and Elizabeth Reyner (born 1556) on 8 Jan 1601 in Overton Longueville, Huntingtonshire.

The earl had five sons, one of whom became Henry Pierrepont, 1st Marquess of Dorchester, another was Francis Pierrepont (died 1659), a colonel in the parliamentary army and afterwards a member of the Long Parliament; and another was William Pierrepont (1608–1679), father-in-law of Gilbert Holles, 3rd Earl of Clare and also Henry Cavendish Duke of Newcastle upon Tyne. He also had a daughter, Lady Frances (born 1615) who married Philip Rolleston, Esquire. The earl was succeeded by his son, Henry.

In 1633 he bought Thoresby Park, where his son Henry built the first Thoresby Hall in 1670.

Education[edit]

He became an undergraduate of Oriel College, Oxford in 1596 and was a benefactor in the rebuilding of the college's Front Quad.

Life[edit]

He was Member of Parliament for Nottinghamshire in 1601, became a JP for Nottinghamshire in 1608 and was appointed High Sheriff of Nottinghamshire in 1615. He was created Baron Pierrepont and Viscount Newark in 1627, being made Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull the following year.

He remained neutral on the outbreak of the Civil War, declaring, in what was later taken to be a prophetic curse;

When....I take arms with the King against Parliament, or with the Parliament against the King, let a cannon-ball divide me between them[2]

He eventually became a Royalist, joining King Charles, and was appointed lieutenant-general of royal forces in the counties of Lincoln, Rutland, Huntingdon, Cambridge and Norfolk.

Whilst defending Gainsborough he was taken prisoner, and was killed on the 25 July 1643 while being conveyed to Hull by boat along the River Trent. Royalist forces fired at his captors from the river bank, accidentally killing the Earl whose body was cut in two by a cannonball.[2]

He was succeeded in his peerage by his son Henry.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Grace Pierrepont, ThePeerage.com, accessed 27 December 2008
  2. ^ a b Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Volume 44. Oxford University Press. 2004. p. 264. ISBN 0-19-861394-6. 
Peerage of England
New creation Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull
1628–1643
Succeeded by
Henry Pierrepont
Viscount Newark
1st creation
1627–1643
Baron Pierrepont
(descended by acceleration)

1st creation
1627–1641