Robert Rietti

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Robert Rietti
Robert Rietty.jpg
Born Lucio Rietti
(1923-02-08)8 February 1923
Died 3 April 2015(2015-04-03) (aged 92)
London, England
Other names Bobby Rietti, Robert Rietty
Occupation Actor, Director
Years active 1933–2008
Parent(s) Victor Rietti
Rachel Rosenay
Relatives Ronald Rietti
(brother)

Robert Rietti, born Lucio Rietti and usually credited as Robert Rietty (8 February 1923 – 3 April 2015), was an actor and director of Italian heritage. He was knighted by the Italian government.[1]

Early life[edit]

Born in 1923, Rietti was the younger of two sons of the Italian actor Victor Rietti and Rachel Rosenay. In 1932, at the age of nine, he joined his father's company Teatro Italiano, making his stage debut in Mysterious Currents. His father (under whom Ida Lupino and June Duprez had studied acting) developed his son’s acting career under the name Bobby Rietti. He made his motion picture debut as Fattorino in Monty Banks' comedy Heads We Go (1933). He soon caught the eye of David O. Selznick who offered him an extended film contract. Despite letting down Alfred Hitchcock, who handpicked him to play the lead in Sabotage (1936), he made 17 motion pictures during the 1930s, remaining a popular child actor throughout that decade. (They later worked together in Hitchcock’s film Frenzy.)

Second World War[edit]

His successful career on the stage and in motion pictures was interrupted by the outbreak Second World War. At first he joined the Rifle Brigade but accepted the army’s request for him to head “Stars in Battledress”, a group of young actors which included the young Peter Ustinov and Terry-Thomas, who were flown throughout Europe to entertain the Allied troops. In 1945 he was invited by John Gielgud to join his production of Hamlet for troops in the Far East. After the war he returned to work in the theatre, films, radio and the latest medium, early television.[2]

Career[edit]

Radio[edit]

In radio he teamed up with Orson Welles in the radio series The Third Man (1951) and then again on the series The Black Museum (1952), which was broadcast to the US Armed Forces. This was to be the beginning of many collaborations between Rietti and Orson Welles, who remained close friends. He was also a regular on the radio series Horatio Hornblower (1952) with Michael Redgrave, The Scarlet Pimpernel (1952), Theatre Royal (1954) with Sir Laurence Olivier, and Sherlock Holmes (1954) with John Gielgud and Ralph Richardson.

Television[edit]

His frequent work in television and many guest appearances made him a familiar face in the 1950s and 1960s. He is credited with 164 television appearances. He guest starred together with his father in The Jack Benny Program (1957) and in Harry's Girls (1960), which were both directed by his friend Ralph Levy, director of The Burns and Allen Show. They also performed together in three versions of his father’s television success To Live in Peace and his father's television play Against the Stream (1959). In 1958 George Sanders presented Candle for the Madonna, an original television play Robert had written in which Robert also played the lead.

Rietti also frequently guest-starred in television programmes such as The Jack Benny Program, The Buccaneers with Robert Shaw, Man in a Suitcase, The Avengers, The Saint, The Persuaders! with Tony Curtis, and The New Avengers.[3]

Rietti (center) accepting the Honorary Doctorate of the Arts at the University of Florida in 2012

Films[edit]

Of his 77 credits in films[4] he is best remembered in the original James Bond pictures. Besides Sean Connery, he is the only actor to appear in both Thunderball (1965) and the re-make Never Say Never Again (1983). Other performances include The Italian Job (1969), Sunday Bloody Sunday (1971), The Omen (1976), and more recently a cameo[5] in Hannibal (2001). He played Robert Grant in Hell is Empty 1967 for his brother, the producer Ronald Rietti.

Directing post-syncing[edit]

With the growing popularity of epic international films in the 1960s, Rietti gained a reputation for directing the English versions of such films such as Lawrence of Arabia (1962) and El Cid (1961). From the 1970s, this work took priority in Rietti's career over acting; since the process of post-syncing and sometimes dubbing characters was unpopular to audiences, Rietti's work generally went uncredited.[6]

His own voice was used to re-voiced Gregory Peck’s German dialogue in Guns of Navarone (1961), Orson Welles in Treasure Island (1972), as well as some scenes in Casino Royale (1967). His voice was used in eight of the James Bond films, for which he directed the post-syncing. In the last ten films of Jack Hawkins, who had lost his voice to throat cancer, Hawkins was dubbed by Rietti. He was nominated for the Golden Reel Award[7] (a technical Oscar) for his direction of the English version of Once Upon a Time in America (1984) in which he directed Robert De Niro’s post syncing. He often cast a young Catherine Zeta Jones as a re-voicing artist. Impressed with her talent he pushed Samuel Goldwyn Jr. to cast her at a time when the actress was unknown.

Playwright[edit]

Rietti was also a prolific playwright who has translated and adapted many popular Italian plays from his native Italian into English.[8] He also wrote several original plays which were produced on the stage, for television and for radio. He served as executive editor for 18 years of Gambit, a theatre quarterly which published international plays, including many of his own. In recognition of their contribution to the arts, he was knighted together with his father Victor Rietti by the Italian government in 1959. Rietti’s title Cavaliere was upgraded in 1988 to Cavaliere Ufficiale.

Later life[edit]

In 2012 he received an Honorary Doctorate from the University of Florida for lifetime achievements and contribution to the Arts, the year marked an 80-year milestone for the then 89-year-old actor. Rietti remained active as a playwright throughout his career. He lectured to film students at film academies and universities and was an active member of BAFTA.

He died on 3 April 2015 in London.[9][10]

Filmography[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Rietti at the Internet Movie Database
  2. ^ "Robert Rietti", obituary in the Daily Telegraph 22 April 2015
  3. ^ Robert Rietti at the Internet Movie Database
  4. ^ Empire (UK) April 1994, Iss. 58, pg. 56-58, by: Jeff Dawson, "And This Is Me"
  5. ^ Brian McFarlane Encyclopedia of British Film, London: BFI/Methuen, 2003, p.566
  6. ^ Robert Rietti, "A Forehead Pressed Against a Window", New York 2009, p. 314
  7. ^ Empire (UK) April 1994, Iss. 58, pg. 56-58, by: Jeff Dawson, "And This Is Me"
  8. ^ Empire (UK) April 1994, Iss. 58, pg. 56-58, by: Jeff Dawson, "And This Is Me"
  9. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/05/movies/robert-rietti-a-familiar-voice-dies-at-92.html?ref=obituaries&_r=0
  10. ^ "Obituary:Robert Rietti". Times Newspapers Limited. 16 April 2015. Retrieved 16 April 2015. (subscription required (help)). 

External links[edit]