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Robert Seymour Conway (1864 – 1933) was a British classical scholar and comparative philologist. Born in Stoke Newington, he was the older brother of Katharine St John Conway. He was Hulme Professor of Latin Literature, at Victoria University, Manchester from 1903 until his retirement in 1929.
In 1929 he stood for parliament at the General Election in the constituency of the Combined English Universities for the Liberal part, finishing as runner-up.
- The Italic Dialects, edited with a grammar and glossary. (1897) two volumes
- Virgil's Messianic Eclogue (1907) with Joseph B. Mayor and W. Warde Fowler
- The Restored Pronunciation of Greek and Latin with Tables and practical Illustrations (1908) with Edward Vernon Arnold
- New studies of a great inheritance, being lectures on the modern worth of some ancient writers (1921)
- Harvard Lectures on the Vergilian Age (1928)
- Great Writers of Rome (1930)
- Makers of Europe (1931) James Henry Morgan lectures in Dickinson College for 1930
- Prae-Italic Dialects of Italy, Part I: The Venetic Inscriptions (1933)
- Ancient Italy and Modern Religion (1933) Hibbert Lectures for 1932
- P. Vergili Maronis - Aeneidos, liber primus (1935)
- Robert Seymour Conway The Classical Review, Vol. 47, No. 5 (November 1933), pp. 162-163