Robert Shelton (Ku Klux Klan)
Shelton served as the UKA leader starting in 1961, which peaked with an estimated 30,000. In 1966 Shelton received a year in prison and $1,000 fine for contempt of the United States Congress, "for refusing to turn over membership lists to the House Committee on Un-American Activities."
In 1984 James Knowles, a UKA member of the UKA's Klavern 900 in Mobile, was convicted of the 1981 murder of Michael Donald. At trial Knowles said he and Henry Hays killed Donald "in order to show Klan strength in Alabama." In 1987 the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC) brought a civil case, on behalf of the victim's family, against the United Klans of America for being responsible in the lynching of Donald, a 19-year-old black man. Unable to come up with the $7 million awarded by a jury, the UKA was forced to turn over its national headquarters to Donald's mother, who then sold it. During the civil trial Knowles said he was "carrying out the orders" of Bennie Jack Hays, Henry Hays' father and a long-time Shelton lieutenant.
In 1994, Shelton said, "The Klan is my belief, my religion. But it won't work anymore. The Klan is gone. Forever."
- "Robert Shelton, 73, Leader of Big Klan Faction". New York Times. March 20, 2003. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
- "Emergence of the UKA". Anti-Defamation League. 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
- "Donald v. United Klans of America". Southern Poverty Law Center. 1988. Retrieved 2007-09-18.
- Morris Dees and Steve Fiffer. Hate on Trial: The Case Against America's Most Dangerous Neo-Nazi. Villard Books, 1993. page 11
- United Klans of America History
- Endnotes: Robert Shelton Biography
- Photos of Robert Shelton from the Moncrief Photograph Collection at the Mississippi Archives
|Imperial Wizard of the Ku Klux Klan
1960 – 1987
none (UKA disbanded)