||This article needs additional citations for verification. (June 2012)|
|Sir Robert Stephens|
|Born||Robert Graham Stephens
14 July 1931
Bristol, Gloucestershire, England, UK
|Died||12 November 1995
London, England, UK
|Spouse(s)||Nora Ann Simmonds (1951-52) Tarn Bassett (1956-67)
Maggie Smith (1967-74)
Patricia Quinn (1995) (his death)
Sir Robert Graham Stephens (14 July 1931 – 12 November 1995) was a leading English actor in the early years of Britain's Royal National Theatre. He was one of the most respected actors of his generation and was at one time regarded as the natural successor to Laurence Olivier.
Early life and career
Stephens was born in Shirehampton, Bristol, Gloucestershire, in 1931. At age 18 he won a scholarship to Esme Church's Bradford Civic Theatre School, Yorkshire, (where he met his first wife Nora, a fellow student). His first professional engagement was with the Caryl Jenner Mobile Theatre, which he followed in 1951 by a year of more challenging parts in repertory at the Royalty Theatre, Morecambe, followed by seasons of touring and at the Hippodrome, Preston. The London director Tony Richardson saw a performance at the Royalty and this led to an offer of a place in the "momentous" first season of English Stage Company at the Royal Court in 1956. His success was assured.
His early films included A Taste of Honey (1961), Cleopatra (1963) and The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1969) with his then wife Maggie Smith. There was also a minor role as Prince Escalus in Franco Zeffirelli's Romeo and Juliet (1968), as well as a starring role in Billy Wilder's The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970) and the science fiction film, The Asphyx (1973).
Stephens and Maggie Smith appeared together on stage and in film, notably in The Recruiting Officer at the Old Vic and the film version of The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie in 1969. However, following his departure from the National Theatre in 1970 and the breakup of their marriage in 1973 he suffered a career slump, not helped by heavy drinking and a breakdown.
Although he continued to work on stage (notably in the National Theatre's The Mysteries in 1986), film (The Fruit Machine in 1988, aka Wonderland in the USA and Kenneth Branagh's Henry V), and television (notably in the role of Abner Brown in the 1984 BBC TV dramatisation of the children's classic The Box of Delights and as the Master of an Oxford college in an episode of Inspector Morse), it was not until the 1990s that he re-established himself at the forefront of his profession, when the Royal Shakespeare Company invited him to play Falstaff in Henry IV for director Adrian Noble (opening April 1991), the title roles in Julius Caesar (director Stephen Pimlott) later in the year and then King Lear, again for Noble, in May 1993. He was awarded the Laurence Olivier Theatre Award in 1993 for Best Actor, for his performance as Falstaff.
Stephens was married four times:
- 1951: to Nora Ann Simmons; they had one child, Michael Stephens, and divorced 1952.
- 1956: to Tarn Bassett; they had a daughter and divorced 1967
- 1967: to Maggie Smith; they had two sons, the actors Toby Stephens and Chris Larkin, and divorced in 1974.
- 1995: to Belfast-born Patricia Quinn (aka Lady Stephens; born 28 May 1944); they met in 1975, shortly after a brief relationship between Stephens and writer Antonia Fraser had ended, while acting together in Murderer in London.
Following years of ill health, he died on 12 November 1995 at the age of 64 due to complications during surgery, eleven months after having been knighted. According to last wife Patricia Quinn, the hard work and exhaustion of playing King Lear earlier that year hastened his death.
- A Circle of Deception (1960)
- A Taste of Honey (1961)
- Pirates of Tortuga (1961)
- The Inspector (1962)
- Cleopatra (1963)
- The Small World of Sammy Lee (1963)
- The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie (1969)
- The Private Life of Sherlock Holmes (1970)
- Travels with My Aunt (1972)
- The Asphyx (1973)
- Luther (1974)
- The Duellists (1977)
- At Night All Cats Are Crazy (1977)
- The Shout (1978)
- Holocaust (1978, TV)
- Les jeux de la Comtesse Dolingen de Gratz (1980)
- Anyone for Denis? (1982, TV)
- Comrades (1986)
- High Season (1987)
- Empire of the Sun (1987)
- American Roulette (1988)
- The Fruit Machine (1988)
- Testimony (1988)
- Ada in the Jungle (1988)
- War and Remembrance (1988-89)
- Henry V (1989)
- Wings of Fame (1990)
- The Children (1990)
- Afraid of the Dark (1991)
- Ferdydurke (1991)
- Chaplin (1992)
- Searching for Bobby Fischer (1993)
- The Secret Rapture (1993)
- Century (1993)
- England, My England (1995)
- Benedick, Adam (14 November 1995). "Obituary: Sir Robert Stephens". The Independent. p. 18. Retrieved 14 June 2012.
- Stephens, Robert; Coveney, Michael (1995). Knight Errant. London: Hodder and Stoughton. pp. 11–15. ISBN 0-340-64970-4.
- Coveney, Michael (2004). "Stephens, Sir Robert Graham (1931–1995)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/60387.
- Stevens, Christopher (2010). Born Brilliant: The Life Of Kenneth Williams. John Murray. p. 269. ISBN 1-84854-195-3.
- "RSC performance database". The Shakespeare Birthplace Trust Archive Catalogue. Shakespeare Birthplace Trust. Retrieved 25 June 2012.
- Stephens; Coveney (1995: 131)
- Robert Stephens at Find a Grave
- Robert Stephens at the Internet Movie Database
- Robert Stephens at screenonline
- Portraits of Stephens at the National Portrait Gallery