Robert "Bob" Trout (October 15, 1909 - November 14, 2000) was an American broadcast news reporter, best known for his radio work before and during World War II. He became known to some as the "Iron Man of Radio" for his ability to ad lib while on the air, as well as his stamina, composure, and elocution.
Early broadcast career
Trout was born Robert Albert Blondheim in Washington, D.C.; he added the Trout name early in his radio career. He entered broadcasting in 1931 as an announcer at WJSV, an independent station in Alexandria, Virginia, founded in the early 1920s by James S. Vance. In the summer of 1932 WJSV was acquired by CBS, bringing Trout into the CBS fold. (WJSV is now WFED in Washington, D.C.) He was the man who used the on-air label "fireside chat" to regular radio broadcasts of President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression and World War II. (Trout credited the genesis of phrase to Harry Butcher, a CBS vice president in Washington.)
Trout was behind the microphone for many of broadcasting's firsts. He was the first to report live congressional hearings, first to transmit from a flying airplane and by some definitions the first to broadcast a daily news program and to create the news anchorman role.
It was Bob Trout in the mid-1930s who passed on to a then-new CBS executive, Edward R. Murrow, the value of addressing the radio audience intimately, as if the announcer was talking to one person. Trout played a key role in Murrow's development as a broadcaster, and the two would remain colleagues until Murrow left the network in 1961, and friends until Murrow's death in 1965.
On Sunday night, March 13, 1938, after Adolf Hitler's Germany had annexed Austria in the Anschluss, Trout hosted a shortwave "roundup" of reaction from multiple cities in Europe—the first such multi-point live broadcast on network radio. The broadcast included reports from correspondent William L. Shirer in London (on the annexation, which he had witnessed firsthand in Vienna) and Murrow, who filled in for Shirer in Vienna so that Shirer could report without Austrian censorship.
The special gave Trout the distinction of being one of broadcasting's first true "anchormen" (in the sense of handing off the air to someone else as if it were a baton). It became the inspiration for the CBS World News Roundup, which began later in 1938 and to this day continues to air each weekday morning and evening on the CBS Radio Network.
Trout emceed news, special events and even entertainment programs during his first tenure at CBS, from 1932 to 1948, including a stint in London while Murrow was back in the United States. He was the announcer on CBS' Professor Quiz, radio's first true quiz program.
Trout anchored the network's live coverage of D-Day and was behind the microphone when the bulletins announcing the end of World War II in Europe, and later Japan, came across.
After the war, Trout anchored a daily 15-minute radio newscast, The News 'til Now, sponsored by Campbell's Soup. His year-and-a-half tenure on the show ended in September 1947, when Murrow—who had been CBS's vice president for public affairs—returned to on-air work and took over the broadcast. Trout left CBS for NBC, where from 1948 to 1951 he was the first emcee of the game show, Who Said That?, in which celebrities try to determine the speaker of quotations taken from recent news reports.
When the CBS Television coverage of the 1964 Republican Convention in San Francisco (anchored by Walter Cronkite) was trounced in the ratings by NBC's Chet Huntley and David Brinkley, CBS replaced Cronkite with Trout and Roger Mudd for the Democratic gathering in Atlantic City. The duo failed to overtake Huntley and Brinkley, and Cronkite was back at the TV anchor desk when the conventions rolled around again four years later. Trout remained on radio but also did in-depth news features for the TV network, including field reports for the CBS News broadcast 60 Minutes.
One aspect of Trout's career that is overlooked by many is the fact that in the late 1950s, he appeared on bandleader Guy Lombardo's annual New Year's Eve special on CBS-TV. Trout would report from Times Square during the special, and would count down the seconds to midnight (Eastern Standard Time) and the start of the new year.
The day President John F. Kennedy was assassinated on November 22, 1963, Trout took a walk around Manhattan and observed New Yorkers and their responses and reactions to the news. He reported what he saw and heard live on the CBS bulletin broadcast.
Trout remained at CBS through the early 1970s. He later worked for ABC, serving mostly as a correspondent based in Madrid, where he lived for most of the last two decades of his life (he was on the ABC team which covered the election of Pope John Paul II in 1978). Almost to the end of his life he broadcast commentaries and essays on National Public Radio. Some of them were reminiscences of 20th century events he covered, accompanied by recordings. And Trout continued to attend political conventions. He had interviewed every U.S. President from Franklin D. Roosevelt to Bill Clinton. In 2000, he joined his old colleague Roger Mudd for a History Channel look at the quadrennial gatherings.
Bob Trout ends World War II
In one of Trout's NPR reminiscences, airing July 9, 1999, he admitted that an oft-played recording of his announcing the end of World War II ("my greatest hit, as it were") on August 14, 1945 was actually a fake. In 1948, he had to re-create his broadcast of his announcement of Japan's surrender so a "cleaned-up" version of that announcement could be included in the first of Ed Murrow and Fred Friendly's I Can Hear It Now historical albums. It was thought the recording of the original broadcast had too many scratches and pops, and was too messy to use.
Trout told, and played for the NPR listeners, what actually happened on CBS Radio at that moment...his live introduction of a surrender announcement by British Prime Minister Clement Attlee... followed, not by Attlee, but by the Big Ben chimes. Then the network switched back to New York, where Trout was standing near the teletypes outside CBS Radio's Studio 9, and listeners heard CBS news director Paul White (listening on a phone line to the White House) cue Trout that the Administration itself announced the surrender. This allowed Trout to announce the news a few seconds before Attlee made the announcement in his radio speech. Trout's broadcast is also believed to be the first broadcast news report confirming that the surrender was official; beating ABC Radio, the Mutual Broadcasting System, and NBC Radio by a few seconds.
Trout then intoned:
- "The Japanese have accepted our terms fully! That is the word we have just received (newsroom cheers) from the White House in Washington and (Trout chuckles) I didn't expect to hear a celebration here in our newsroom in New York, but you can hear one going on behind me. We switched to London, I don't know what happened, I'm not even sure whether you heard the first words of Prime Minister Attlee or not. I couldn't hear anything in our speaker here, with the confusion. Suddenly we got the word from our private telephone wire from the White House in Washington. The Japanese have accepted FULLY the surrender terms of the United Nations. THIS, ladies and gentlemen, is the end of the Second World War! The United Nations, on land, on sea, on air are united... and are victorious!".
- "Show Overview: Who Said That?". tv.com. Retrieved June 12, 2011.
- Robert Trout exhibit at University of Texas at Austin
- Trout discusses the Farewell to Studio Nine special, including a recording of his two versions of the end of World War II
- The short film Longines Chronoscope with Robert Trout and August Heckscher is available for free download at the Internet Archive [more]