Roberto Carlos (singer)
Roberto Carlos in 2008.
|Birth name||Roberto Carlos Braga|
|Also known as||O Rei (The King), Rei da Música Latina (King of Latin Music), Rei Roberto, Zunga|
|Born||April 19, 1941|
|Origin||Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Espírito Santo, Brazil|
|Genres||MPB, rock and roll, soul, bossa nova, rhythm and blues|
|Associated acts||Jovem Guarda, Erasmo Carlos|
Roberto Carlos Braga (Portuguese pronunciation: [ʁoˈbeɾtu ˈkaɾlus]; born April 19, 1941 in Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, Espírito Santo, Brazil) is a Grammy Award-winning Brazilian singer and composer, who has achieved a great deal of success and recognition in his 50-year career, also known as King of Latin Music or simply The King.
Most of his songs are written in partnership with his friend, also singer and songwriter Erasmo Carlos. Roberto Carlos has sold over 120 million albums around the world. He is considered one of the most influential artists in Brazil during the 1960s, being cited as a source of inspiration by many artists and bands up to the 1980s.
Roberto Carlos Braga was born in Cachoeiro de Itapemirim, at the southern part of the Brazilian state of Espírito Santo. He is the fourth and last son of Robertino Braga (March 27, 1896 – January 27, 1980), a watchmaker, and Laura Moreira Braga (April 10, 1914 – April 17, 2010), a seamstress. The family lived in a modest home on top of a hill in the Nook neighbourhood. His siblings were Lauro Roberto Braga, Carlos Alberto Moreira Braga and Norminha. At age 6, during the feast of St Peter, the patron saint of Cachoeiro do Itapemirim, Roberto Carlos was hit by a steam locomotive and had to have his right leg amputated just below his knee. He still uses a prosthesis, but avoids talking about it.
As a child he learned to play the guitar and the piano -– first with his mother and later at the Itapemirim Music Conservatory. At 9 years old, he performed for the first time at a children's show broadcast by Rádio Cachoeiro (he sang a bolero called "Mal Amor"). He won candies as the first prize. Years later, he recalled the occasion for the book "Roberto Carlos Up Close", by Paulo Cesar de Araujo: "I was very nervous, yet very happy to be able to sing on the radio. I got a lot of candies, which was the prize for the kids who'd sing there. It was a beautiful day." He became a regular performer on that particular show.
Influenced by his idol Elvis Presley and the 1950s rock revolution, he rose to stardom as the main figure of the 1950s and 1960s musical movement known as Jovem Guarda (or Young Guard), was rip off from another TV Show From the same name "Jovem Guarda" was the first manifestation of the Brazilian pop rock movement. Since then, Roberto Carlos has been called "O Rei" (the King), as well as Elvis and Pelé.
When his first single and first LP (Louco por você, 1961) were commercial failures, Roberto Carlos was in danger of being fired from CBS in favor of Sérgio Murilo, the first successful rock singer in Brazil. Nevertheless, Murilo was fired instead for clashing with musical director Evandro Ribeiro over repertoire and payment, opening up space for Roberto Carlos. During his first decade of recording, Roberto Carlos also starred in a few motion pictures directed by Roberto Farias, many of them heavily inspired by the Beatles movies.
Jovem Guarda or the boom years of the birth of Brazilian and Latin-rock.
Roberto Carlos insisted on investing the time in young music, rock, and in 1962 released "Splish Splash". With his friend Erasmo Carlos, Roberto cover some versions of the hit songs and wrote his own songs as "Parei Na Contramão" which became a big hit. The following year the singer was back on the charts with the album is É Proibido Fumar, in which, besides the title track, the highlight was the song O Calhambeque . Thus was born the Jovem Guarda (TV Show).
Nationally known, Roberto Carlos began to host the Jovem Guarda program in 1965 at TV Record, along with Erasmo Carlos and Wanderléa. The program further popularized the pop rock movement in Brazil and established the singer, who became one of the first idols of the young Brazilian culture. Also in 1965, were released the albums "Roberto Carlos Canta Para A Juventude" – with hits "A Estoria do Homem Mau (Old Man Moses)," Os 7 Cabeludos", "Eu Sou Fã Do Monoquini" and "Eu Não Quero Ver Você Triste," partnerships with Erasmo Carlos –and "Jovem Guarda" with the hits "Quero Que Vá Tudo Pro Inferno ", "Lobo Mau," "O Feio" (Getúlio Cortes) and "Não É Papo Pra Mim."
In 1966 Roberto Carlos presented the programs "Roberto Carlos à Noite", "Opus 7", "Jovem Guarda em Alta Tensão" e "Todos os Jovens do Mundo", at TV Record, all of them short-lived. That year would be marked by a fight that nearly ended the partnership between Roberto and Erasmo Carlos. The reason for the split was a failure of production of the "Show in Si Monal ..." TV Record, which paid homage to Erasmo. The production was to present a pot-pourri of Erasmo's most famous compositions, including "Parei na Contramão" and "Quero Que Vá Tudo Pro Inferno ". The controversy was created because of these songs were composed in partnership with Roberto Carlos, but the credits were given only to Erasmo. The two quarreled, and the partnership was suspended for more than one year. During this period, Roberto wrote "We There Yet?" and "Namoradinha de Um Amigo Meu" were released on the LP "Roberto Carlos" that year (the album still had the hits "Eu Te Darei O Céu," "Esqueça", "Negro Gato" (Getúlio Cortes) and "Nossa Canção" (Luiz Airão).
In 1967, the friendship between Roberto and Erasmo was shaken, though the two still presented – along with Wanderléa – the "Jovem Guarda" show on TV Record. Roberto Carlos wrote his own hits like "Como É Grande Meu Amor Por Você" "Corro Demais", "Quando" and "De vale tudo isso?", which would be released on the LP "Roberto Carlos em Ritmo De Aventura" soundtrack of movie with the same name, released the following year. The film was produced and directed by Roberto Farias and featured Roberto Carlos as protagonist, with José Lewgoy and Reginaldo Farias in the cast. The film became a box office success in the Brazilian cinema. With his many professional commitments, Roberto could not finish the lyrics for "Eu Sou Terrível," which was to be the starting soundtrack of the feature. He asked his former partner Erasmo Carlos, who helped finalize the lyrics. Thus, friendship and partnership between the two resumed. Later that year, Roberto Carlos had his first performances abroad, in Cannes (France) and participated in several Brazilian Popular Music festivals. He placed fifth with the song Maria Carnaval e Cinzas" (Luís Carlos Paraná). Some persons objected to the presence of a Jovem Guarda icon.
In 1968 the LP "O Inimitável" was released. A transition record in the singer's career, the album had influences in U.S. black music (soul / funk) and scored several hits, like "Se Você Pensa", "Eu Te Amo, Te Amo, Te Amo" ,"É Meu É Meu É Meu " ," As Canções que você Fez Pra Mim "(all partnerships with Erasmo Carlos)," Ciúmes De Você "(Luiz Ayrão) and "Eu Não Vou Deixar Você Tão Só "(Marcos Antonio). Later that year, Roberto Carlos became the first and only Brazilian to win the Festival of San Remo (Italy), with the song "Canzone Per Te", Sergio Endrigo and Sergio Bardotti. The singer would definitely change his style in 1969. The album "Roberto Carlos" was marked by a greater romanticism instead of the traditional themes typical of the Jovem Guarda youth. Among the successes of this LP are As Curvas da Estrada De Santos, Sua Estupidez and As Flores do Jardim de Nossa Casa, all partnerships with Erasmo Carlos. Later that year, he starred in Roberto Carlos e o Diamante Cor-de Rosa, the second film directed by Roberto Farias and new success at the box office.
1970s and 80s
The 1970 decade was marked by the end of the Jovem Guarda and the bolstering the prestige of Roberto Carlos as a romantic artist in Brazil and abroad (USA, Europe and Latin America). The singer became the artist who would sell more albums in the country. Several of his songs were recorded by artists as Julio Iglesias, Caravelli and Ray Conniff. In 1970, the singer made a successful series of shows in Canecão. Later that year, it launched the yearbook, which brought such hits as "Ana", "Veste A Roupa Meu Bem" and "Jesus Cristo", a song which also marked his approach to religion.
The following year, Roberto Carlos a 300 km Por Hora',' the last movie starring the singer, was released also a great national success. Also in 1971, Roberto Carlos, the album was released, featuring hits like Detalhes, Amada Amante, Todos Estão Surdos, Debaixo dos Caracóis dos Seus Cabelos (homage to Caetano Veloso) and Como Dois E Dois (Caetano). The album "Roberto Carlos" in 1972, resonated with A Montanha and Quando As Crianças Saírem de Férias in addition to being the first LP to reach the milestone of one million copies sold, and "Roberto Carlos" 1973, with "Rotina" and "Proposta". On December 24, 1974, TV Globo aired a special show with singer, who got huge ratings. From that year, the program would be aired every year, always at the end of the year.
In 1975, the hit would be "Além do Horizonte". The following year the singer would record the new LP in the CBS Studios in New York. The album spawned the songs "Ilegal, Imoral e Engorda" and "Os Seus Botões." In 1977, Roberto Carlos recorded "Muito Romântico" (Caetano Veloso) and "Cavalgada", released the Christmas album and reached the first places on the charts. The following year, Roberto Carlos (1978) was released, which featured the songs "Café da Manhã," "Força Estranha" (Caetano Veloso) and "Lady Laura" – the latter dedicated to his mother. The album sold one million five hundred thousand copies. In addition to albums that sold more than 1 million copies a year, the shows from Roberto Carlos were also played, in 1978, the singer toured the country for six months, always with crowded houses. When he visited Mexico in 1979, Pope John Paul II was greeted with the song "Amigo", sung by a choir of children. The event was broadcast live to hundreds of millions of people worldwide. Roberto also engaged in support of the UN International Year of the Child.
In the early 1980s, took part in another campaign, this time for the International Year of the Disabled. In 1981, the singer made international tours and recorded the first album in English – others would be released in Spanish, Italian and French. He also recorded the annual disc, which featured hits like "Emoções", "Cama e Mesa" and "As Baleias." In 1982, Maria Bethânia participated in the yearbook, the duet "Amiga." It was the first time the singer invited another artist to participate in the recordings on the disc. Roberto Carlos (1982) also had the hit song "Fera Ferida", another collaboration with Erasmo.
After his first decade of success, Carlos moved towards a more serious, adult contemporary approach to singing, whilst consistently continuing to score hits in his country and throughout Latin America, as well as in Portugal, Spain and Italy. In the 1980s, Roberto Carlos also began recording in English and French (he had already recorded albums in Spanish, Italian, and, naturally, Portuguese). He went on to win the Globo de Cristal trophy, awarded by CBS to Brazilian artists who sell more than five million copies outside Brazil. At the same time, his albums continued to break records in his country. Caminhoneiro (1984) aired 3,000 times in a single day, soon topped by his own Verde e Amarelo (1985), with 3,500 airings. In 1985 he participated in the campaign to help children in Latin America, in the songCantarê Cantarás he performed with Julio Iglesias, Gloria Estefan, Jose Feliciano, Plácido Domingo among others. He won the 1988 Grammy for Best Latin American Singer and the following year he reached the top of Billboard's Latin charts. Also in 1989, had a great impact with "Amazonia". In the traditional year-end special Rede Globo sang hits like Outra Vez alongside Simone.
In 1986, Carlos performed at Radio City Music Hall in New York and two years later became one of the only Brazilians ever to win a Grammy Award in the category of Best Latin Pop Album with Roberto Carlos / Tolo. In 1998, due to the illness of his wife Maria Rita, Roberto Carlos had to reconcile the disc recording and support for the annual wife hospitalized in São Paulo. His yearly record,that almost was not released, had only four new songs, including "O Baile da Fazenda", a partnership with Erasmo Carlos and was attended special Dominguinhos. In 1999, the worsening state of health of Maria Rita, followed by her death in December of that year, made the singer failed to make the traditional end of year special on Rede Globo and to record a new album. The record company Sony has just launched The 30 Greatest Hits (Vol. 1 and 2), paired with a collection of greatest hits and a career of Roberto unprecedented track, the religious "Todas As Nossas Senhoras," written with Erasmo.
1990s to present
Carlos continued to record through the 1990s, focusing on romantic songs. In the mid-1990s a retro-Jovem Guarda wave hit Brazil, and Carlos—who was considered a has-been amongst a younger generation familiar only with his romantic and sentimental hits directed at a middleaged audience—had his importance cited by younger musicians such as Cássia Eller, Adriana Calcanhotto, Chico Science e Nação Zumbi, Barão Vermelho and Skank. Skank also recorded Rei, a tribute to Roberto Carlos with his classic hits from the heyday of the Jovem Guarda epoch.
In 1992 he left his name on the Latin artist Walk of Fame in Miami in the United States. In 1994, Roberto Carlos managed to beat the Beatles' sales in Latin America, selling over 70 million records. In 1996, Roberto Carlos scored another success in partnership with Erasmo Carlos, Mulher de 40, and recorded along with Julio Iglesias, Gloria Estefan, Plácido Domingo, Ricky Martin, John Secada among others, the song in Spanish, Puedes Llegar, the theme of the Atlanta Olympics in the United States. In 1997, he launched the Spanish-language album Canciones Que Amo.
In 1998, Carlos' second wife, Maria Rita, discovered she had cancer (she would die in 1999). After a one year break, Roberto Carlos returned to recording and performing. In 2001, he broke his contract with Sony (formerly CBS), the recording company through which he had released a vast majority of his albums, due to reasons connected to his wife's death. However, in a 2008 interview, Roberto Carlos stated that he had no intention of retiring from the music industry anytime soon and released an album later that year.
In December 2006, "Duetos" a CD with 14 tracks and a DVD with 16 numbers was released, which had taken of the special moments recorded for the Globo since the 1970s. Later that year Roberto Carlos won the Latin Grammy for best romantic music album (album "Roberto Carlos", 2005). In the same period, the publisher Planeta launched the book "Roberto Carlos em Detalhes", by Paulo Cesar de Araujo, an unauthorized biography about the singer, a result of 16 years of research and with testimonies of about 200 people which participated in the career of Roberto. Roberto Carlos repudiated the publication, claiming that there is untruth in it, and announced his intention to withdraw the work from circulation. The court ruled for Roberto Carlos and the book Roberto Carlos em Detalhes was pulled from stores at the end of February 2007. On April 27, 2007, after a long hearing at the Criminal Forum of Barra Funda, São Paulo, all copies of the book were recalled.
In January 2007, the singer travelled to Spain, where he recorded his first album in Spanish in a decade. In June, he performed at Canecão. In addition to special appearances by singers Gilberto Gil, Zeca Pagodinho, and journalists Nelson Motta and Leda Nagle and established actors and actresses, the show's repertoire included the entirety of "É Preciso Saber Viver", a song whose verse se o bem e o mal existem (If there are good and evil) the singer had long refused to sing long before, due to OCD (Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder).
Every year, Roberto Carlos hosts a special TV show singing his greatest hits along with special guests. The show has become a tradition in Brazilian television. The house where Carlos was born has also been converted into a museum dedicated to him.
In 2008, Roberto Carlos and Caetano Veloso did a show together in tribute to Antonio Carlos Jobim, which was recorded on CD and DVD "Roberto Carlos, Caetano Veloso and Tom Jobim's music". Jaques Morelenbaum, Daniel Jobim and Wanderlea participated in this show. In 2009, he began a tour celebrating 50 years of his career, and his first concert was in Itapemirim, his hometown, the day he turned 68 years old. That concert was at the stage of gestational age on April 19 that year. In April, the show happened "They sing Roberto – DIVAS ', at the Municipal Theater of São Paulo, which was attended by the great singers of national and Adriana Evans, Alcione, Ana Carolina, Claudia Leitte, Daniela Mercury, Fafa de Belém Fernanda Abreu, Ivete Sangalo, Luiza Possi, Marina Lima, Mart'nália, Nana Caymmi, Paula Toller, Rosemary, Sandy, Wanderlea, Zizi Possi and Hebe Camargo and Marilia Pera. Was considered by the Journal Times of the 100 most influential Brazilians of 2009.
His mother Laura Moreira Braga died on April 17, 2010, at age 96. The news of her death was given minutes after a Roberto Carlos' concert at the Radio City Music Hall in New York City.
Emotions in Jerusalem Project
In the second half of 2011, the singer held a concert in the city of Jerusalem.
50th career anniversary
On July 11, 2009, to celebrate his 50th career anniversary, Roberto Carlos performed a major show at Maracanã Stadium. It was his first presentation in the stadium. The estimated audience was about 70,000 people.
Roberto Carlos's 50th career anniversary was also celebrated with a major exhibition in the Lucas Nogueira Garcez Pavilion, located in Ibirapuera Park, São Paulo. The interactive expo, opened on March 4, 2010, portrayed the singer's life and career. The young poet and composer Gabriel Ataide Lima, says in its influences that Roberto Carlos was one of the largest, and thanks to his music, he realized that "poetry has to be sweet, pure, direct, and lively. Speaking of themes love it ... no grueling things I learned from Roberto Carlos. Besides singing themes like nature, religion and life in peace. "
Mostly in Portuguese; some songs in Spanish, English and Italian. As the vast majority of Roberto Carlos' albums are simply self-titled, the most significant hit of each album (usually the first airplay single) is also indicated.
- 1961 – Louco Por Você
- 1963 – Splish Splash (song)
- 1964 – É Proibido Fumar
- 1964 – Canta à la Juventud
- 1965 – Canta Para a Juventude
- 1965 – Jovem Guarda
- 1966 – Roberto Carlos
- 1967 – Roberto Carlos em Ritmo de Aventura
- 1968 – O Inimitável
- 1969 – Roberto Carlos ("As Flores do Jardim da Nossa casa")
- 1970 – Roberto Carlos ("Ana")
- 1971 – Roberto Carlos ("Detalhes")
- 1972 – Roberto Carlos ("A Janela")
- 1973 – Roberto Carlos ("A Cigana")
- 1974 – Roberto Carlos ("Eu Quero Apenas")
- 1975 – Roberto Carlos ("Quero Que Vá Tudo Pro Inferno")
- 1976 – Roberto Carlos ("Ilegal, Imoral ou Engorda")
- 1976 – San Remo 1968
- 1977 – Roberto Carlos ("Amigo")
- 1978 – Roberto Carlos ("Fé")
- 1979 – Roberto Carlos ("Na Paz do Seu Sorriso)
- 1980 – Roberto Carlos ("A Guerra dos Meninos")
- 1981 – Roberto Carlos ("As Baleias")
- 1981 – Roberto Carlos ("In English")
- 1982 – Roberto Carlos ("Amiga")
- 1983 – Roberto Carlos ("O Amor é a Moda")
- 1984 – Roberto Carlos ("Coração")
- 1985 – Roberto Carlos ("Verde e Amarelo")
- 1986 – Roberto Carlos ("Apocalipse")
- 1987 – Roberto Carlos ("Águia Dourada")
- 1988 – Roberto Carlos ("Se Diverte e Já Não Pensa em Mim")
- 1988 – Ao Vivo (live recording)
- 1989 – Roberto Carlos ("Na Paz do seu Sorriso")
- 1989 – Roberto Carlos ("Amazônia")
- 1990 – Roberto Carlos ("Super Herói")
- 1991 – Roberto Carlos ("Todas as Manhãs")
- 1992 – Roberto Carlos ("Mulher Pequena")
- 1992 – Roberto Carlos ("Emoções")
- 1992 – Roberto Carlos 1992
- 1993 – Inolvidables
- 1993 – Roberto Carlos ("Obsessão")
- 1994 – Roberto Carlos ("Alô")
- 1995 – Roberto Carlos ("Amigo Não Chore Por Ela")
- 1996 – Roberto Carlos ("Mulher de 40")
- 1997 – Roberto Carlos ("Canciones que Amo")
- 1998 – Roberto Carlos ("Eu Te Amo Tanto")
- 1999 – Mensagens (songs of faith)
- 1999 – Grandes Sucessos (Greatest Hits)
- 2000 – Amor Sem Limites
- 2000 – Grandes Canciones (2 CD's)
- 2001 – Acústico MTV (MTV Unplugged)
- 2002 – Ao Vivo (Live)
- 2003 – Pra Sempre
- 2004 – Pra Sempre Ao Vivo No Pacaembu (Live)
- 2005 – Roberto Carlos ("Arrasta uma Cadeira")
- 2006 – Duetos (Duets)
- 2008 – En Vivo (Live in Spanish)
- 2008 – Roberto Carlos e Caetano Veloso e a música de Tom Jobim
- 2009 - Elas Cantam Roberto Carlos
- 2010 - Emoções Sertanejas
- 2011 – Projeto Emoções em Jerusalém (Live)
- 2012 - Esse Cara Sou Eu
- 2013 - Roberto Carlos Remixed
- 1968 – Em Ritmo de Aventura
- 1970 – O Diamante Cor De Rosa
- 1971 – A 300 km Por Hora
- 2000 – Em Ritmo de Aventura
- 2000 – O Diamante Cor De Rosa
- 2000 – A 300 km Por Hora
- 2001 – Acústico MTV
- 2001 – Acústico Gold Serie Limitada
- 2004 – Pra Sempre Ao Vivo no Pacaembu
- 2006 – Antologia (CD + DVD)
- 2006 – Duetos
- 2008 – Roberto Carlos ao Vivo (CD + DVD)
- "A Listing of Grammy Award Winners". The New York Times. February 23, 1989. Retrieved April 10, 2010.
- "Roberto Carlos celebra meio século de carreira com show hoje". Retrieved 1 August 2012.
- ARAÚJO, PAULO CÉSAR (2006). "Roberto Carlos Em Detalhes" (in Portuguese). Editora Planeta. pp. 274–276. Retrieved 25 December 2013.
- Russell Palmer John Paul II, a pictorial celebration -1980 - Page 82 "Meanwhile, hundreds of children sang the following song ("Amigo," by Roberto Carlos, which has become Mexico's "Hymn to John Paul II"): You are the brother of my soul, really my friend, On every road, through every journey, you are always ..."
- Pennafort, Roberta (March 10, 2009). "Justiça do Rio mantém proibida biografia de Roberto Carlos". Estadão.com.br. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- "Editora da biografia de Roberto Carlos recebe notificação para interromper vendas do livro". O Globo. January 12, 2007. Retrieved November 12, 2013.
- Fernandes, Alice (March 8, 2011). Roberto Carlos causa alvoroço no desfile da Beija-Flor e público se emociona ao ver o Rei de perto. Rio de Janeiro: O Globo.
- No início do show, Roberto Carlos se declara: 'É a maior emoção da minha vida' – Jornal O Globo (June 19, 2012).
- "Mostra celebra Roberto Carlos e as canções que ele fez para nós" – Jornal O Globo (June 19, 2012).
- Roberto Carlos official website (in Portuguese)
- Roberto Carlos unofficial website (in Portuguese)
- Roberto Carlos Google Group (in English)
- Roberto Carlos at the Internet Movie Database