Roberto Clemente Bridge

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Coordinates: 40°26′44.1594″N 80°0′11.8794″W / 40.445599833°N 80.003299833°W / 40.445599833; -80.003299833
Roberto Clemente Bridge
Sixth Street Bridge
Suspension bridge
Roberto Clemente bridge.jpg
The Bridge with PNC Park in the background.
Official name: Roberto Clemente Bridge
Named for: Roberto Clemente
Country United States
State Pennsylvania
County Allegheny
Municipality Pittsburgh
Road Sixth Street 2 lanes
 - Sidewalks Each side
Crosses Allegheny River
Coordinates 40°26′44.1594″N 80°0′11.8794″W / 40.445599833°N 80.003299833°W / 40.445599833; -80.003299833
Length 884 ft (269 m)
 - Main span 430 ft (131 m)
 - Side spans 430 ft (131 m)
Clearance 78 ft (24 m)
 - Navigational 40.1 ft (12 m)
Number of spans 3
Design Self-anchored suspension
Material Steel
Location of the Roberto Clemente Bridge in Pennsylvania
Location of Pennsylvania in the United States
Wikimedia Commons: Roberto Clemente Bridge

The Roberto Clemente Bridge, also known as the Sixth Street Bridge, spans the Allegheny River in downtown Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States.

The Sixth Street Bridge that we see today is not the original Sixth Street Bridge. In 1859, the first Sixth Street Bridge was built by John Roebling which built this bridge as his third and final bridge. The original bridge had two main spans of 344 feet (105 m) with shore spans of 177 and 171 feet (54 and 52 m). The floors were suspended from wire hangers that were then suspended from wire catenaries. Eventually, due to electric streetcars, heavy loads, and more traffic, the bridge demanded to be wider and much more rigid so it came down in 1892. Then in 1892, the second Sixth Street Bridge was built by an engineer named Theodore Cooper for the Union Bridge Company. The main spans were 440 feet (130 m) long, each having through trusses of the camel-back type with upward-angled upper chords, and were twice as wide as the previous bridge. In 1927 the bridge had to be taken apart because the steelwork was too brittle for safety. So in 1927, the main spans were somewhat trimmed down temporarily from their 80-foot (24 m) height which were then lowered onto barges and floated down the Ohio river to the back channel of Neville Island. Finally in 1994 the steel was scrapped. [1]

Named for the Pittsburgh Pirates baseball player Roberto Clemente, it is one of three parallel bridges called The Three Sisters, the others being the Rachel Carson Bridge and the Andy Warhol Bridge. The Three Sisters are self-anchored suspension bridges and are significant because they are the only trio of nearly identical bridges—as well as the first self-anchored suspension spans—built in the United States. Over 720 bridges link the city districts.[2]

The Sixth Street Bridge's piers were built with arched openings beneath the river bed in order to accommodate future subway tunnels, following the recommendation of transportation planner Bion J. Arnold.[3] The North Shore Connector tunnels completed in 2012 did not make use of this provision, but were bored further west (downstream) and do not pass beneath the bridge.

The bridge was renamed on August 6, 1998, as part of a compromise after the Pirates sold the naming rights to PNC Park to locally-based PNC Financial Services. Before the naming rights were sold, there was hugely popular sentiment in Pittsburgh to name the park itself after Clemente.[4]

It is closed to vehicular traffic on Pirates' and Steelers' game days, providing a pedestrian route to PNC Park and Heinz Field. When PNC Park was built, a statue of Roberto Clemente, originally erected at Three Rivers Stadium, was placed at the southeast corner of the park, right at the north anchorage of the Roberto Clemente Bridge.

The Pittsburgh History and Landmarks Foundation in cooperation with the Riverlife Task Force, the City of Pittsburgh, and Duquesne Light Company, funded and managed the architectural lighting of the bridge. On November 20, 2002, the bridge was lit for the first time.

Plaque on the North Shore of the Sixth Street Bridge.

See also[edit]

[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kidney, Walter C. Pittsburgh's Bridges: Architecture and Engineering. Pittsburgh, PA: Pittsburgh History & Landmarks Foundation, 1999. Print.
  2. ^ Pittsburgh. (2010). In The Hutchinson Unabridged Encyclopedia with Atlas and Weather guide. Retrieved from http://www.credoreference.com/entry/heliconhe/pittsburgh
  3. ^ Historic American Engineering Record (HAER) No. PA-490, "Three Sisters Bridges", p. 36.
  4. ^ http://www.pittsburghsportsreport.com/1998-Issues/psr9809/98090106.html
  5. ^ it is a six sister bridge

External links[edit]

it was dedicated to him