Roberto Sánchez Vilella

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Roberto Sánchez Vilella
Gobernador de Puerto Rico Roberto Sánchez Vilella en el año 1958.jpg
Governor of Puerto Rico Roberto Sánchez Vilella in 1958
2nd Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico
In office
January 2, 1965 – July 2, 1969
Preceded by Luis Muñoz Marín
Succeeded by Luis A. Ferré
1st Secretary of State of Puerto Rico
In office
January 2, 1953 – January 2, 1969
Succeeded by Carlos J. Lastra
Personal details
Born (1913-02-19)February 19, 1913
Mayagüez, Puerto Rico
Died March 24, 1997(1997-03-24) (aged 84)
San Juan, Puerto Rico
Political party Popular Democratic Party
Democratic Party
Partido del Pueblo (Puerto Rico)
Spouse(s) Conchita Dapena (1936-1967)
Jeannette Ramos (1967-1997)
Children Roberto Sánchez Ramos
Profession Engineer
Roberto Sánchez Vilella meeting with David Ben-Gurion during a visit to Israel in 1958

Roberto Sánchez Vilella[note 1] (February 19, 1913 – August 4, 1997) was the second Governor of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, holding the position from 1965 to 1969. Sánchez Vilella successfully ran for governor in the 1964 elections for the Partido Popular Democrático, after Governor Luis Muñoz Marín did not seek re-election having served four terms as Governor.

Early Years and Education[edit]

Sánchez Vilella was born in Mayagüez, Puerto Rico[1] and his family moved to Ponce, Puerto Rico when he was five years old. In Ponce he attended elementary and secondary schools, including the Ponce High School.[2][3][4] After graduation, he attended Ohio State University where he graduated with a degree in engineering in 1934. As an engineer, in 1941 he was president of the Ponce chapter of the Colegio de Ingenieros y Agrimensores de Puerto Rico, the professional organization covering all engineers and land surveyors in Puerto Rico.[5] He then was a professor for a short time at the University of Puerto Rico.

Governor[edit]

After a long and distinguished his career as city manager of the city of San Juan, Secretary of Public Works and as the first Secretary of State, Sánchez Vilella was handpicked by Governor Luis Muñoz Marín to run as the PPD's candidate for Governor in 1964. Sánchez won the election by a comfortable margin, becoming the second democratically elected governor of the island.

During his tenure, Sánchez Vilella tried to change his party's membership, urging a younger generation to rise in the friends party's organization. It could be argued that Sánchez Vilella was influenced by the youth movement that the island was experiencing countrywide during the 1960s, a period where many social areas in Puerto Rico, including television, music and sports, were being introduced to fresh, younger personalities.

Sánchez Vilella had public marital problems during his term; he divorced his wife, Conchita Dapena, in 1967 and married one of his close assistants, Jeannette Ramos Buonono, the daughter of a former Speaker of the House, Ernesto Ramos Antonini. This marked the first time a governor married while in office. His marital problems were brought to center stage during the 1968 gubernatorial campaign, given the still-conservative Puerto Rican moral values of the time, including the stigmatization of divorce.

His goals of revitalization and change led to a public break with former governor, Luis Muñoz Marín, who was still party leader. Because of this, the PPD nominated Luis Negrón López for governor in the elections of 1968. Sánchez Vilella left the PPD and founded his own party, the Partido del Pueblo (The People's Party). While his new party lost in the 1968 elections, it caused a considerable percentage of PPD voters to vote for him, indirectly helping Luis A. Ferré and his New Progressive Party to win that year. It did not matter that Ferré had made a similar split with his Partido Estadista Republicano (Statehood Republican Party) due to that party's decision not to support the statehood status option in the 1967 Puerto Rican status plebiscite (Ferré created the New Progressive Party of Puerto Rico as a consequence). There is even speculation that United States Navy officials, scorned by Sánchez Vilella as long-time meddlers in Puerto Rican affairs (in a by-now famous episode, Sánchez Vilella had thrashed a hotline telephone that linked the governor's office and the local Navy command) used Navy intelligence resources to prepare a smear campaign against Sánchez Vilella and helped Ferré with logistics and money for his own gubernatorial campaign. Nevertheless, Sánchez Vilella was finally blamed for the first loss in the history of the PPD. His relationship with former governor Muñoz Marín was severely strained, but the two friends mended their differences in the late 1970s.

In 1972, Sánchez Vilella made his third and last run for elective office when he obtained over 100,000 votes in his bid to become a representative-at-large, but lost when the Supreme Court of Puerto Rico certified the election of Puerto Rican Independence Party (PIP) candidate Luis Ángel Torres, who polled fewer than 150 votes, based on its interpretation of the Puerto Rico Constitution's rules regarding the election of at-large legislative candidates.

Retirement and legacy[edit]

After leaving La Fortaleza and his unsuccessful House bid in 1972, Sánchez Vilella lived a relatively quiet life, serving as a professor at the University of Puerto Rico's School of Public Administration and its Law School, and as a radio commentator. The Puerto Rican sculptor Tomás Batista created a bust in his honor, and it is located in the city of Ponce, at the Parque del Tricentenario.[6]

He died on 24 March 1997 and was buried at the Panteón Nacional Román Baldorioty de Castro in Ponce[7][8][9] which he had claimed as his adoptive city.[10]

The legacy of Sánchez Vilella, who was initially judged rather harshly by historians, has been perceived in a better light recently. His term was overshadowed by the legacy of Muñoz, his predecessor, and the PDP's loss in the 1968 elections is still blamed on him. However, he is perceived by many political commentators to have led the most efficient public administration of all Puerto Rican-born governors, and many long for Sánchez Vilella's frankness and political integrity in light of the deteriorating political climate that has developed after he left office. As the perception of his legacy improves, he is now being honored more frequently. The Government's largest building complex at Minillas in Santurce, has now been named after him, and Senate President Kenneth McClintock placed a bust of Sánchez Vilella in 2007 at the Capitol Building's Governors' Hall, righting a decades-long omission.

Sánchez Vilella had two daughters, Evelyn and Vilma, from his marriage to First Lady Concepción "Conchita" Dapena. He had seven grandchildren born prior to his passing: Marta Monserrate-Kohler (née Marta Josefina Monserrate Sánchez), Mari Monserrate (née María de los Ángeles Monserrate Sánchez), Roberto Márquez Sánchez, Iván Monserrate Sánchez, M.D., Eng. Jorge Márquez Sánchez, US Navy Cmdr. Luis Enrique Márquez Sánchez, and Marie Marotte (née Vilmarí Márquez Sánchez). As of 2012, Sánchez Vilella had 15 great grandchildren: Natalie, Mari Elsa, Esteban, Cristina, Isaac, Jared, Sydney, Audrey, Alexander, Iván, David, Daniel, Jeremy and David Joseph. He also had two children, Olga Elizabeth and Roberto José, from his marriage to Jeannette Ramos.

Honors[edit]

In 1997, Governor Pedro Rosselló signed into law a bill introduced by then senator Kenneth McClintock converting a major highway built by Sánchez Vilella between Ponce and Mayagüez into the "Roberto Sánchez Vilella Expressway", honoring not only his service as Governor but as Secretary of Public Works.

A new Puerto Rican highway, PR-66, named in honor of Roberto Sánchez Vilella was inaugurated on March 31, 2006.[citation needed]

The University of Puerto Rico's School of Public Administration, where he served as a professor, bears his name.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^
    This name uses Spanish naming customs: the first or paternal family name is Sánchez and the second or maternal family name is Vilella.
Political offices
Preceded by
Luis Muñoz Marín
Governor of Puerto Rico
1965–1969
Succeeded by
Luis A. Ferré

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roberto Sanchez Vilella. National Governors Association. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  2. ^ Ponce High School celebra por todo lo alto su centenario. Alex David. Primera Hora. San Juan, Puerto Rico. 3 March 2003. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  3. ^ Ponceños Ilustres. Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  4. ^ Ponce High School celebra por todo lo alto su centenario. Alex David. Primera Hora. 3 March 2003. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  5. ^ 1941 Ing. Roberto Sánchez Vilella. Colegio de Ingenieros y Agrimensores de Puerto Rico, Capítulo de Ponce. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  6. ^ Camina por Ponce. Government of the Autonomous Municipality of Ponce. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  7. ^ Ponce Overview: Panteón Nacional Román Baldorioty De Castro. Ponce Travel Guide. Retrieved 23 January 2012.
  8. ^ Roberto Sánchez Vilella. Find-A-Grave.com Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  9. ^ The Rough Guide to Puerto Rico. Stephen Keeling. Page 288. Retrieved 29 December 2011.
  10. ^ Ponce History Museum. Inter-American University of Puerto Rico. Retrieved 29 December 2011.