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|Archbishop of Milan|
Coat of arms of Archbishop Visconti in Milan
|Predecessor||Giovanni II Visconti|
|Successor||Guglielmo II della Pusterla|
|Died||August 8, 1361
|Previous post||Provost of Brivio
Archpriest of the Metropolitan Church of Milan
Roberto Visconti (Pogliano Milanese , ... - Milan , August 8, 1361) was an Italian Roman Catholic archbishop.
A member of a collateral branch of the Visconti family that ruled Milan, Roberto was born in Pogliano Milanese and enjoyed the title of Lord of Valtravaglia(it). He was also related to Giovanni II Visconti, and already held a few benefices such as the Provost of Brivio and as the Archpriest of the Metropolitan Church of Milan.
On 29 October 1354, Roberto Visconti was appointed archbishop of Milan. On 5 January 1355, he coronated Emperor Charles IV in St. Ambrose Basilica with the Iron Crown of Lombardy, although other sources claim that Patriarch of Aquileia or the Bishop of Bergamo crowned the Emperor, since Roberto was not consecrated until April 1355.
On 5 December 1355, Roberto Visconti laid the foundation stone of the foundation of the Church of San Giovanni that restored the Basilica di Santa Tecla.
The political power of his Visconti cousins, who ruled the Milan, complicated Roberto's life. Usually, there were only minor conflicts, but in 1360, Pope Innocent VI excommunicated Bernabò Visconti. The latter reputedly uttered the following Latin phrase against the Archbishop of Milan one day when he had refused to carry out Bernabò's orders, due to the excommunication:
« Nescis, pultrone, quod ego sum papa et imperator ac dominus in omnibus terris meis, et quod nec imperatore, immodo nec Deus, posset in terris meis facere nisi quod vellem nec intendo quod faciat? »
« Do you not know, oh sluggard, that I am the pope and emperor and lord in all of my land, and neither the emperor nor God can refuse to do what I want on my land? »
Roberto Visconti died on August 8, 1361 in Milan, but according to other sources would have died in his castle in Legnano.
- Tolfo, Maria Grazia; Colussi, Paolo (2007-11-20). "Cronologia di Milano dal 1351 al 1375" [History of Milan]. Storia di Milano (in Italian). Milan, Italy. 1360 agosto. Retrieved 2011-11-30.
- Moroni, Gaetano (1846). Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica [Dictionary of historical and ecclesiastical scholarship] (in Italian). XXXVI. Venice: Tipografia Emiliana. p. [page needed]. OCLC 604432042. Retrieved 2013-11-21.
- Ghisalberti, Alberto Maria; Pavan, Massimiliano, eds. (1960). Dizionario biografico degli Italiani [Biographical Dictionary of Italians] (in Italian).[volume & issue needed]. Milan, Italy: Institute of the Italian Encyclopedia(it). p. [page needed]. OCLC 679299013.
- Muratori, Ludovico Antonio (1786–1788). Annali d'Italia, dal principio dell'era volgare sino all'anno MDCCL [Annals of Italy, from the beginning of the Common Era until the year 1750] (in Italian).[volume & issue needed]. preface by Giuseppe Catalani. Rome: A. Casaletti. p. [page needed]. OCLC 719396820. Retrieved 2013-11-30.
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