Roberton, South Lanarkshire
Roberton shown within South Lanarkshire
|Council area||South Lanarkshire|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
Roberton is a Scottish village in Lanarkshire.
Black 1965 describes the etymology as literally 'the Town of Robert'. This Robert was brother of Lambin Asa, who was the progenitor of the Earls of Loddon and Lamington. Ritchie 1954, Reid 1928 and Grant 2007 assert the origins of Robert as a Flemish feudal vassal of Baldwin of Biggar.
Brother of Lambin Asa
The Chartulary of Kelso gives Robert as the brother of Lambyn Asa who was the Laird of Lesmahagow. Lambyn appears to have held lands in and around Lesmahagow (the regal barony), including what became the barony of Lamington, alongside William Comyn at or around the time the grant of Lesmahagow was made to the Abbey of Kelso by David I. As a consequence Lambyn became the Laird of Lesmahagowand the minor baronies were then divided up between his family and associates with terms based on the original grant of the lands of Draffan to Lambyn and then to his son James. It seems Lambyn had previously been in Yorkshire, as were Theobald and Baldwin, where his family had become Lords of Multon under the Earl of Richmond. Theobald took the grant of Douglas (from whom descends the famous Douglas family), Baldwin became Sherriff of Biggar and subsequently married the widow of Reginald, illegitimate son of Alan, Earl of Richmond, who had taken land which subsequently became the barony of CrawfordJohn in the possession of John son of Reginald and stepson of Baldwin.
The precise family relationship of Theobald and Baldwin to Lambyn Asa is not clear, especially as Robert is specifically stated to be his brother and Eustace of Ardoch to be a member of his family. For reference, consult the Cartulary of Kelso from the Bannatyne Club (Liber S Marie de Calchou), Annals of Lesmahagow (J B Greenshields) and Burkes Commoners.
It became the seat of the Robertons of that ilk until their dispossession by Robert I for Stephen de Robertoun's signing of the 1296 Ragman Roll. It was subsequently bestowed upon Sir James Douglas, ancestor of the Earls of Morton (Beverage n.d.).
Historically it was an Established Church of Scotland. It merged with Wiston in 1772, and became a United Presybterian Church in 1847. In 1843 a Free Church was established that dwindled, ultimately belonging to the Presbytery of Jedburgh by 1880 (Familysearch)
Roberton is most notable for being one of the earliest documented Flemish settlements in Lanarkshire, and at 12 square miles (31 km2) in size it was one of the largest in the Flemish enclave around Biggar (Grant). Running beside the river Clyde for 6 miles (10 km), the agriculture included oats and barley (Sinclair 1791)
- Beverage, A., nd. Clydesdale: Descriptive, Historical and Romantic p 50
- Black, G Surnames of Scotland, Birlinn, Edinburgh 1999
- Grant, ‘A Lordship and Society in 12th Century Clydesdale’ in Pryce et al. Power and Identity in the Middle Ages: Essays in Memory of Rees Davies Oxford University Press, 2007
- Hardie –Stoffelen, A ‘The rise of the Flemish families in scotland’ at < http://www.amg1.net/scotland/flemfam.htm> last cited 12 January 2009.
- The 1296 Ragman Roll
- Reid, T History of the Parish of Crawfordjohn, Upper Ward of Lanarkshire 1153 to 1928 Turnball & Spiers Edinburgh 1928
- Ritchie, R.L.G , The Normans in Scotland University Press, 1954
- Sinclair, J Statistical Accounts of Scotland 1791 - 99 Volume 2 p 210
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