Robinia hispida

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Robinia hispida
Robinia-hispida2.jpg
Conservation status

Apparently Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Genus: Robinia
Species: R. hispida
Binomial name
Robinia hispida
L.

Robinia hispida, known as the bristly locust, rose-acacia, or moss locust, is a shrub in the subfamily Faboideae of the pea family Fabaceae. It is native to the southeastern United States,[1] and it is present in other areas, including other regions of North America, as an introduced species. It is grown as an ornamental and can escape cultivation and grow in the wild.[2]

Description[edit]

This deciduous shrub grows to 3 meters tall, often with glandular, bristly (hispid) stems. The leaves are pinnate with up to 13 leaflets. The pink or purplish pealike flowers are borne in hanging racemes of up to 5. The fruit is a flat pod.[2]

Ethnobotany[edit]

The Cherokee had several uses for the plant. They used the root medicinally for toothache. They fed an infusion of the plant to cows as a tonic. The wood was useful for making fences, bows, and blowgun darts, and for building houses.[3]

Subtaxa[edit]

There are at least 4 varieties:[1][4]

  • R. hispida var. fertilis - Arnot Bristly Locust (North Carolina, Tennessee)
  • R. hispida var. hispida - Common Bristly Locust (Originally endemic to the Southern Appalachian Mountains but now escaped from cultivation throughout much of eastern North America)
  • R. hispida var. kelseyi - Kelsey's Locust (North Carolina, sometimes considered to have arisen as a horticultural variety)
  • R. hispida var. rosea - Boynton's Locust (North Carolina, Tennessee, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Robinia hispida. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  2. ^ a b Robinia hispida. Burke Museum of Natural History and Culture. University of Washington. 2013.
  3. ^ Robinia hispida. Native American Ethnobotany. University of Michigan, Dearborn.
  4. ^ Weakley, Alan (Nov. 2012 Working Draft). Flora of the Southern and Mid-Atlantic States. University of North Carolina Herbarium. pp. 516–517.